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Public Sector: Job Creation

Volume 473: debated on Monday 17 March 2008

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many public sector jobs were created in each region in each of the last 10 years. (193703)

[holding answer 13 March 2008]: The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician, who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Karen Dunnell, dated 17 March 2008:

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your Parliamentary Question about how many public sector jobs were created in each region in each of the last 10 years. (193703)

While statistics of new jobs created are not available explicitly, estimates from administrative sources and surveys enable comparisons to be made of net changes, in public sector employment by region, from year to year.

The attached table gives the average annual levels and annual change of public sector employment by region from 1999, the earliest available, to 2006.

These regional estimates are based on information published within ‘Economic and Labour Market Review’ Vol. 1 No. 3 March 2007 (pages 17 to 23) and are the most up to date available. They are not consistent with the UK estimates published in the most recent Public Sector Employment First Release (Quarter 3 2007), which is available via the following link:

http://www.statistics.gov.uk/pdfdir/psel207.pdf

The estimates provided are based on returns from public sector organisations, combined with approximate breakdowns from the Labour Force Survey for Wales and the English regions. As these figures are partly based on sample surveys, they are subject to a margin of uncertainty.

Public sector employment1: by region and country of workplace

Thousand—seasonally adjusted

North East

North West

Yorks and Humber

East Midlands

West Midlands

Average level for:2

1999

238

594

441

321

435

2000

230

642

461

316

429

2001

244

664

440

320

449

2002

252

661

460

330

467

2003

252

681

497

340

468

2004

263

676

496

368

477

2005

261

684

493

361

496

20065

266

677

481

376

499

Annual change:

1999-2000

-8

48

20

-5

-6

2000-01

14

22

-21

4

20

2001-02

8

-3

20

10

18

2002-03

0

20

37

10

1

2003-04

11

-5

-1

28

9

2004-05

-2

8

-3

-7

19

2005-066

5

-7

-12

15

3

Thousand—seasonally adjusted

East

London

South East

South West

England

Average level for:2

1999

414

711

630

427

4,210

2000

428

675

639

451

4,271

2001

431

707

644

457

4,355

2002

440

725

644

473

4,453

2003

469

712

671

486

4,576

2004

487

740

697

483

4,688

2005

470

752

707

522

4,746

20065

461

770

695

511

4,736

Annual change:

1999-2000

14

-36

9

24

61

2000-01

3

32

5

6

84

2001-02

9

18

0

16

98

2002-03

29

-13

27

13

123

2003-04

18

28

26

-3

112

2004-05

-17

12

10

39

58

2005-066

-9

18

-12

-11

-10

Thousand—seasonally adjusted

Wales

Scotland3

Great Britain

Northern Ireland4

United Kingdom

Average level for:2

1999

287

529

5,026

197

5,223

2000

297

532

5,100

199

5,299

2001

296

536

5,187

202

5,389

2002

304

545

5,302

206

5,508

2003

316

558

5,449

212

5,661

2004

303

571

5,563

216

5,779

2005

305

580

5,632

220

5,852

20065

312

583

5,630

221

5,851

Annual change:

1999-2000

10

3

74

2

76

2000-01

-1

4

87

3

90

2001-02

8

9

115

4

119

2002-03

12

13

147

6

153

2003-04

-13

13

114

4

118

2004-05

2

9

69

4

73

2005-066

7

3

-2

1

-1

1 Headcount.

2 Annual estimates are based four quarter averages for March (Q1). June (Q2). September (Q3) and December (Q4). For example the 1999 estimate is an average taken for the quarters Q1 1999 to Q4 1999.

3 Public sector employment estimates for Scotland are published by Scottish Executive (SE) on a quarterly basis back to Q1 1999 from administrative records and surveys of public sector organisations in Scotland.

4 Public sector statistics for Northern Ireland relate to the number of public sector jobs rather than the number of people working in the public sector. The percentages for Northern Ireland as a proportion of all employment will differ from DETINI estimates expressed as a proportion of all jobs. HM Forces figures are not Included in Northern Ireland estimates.

5 Estimates for 2006 have been produced using estimates from only the first three quarters. Q1. Q2. Q3 calendar quarter LFS microdata have been used to obtain regional splits (see section ‘Use of LFS data for analysis of public sector employment’ of ‘Regional analysis of public sector employment’ article in ‘Economic and Labour Market Review’ Vol 1 No 3 March 2007 (pages 17 to 23)).

6 The change for 2005-06 is a nine month change as data for 2006 Q4 are not available.

Sources:

Labour Force Survey, returns from public sector organisations (ONS, Scottish Executive and Department of Enterprise. Trade and Investment for Northern Ireland (DETINI))