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National Insurance

Volume 473: debated on Thursday 13 March 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions how many national insurance numbers were issued to (a) UK, (b) EU and (c) non-EU citizens between (i) 1 April 2002 and 31 December 2003 and (ii) 1 January 2004 and the most recent date for which figures are available; and which 10 nationalities received the most national insurance numbers in each period. (162349)

The information is not available in the format requested.

The available information is provided as follows:

National insurance number registrations to UK citizens

The majority of UK nationals are registered with national insurance numbers (NINOs) as part of the juvenile registration process just prior to the age of 16. Some UK nationals apply for a NINO as adults and would go through the adult NINO allocation process. The data are not held in a format which allows us to extract a figure for UK nationals.

The number of foreign nationals registered with NINOs does not indicate either the number of migrants coming to the UK or the number of foreign nationals in employment. The national insurance figures count all foreign nationals, including those who stay only briefly. Office for National Statistics immigration statistics define a migrant as someone who stays in the UK for at least a year. Equally, ONS figures are not restricted to arrivals allocated a NINO, for example, non-working students, and family members not requiring a national insurance number.

Figures for the juvenile registration process are as follows:

Period

Juvenile registration volumes (thousand)

2003-04

753.6

2004-05

743.2

2005-06

722.9

2006-07

772.1

Notes:

1. Source data is Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs national insurance recording system (NIRS2) management information.

2. Reporting period for juvenile registration is 1 April to 31 March.

3. For the majority of juveniles the registration process takes place just prior to the 16th birthday. However, some juveniles may initially miss out on this process, but can be recorded as part of this process until the age of 19.

4. There may be a small number of young foreign nationals who obtain a national insurance number through the juvenile registration process. These will not appear in the foreign nationals totals for adult national insurance number registrations. However, the majority of juvenile registrations are for UK nationals.

Adult national insurance number registrations to EU and non-EU citizens

The numbers in the following table are sourced from figures already in the public domain. They are published via DWP's National Statistics First Release “National Insurance Number Allocations to Overseas Nationals entering the UK 2006/07”.

Thousand

2002-03

2003-04

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

EU

98.6

113.6

200.5

374.3

424.9

Non-EU

249.8

256.4

238.7

287.6

288.1

Notes:

1. Source data is the 100 per cent DWP Extract from the National Insurance Recording System.

2. Annual periods relate to 6 April to 5 April.

3. Figures are rounded to the nearest 100. Some additional disclosure control has been applied. Totals may not sum due to rounding method used.

4. In order to produce a consistent time series, nationality is classified as EU or non-EU according to the country's status in 2006-07.

5. These figures do not include a small number of people (historically between 500 and 800 per year) who are recorded as foreign nationals but whose nationality is unknown.

The top 10 nationalities (excluding UK nationals) with the most adult national insurance number registrations for the latest four years available (2003-04 to 2006-07) are published in table 3 on page 16 of the report “National Insurance Number Allocations to Overseas Nationals entering the UK (previously Migrant Workers Statistics) 2007: Full Report” on the Department's website at:

http://www.dwp.gov.uk/asd/asd1/niall/niall_report.pdf.

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions which 10 nationalities hold the greatest number of UK national insurance numbers ranked in order of numbers held; how many numbers are held in each case; and what percentage each figure is of the total number of national insurance registrations. (162350)

Information on the totality of national insurance numbers held is not available broken down by nationality.

The top 10 nationalities (excluding UK nationals) with the most adult national insurance number registrations for the latest year available (2006-2007) are published in table three on page 16 of the report “National Insurance Number Allocations to Overseas Nationals entering the UK (previously Migrant Workers Statistics) 2007: Full Report” on the Department's website at:

http://www.dwp.gov.uk/asd/asd1/niall/niall_report.pdf.

The total number of national insurance numbers registered in 2006-2007 was 1,539,000. This includes all adult registrations and those registered via the juvenile registration process just prior to age 16. There may be a small number of young foreign nationals who obtain a national insurance number through the juvenile registration process, and these will not appear in the foreign nationals total for adult national insurance number registrations. However, the majority of the juvenile registrations are for UK nationals.

It is not possible to provide a direct comparison between the top 10 nationality figures and the total number of national insurance numbers registered because the former figures relate only to adults and some foreign nationals will obtain a national insurance number through the juvenile registration process, for which no nationality breakdown is available. Also, the data for adult foreign nationals and total NINO registrations are derived in different ways and captured over different periods.

The number of foreign nationals registered with NINOs does not indicate either the number of migrants coming to the UK or the number of foreign nationals in employment. The national insurance figures count all foreign nationals, including those who stay only briefly. ONS immigration statistics define a migrant as someone who stays in the UK for at least a year. Equally, ONS figures are not restricted to arrivals allocated a NINO, for example, non-working students, and family members not requiring a national insurance number.

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions what the change was in the number of national insurance registrations issued to (a) UK citizens and (b) foreign citizens in each year since 2002; and what the percentage change was in each period in each category. (162690)

[holding answer 12 November 2007]: The information is not available in the format requested.

The available information is provided as follows:

National insurance number registrations to UK citizens

The majority of UK nationals are registered with national insurance numbers (NINOs) as part of the juvenile registration process just prior to the age of 16. Some UK nationals apply for a NINO as adults and would go through the adult NINO allocation process. The data are not held in a format which allows us to extract a figure for UK nationals.

The number of foreign nationals registered with NINOs does not indicate either the number of migrants coming to the UK or the number of foreign nationals in employment. The national insurance figures count all foreign nationals, including those who stay only briefly. Office for National Statistics immigration statistics define a migrant as someone who stays in the UK for at least a year. Equally, ONS figures are not restricted to arrivals allocated a NINO, for example, non-working students, and family members not requiring a national insurance number.

Figures for the juvenile registration process are in the following table:

Period

Juvenile registration volumes (thousand)

Percentage change

2003-04

753.6

2004-05

743.2

-1 .4

2005-06

722.9

-2.7

2006-07

772.1

+6.8

Notes:

1. Source data is Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs national insurance recording system (NIRS2) management information.

2. Reporting period for juvenile registration is 1 April to 31 March.

3. For the majority of juveniles the registration process takes place just prior to the 16 birthday. However, some juveniles may initially miss out on this process, but can be recorded as part of this process until the age of 19.

4. There may be a small number of young foreign nationals who obtain a national insurance number through the juvenile registration process. These will not appear in the foreign nationals total for adult national insurance number registrations. However, the majority of juvenile registrations are for UK nationals.

Adult national insurance number registrations to foreign citizens

Figures for national insurance numbers registered to foreign nationals under the adult national insurance number process are in the following table. The numbers in the table are sourced from figures already in the public domain. They are published via DWP's National Statistics First Release ‘National Insurance Number Allocations to Overseas Nationals entering the UK 2006/07’.

Period

Foreign nationals registration volumes (thousand)

Percentage change

2002-03

349.2

2003-04

370.7

+6.2

2004-05

439.7

+18.6

2005-06

662.4

+50.6

2006-07

713.5

+7.7

Notes:

1. Source data is the 100 per cent DWP extract from the National Insurance Recording system.

2. Annual periods relate to 6 April to 5 April.

3. Figures are rounded to the nearest 100. Some additional disclosure control has been applied. Totals may not sum due to rounding method used.