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Graduates: Employment

Volume 472: debated on Monday 25 February 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills which 10 university degree subjects had the 10 (a) highest and (b) lowest proportions of graduates entering employment immediately after graduation in the latest period for which figures are available. (180178)

The latest available data are taken from the Destination of Leavers in Higher Education (DLHE) survey and are given in the first table.

The DLHE survey captures the first destinations of graduates, six months after leaving university. The most recent information available is for those who graduated in 2005/06 who were surveyed in early 2007.

The table contains a complete breakdown of destination categories, and shows that those graduates who are not included in the proportion in employment are not necessarily unemployed (some are in further study, some are not available for employment and the rest are unemployed).

Data on the longer term career paths of graduates (shown in the second table) demonstrates that over time the employment of graduates in all subjects increases.

Table 1: UK and EU domiciled first degree graduates by destination category and degree subject—destinations six months after graduation—English higher education institutions—academic year 2005/06

Of which:

Subject

Total of known destination1

Employed2

Work and further study

Further study only

Assumed to be unemployed

Not available for employment/other

Percentage in employment3

Medicine and dentistry

4,545

3,960

270

270

10

35

93.0

Subjects allied to medicine

14,795

11,320

1,460

920

620

470

86.4

Architecture, building and planning

3,505

2,315

620

310

125

135

83.8

Education

7,535

5,545

710

825

235

220

83.0

Veterinary science

385

290

15

65

5

5

80.2

Mass communications and documentation

5,440

4,020

285

350

445

340

79.1

Business and administrative studies

19,740

13,260

2,160

1,675

1,320

1,320

78.1

Creative arts and design

18,650

12,635

1,395

1,850

1,615

1,155

75.2

Computer science

10,065

6,865

635

955

1,105

505

74.5

Engineering and technology

8,715

5,765

715

1,075

680

480

74.4

Combined

4,045

2,155

815

310

220

550

73.3

Agriculture and related subjects

1,295

845

100

165

75

105

73.2

Social studies

16,970

10,625

1,725

2,395

1,020

1,210

72.7

Biological sciences

16,685

9,735

1,510

3,315

1,015

1,110

67.4

Languages

12,350

7,185

1,020

2,495

765

885

66.5

Historical and philosophical studies

9,550

5,170

870

2,080

605

820

63.3

Mathematical sciences

3,185

1,505

480

770

180

255

62.3

Physical sciences

8,065

4,225

645

2,105

540

545

60.4

Law

7,845

2,900

815

3,320

330

485

47.3

Total

173,370

110,325

16,245

25,250

10,915

10,635

73.0

1 Covers graduates from full-time and part-time courses. Overall, around 80 per cent. of graduates provide details of their destinations.

2 Includes full-time paid work (including self-employed), part-time paid work and voluntary/unpaid work.

3 Those in full-time paid work (including self-employed), part-time paid work, voluntary/unpaid work, and work and further study, as a percentage of all those with known destination.

Note:

Figures have been rounded to the nearest five so components may not sum to totals.

Source:

HESA Destination of Leavers in Higher Education Survey.

Table 2: UK and EU domiciled first degree graduates by destination category and degree subject—graduates qualifying in 2002/03 by destination as at November 2006—UK higher education institutions

Percentage

Activity on 27 November 2006

Subject

Employed1

Work and further study

Further study only

Assumed to be unemployed

Not available for employment/other

In employment2

Base (unweighted)

Base (weighted)

Medicine and dentistry

81

15

2

1

2

96

437

336

Agriculture and related subjects

91

4

2

0

3

95

92

141

Education

90

5

2

1

2

95

1,363

506

Mass communications and documentation

88

5

2

2

2

94

406

343

Business and administrative studies

83

11

2

2

3

94

2,060

1,779

Law

81

11

4

3

1

92

662

554

Computer science

89

2

6

2

1

91

1,053

937

Social studies

79

11

6

2

2

90

1,535

1,346

Engineering and technology

83

6

8

1

1

89

783

825

Architecture, building and planning

82

7

10

1

1

89

241

242

Subjects allied to medicine

78

10

8

1

3

88

1,494

978

Mathematical sciences

72

15

10

2

1

87

433

340

Languages

78

9

6

2

5

87

1,372

1,100

Creative arts and design

82

4

4

6

4

86

1,157

1,356

Historical and philosophical studies

79

7

8

3

4

85

793

821

Combined

65

15

9

5

6

80

87

117

Physical sciences

71

9

13

4

3

80

725

804

Biological sciences

66

13

15

3

3

78

1,490

1,444

Veterinary science

25

35

Total

79

9

7

2

3

88

16,208

14,004

1 Includes full-time paid work (including self-employed), part-time paid work and voluntary/unpaid work.

2 Includes those in full-time paid work (including self-employed), part-time paid work, voluntary/unpaid work, and work and further study.

Note:

The original survey data (the unweighted figures in the table) were weighted to correct for differential sampling and response rates. The sample size for some subjects was not large enough to provide reliable results.

Source:

HESA Destination of Leavers in Higher Education Longitudinal Survey, This was conducted in November 2006 and covered a sample of graduates who had qualified in 2002/03.