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Income

Volume 474: debated on Tuesday 1 April 2008

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what the average earnings were for each income decile of (a) men and (b) women aged between 22 and 29 years in each region in the latest five years for which figures are available. (196639)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician, who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Jill Matheson, dated 31 March 2008:

The National Statistician has been asked to reply to your recent Parliamentary Question asking what the average earnings were for each income decile of (a) men and (b) women aged between 22 and 29 years in each region in the latest five years for which figures are available. I am replying in her absence. (196639)

Average levels of earnings are estimated from the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE), and are provided for all employees on adult rates of pay whose pay for the survey period was not affected by absence.

I attach a table showing the mean, deciles and quartiles for gross weekly earnings for (a) men and (b) women aged between 22 and 29 years, for those working full time in each government office region, for the years 2003 - 2007.

The ASHE, carried out in April each year, is the most comprehensive source of earnings information in the United Kingdom. It is a sample of all employees who are members of pay-as-you-earn (PAYE) schemes.

Weekly pay—gross (£)—for male full-time employee jobs by age 22 to 29a: United Kingdom

2003

Percentiles

Description

Number of jobs (thousand)

Median

Mean

10

20

25

30

40

60

70

75

80

90

North East

58

313

357

205

231

245

259

283

350

389

406

441

x

North West

154

336

400

218

248

261

276

306

374

413

434

470

569

Yorkshire and the Humber

126

344

378

223

258

270

286

312

379

423

445

474

571

East Midlands

100

364

392

224

262

275

289

324

398

434

462

484

571

West Midlands

135

346

385

225

257

269

288

314

377

414

442

480

580

East

131

375

474

233

267

288

305

335

417

463

491

528

647

London

282

480

542

270

330

357

380

427

528

592

633

674

876

South East

217

403

436

250

293

308

326

365

441

484

509

556

666

South West

113

333

374

220

250

266

278

305

367

414

438

466

576

Wales

66

328

369

213

242

253

268

296

374

413

443

469

x

Scotland

116

338

379

206

244

259

274

307

371

413

439

467

578

2004b

Percentiles

Description

Number of jobs (thousand)

Median

Mean

10

20

25

30

40

60

70

75

80

90

North East

56

340

365

204

237

254

266

301

383

411

431

459

x

North West

149

350

437

221

260

278

289

318

390

434

465

485

576

Yorkshire and the Humber

125

361

392

227

261

278

295

326

393

428

456

484

582

East Midlands

97

364

394

226

265

279

297

330

395

435

457

486

576

West Midlands

127

356

394

231

264

276

290

323

395

431

461

493

576

East

127

378

477

231

275

288

306

341

416

461

483

518

624

London

267

480

542

276

336

357

386

433

537

595

633

690

875

South East

210

409

445

257

303

320

336

372

449

494

519

558

672

South West

115

353

394

227

265

280

297

325

393

430

461

481

566

Wales

63

344

388

230

255

269

285

314

384

427

453

477

x

Scotland

119

354

393

220

255

276

290

321

387

427

457

481

616

2004c

Percentiles

Description

Number of jobs (thousand)

Median

Mean

10

20

25

30

40

60

70

75

80

90

North East

57

328

358

203

232

244

257

288

367

403

423

454

x

North West

154

347

419

216

250

269

282

311

384

432

462

487

582

Yorkshire and the Humber

128

355

381

225

257

272

288

319

390

423

450

476

573

East Midlands

101

358

382

221

258

273

288

317

386

429

449

473

566

West Midlands

131

351

388

226

259

272

285

319

394

429

460

486

576

East

131

365

460

229

272

286

300

333

410

454

475

506

617

London

273

471

532

270

326

350

380

424

528

584

626

674

864

South East

213

402

438

254

298

315

329

365

443

482

510

551

654

South West

116

351

392

226

260

275

289

320

392

436

461

481

575

Wales

65

336

382

226

245

263

276

305

378

418

444

476

x

Scotland

121

350

388

215

252

268

287

317

381

423

456

480

597

2005

Percentiles

Description

Number of jobs (thousand)

Median

Mean

10

20

25

30

40

60

70

75

80

90

North East

59

326

361

218

248

261

268

294

359

407

430

444

x

North West

166

355

415

220

255

272

286

317

395

448

478

503

610

Yorkshire and the Humber

134

353

381

225

253

270

284

319

385

427

445

477

571

East Midlands

108

362

395

229

261

280

299

324

399

433

463

498

594

West Midlands

139

356

419

230

264

277

291

321

392

441

468

493

597

East

145

374

415

242

275

291

307

336

408

460

490

514

625

London

286

489

560

286

343

367

389

441

552

625

671

728

920

South East

226

407

445

255

300

317

335

371

451

490

524

557

671

South West

126

364

407

240

269

286

300

332

396

442

463

494

575

Wales

67

325

368

220

249

260

272

292

358

420

451

475

x

Scotland

128

351

391

220

255

270

283

314

383

430

460

491

595

2006d

Percentiles

Description

Number of jobs (thousand)

Median

Mean

10

20

25

30

40

60

70

75

80

90

North East

57

335

390

239

265

275

288

311

382

437

459

495

x

North West

168

366

409

230

265

283

300

330

403

455

479

514

621

Yorkshire and the Humber

129

362

396

237

266

282

297

332

399

443

469

495

586

East Midlands

103

364

402

234

267

285

296

330

403

445

475

502

599

West Midlands

136

365

419

233

267

280

297

333

400

445

471

495

591

East

143

396

437

248

288

302

321

357

433

483

509

548

653

London

296

494

563

283

345

377

403

448

556

624

671

728

935

South East

219

412

454

258

300

318

337

374

455

500

526

568

692

South West

127

383

409

248

282

299

314

347

414

454

479

509

586

Wales

65

337

385

234

263

279

288

314

374

428

453

485

x

Scotland

124

367

406

226

260

278

292

334

412

462

490

522

613

2006e

Percentiles

Description

Number of jobs (thousand)

Median

Mean

10

20

25

30

40

60

70

75

80

90

North East

58

335

388

239

265

274

288

309

381

435

454

492

X

North West

169

366

407

230

266

284

300

329

401

452

477

511

618

Yorkshire and the Humber

131

361

395

238

266

283

297

328

397

441

466

492

588

East Midlands

103

363

399

235

268

285

296

326

402

440

471

498

594

West Midlands

136

365

419

234

267

280

297

333

400

445

471

495

589

East

143

393

433

249

288

300

319

355

430

479

507

545

650

London

296

493

561

282

345

376

402

447

555

620

670

724

932

South East

220

412

453

258

300

318

337

373

454

498

525

565

690

South West

127

383

407

247

281

299

313

345

412

453

479

508

586

Wales

66

336

384

234

263

279

288

313

373

427

448

485

x

Scotland

124

365

403

226

260

277

291

332

408

460

486

520

612

2007

Percentiles

Description

Number of jobs (thousand)

Median

Mean

10

20

25

30

40

60

70

75

80

90

North East

63

357

401

242

268

280

293

328

406

436

457

485

X

North West

172

379

414

237

272

288

305

345

412

459

494

519

623

Yorkshire and the Humber

133

384

424

247

287

299

313

353

427

479

504

528

624

East Midlands

104

383

414

250

289

303

316

352

419

457

477

502

598

West Midlands

141

374

407

244

276

288

301

333

408

450

479

506

606

East

148

398

437

255

290

305

323

356

440

493

517

556

656

London

307

502

574

294

357

383

410

458

556

632

671

732

930

South East

233

420

470

262

307

326

343

383

468

518

549

590

736

South West

127

384

414

253

288

304

323

352

423

461

488

521

601

Wales

70

345

390

240

271

281

294

312

380

431

454

479

x

Scotland

130

382

423

246

280

292

310

346

424

473

507

533

633

x = Unreliable.

a Employees on adult rates whose pay for the survey pay-period was not affected by absence.

There are two discontinuities in the ASHE results introduced by changes to the ASHE methodology. In 2004 supplementary information was included to improve coverage and in 2006 changes to the sample design were made to improve the quality of the estimates, (for more information see National Statistics website www.statistics.gov.uk).

b 2004 results (consistent with 2003 results).

c 2004 results (consistent with 2005 results).

d 2006 results (consistent with 2005 results).

e 2006 results (consistent with 2007 results).

Source:

Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, Office for National Statistics. 1997-2007

Weekly pay—gross (£)—for female full-time employee jobs by age 22 to 29a: United Kingdom

2003

Percentiles

Description

Number of jobs (thousand)

Median

Mean

10

20

25

30

40

60

70

75

80

90

North East

46

287

309

185

223

234

247

263

315

341

357

380

x

North West

131

299

331

194

224

235

250

275

338

375

395

421

492

Yorkshire and the Humber

104

304

332

202

230

244

253

276

346

379

397

421

482

East Midlands

84

300

332

199

225

235

249

269

341

380

398

422

495

West Midlands

108

293

333

193

221

235

248

273

325

375

397

422

500

East

105

323

351

204

237

251

267

296

357

389

408

444

535

London

257

423

462

258

307

326

346

389

463

504

533

559

670

South East

174

349

378

221

260

277

288

324

376

415

442

472

550

South West

89

299

328

204

230

240

252

273

330

373

386

406

468

Wales

48

293

324

198

219

229

241

262

319

369

390

405

x

Scotland

120

307

338

198

231

247

259

282

338

378

405

426

491

2004b

Percentiles

Description

Number of jobs (thousand)

Median

Mean

10

20

25

30

40

60

70

75

80

90

North East

50

296

325

198

225

237

255

273

332

364

384

403

x

North West

131

312

342

201

234

248

259

282

350

385

414

439

504

Yorkshire and the Humber

99

317

347

207

238

250

263

288

356

393

415

440

505

East Midlands

82

325

353

207

240

251

262

295

356

384

406

430

504

West Midlands

105

327

359

207

238

252

267

298

363

400

425

448

543

East

103

340

372

212

249

265

278

310

370

406

427

452

548

London

243

439

477

276

328

346

365

401

478

518

541

572

681

South East

161

366

397

231

269

285

302

336

399

438

456

486

580

South West

90

317

353

216

244

255

267

293

347

384

409

430

498

Wales

49

302

331

206

234

241

254

272

339

382

409

436

x

Scotland

121

326

359

213

241

256

269

293

369

414

439

458

522

2004c

Percentiles

Description

Number of jobs (thousand)

Median

Mean

10

20

25

30

40

60

70

75

80

90

North East

50

294

322

197

225

238

252

272

326

364

384

401

x

North West

136

309

337

201

234

246

259

282

342

384

412

430

494

Yorkshire and the Humber

102

316

346

205

233

249

259

288

356

393

415

440

506

East Midlands

83

313

340

205

236

246

257

284

348

376

395

422

x

West Midlands

108

325

356

202

235

250

265

291

356

394

425

448

543

East

105

333

362

210

244

260

275

306

364

400

425

449

530

London

258

432

467

270

320

342

356

393

470

509

537

563

672

South East

169

362

387

229

263

278

295

328

393

429

447

474

577

South West

94

314

346

210

238

250

263

288

340

379

395

422

494

Wales

52

293

328

207

231

239

250

267

322

378

396

428

x

Scotland

121

322

355

209

239

251

267

288

363

411

430

454

518

2005

Percentiles

Description

Number of jobs (thousand)

Median

Mean

10

20

25

30

40

60

70

75

80

90

North East

53

316

347

222

249

256

270

295

355

386

404

432

x

North West

147

326

364

218

245

259

269

299

369

418

436

464

544

Yorkshire and the Humber

111

316

350

208

238

252

263

288

355

399

421

449

527

East Midlands

85

327

357

222

249

261

276

296

363

398

423

453

521

West Midlands

115

328

361

211

242

255

269

293

365

402

427

458

526

East

114

340

373

220

247

255

272

307

374

422

446

479

564

London

295

441

473

267

316

338

358

395

479

529

556

585

689

South East

181

370

395

230

271

285

301

335

401

437

458

487

572

South West

107

323

355

217

250

258

270

297

357

393

412

441

523

Wales

55

291

327

213

237

249

258

274

326

367

398

422

499

Scotland

132

324

368

218

244

258

272

297

367

427

457

477

539

2006d

Percentiles

Description

Number of jobs (thousand)

Median

Mean

10

20

25

30

40

60

70

75

80

90

North East

55

317

352

224

255

268

274

295

348

394

423

453

518

North West

151

335

368

218

247

261

274

304

375

416

440

466

548

Yorkshire and the Humber

104

327

358

219

247

258

269

295

374

413

437

461

533

East Midlands

88

325

360

217

247

262

271

297

364

401

428

450

510

West Midlands

120

344

374

219

251

266

276

307

382

426

451

481

564

East

123

355

380

230

262

276

290

321

385

428

450

469

563

London

297

455

487

280

327

347

371

407

495

548

573

604

718

South East

188

374

399

240

275

290

307

341

403

454

475

498

576

South West

105

335

364

223

259

268

281

307

372

404

423

446

524

Wales

57

319

347

221

245

260

273

294

345

384

399

433

514

Scotland

122

346

387

226

255

269

284

312

386

447

473

500

584

2006e

Percentiles

Description

Number of jobs (thousand)

Median

Mean

10

20

25

30

40

60

70

75

80

90

North East

56

314

350

224

253

268

273

293

345

392

417

446

518

North West

150

333

367

219

247

260

273

303

369

414

438

463

546

Yorkshire and the Humber

105

326

357

219

247

257

269

293

367

408

436

461

529

East Midlands

88

326

360

218

247

263

273

299

365

401

428

450

510

West Midlands

121

340

372

219

251

266

277

307

380

422

444

476

557

East

123

354

378

230

263

276

290

321

384

426

449

469

562

London

296

454

486

280

328

347

371

406

493

547

573

600

717

South East

187

374

399

240

276

291

308

340

402

451

474

497

576

South West

106

334

362

223

259

268

280

306

367

403

419

442

524

Wales

58

319

347

221

245

260

273

294

345

383

399

430

513

Scotland

121

345

384

226

254

268

282

310

383

444

466

500

577

2007

Percentile

Description

Number of jobs (thousand)

Median

Mean

10

20

25

30

40

60

70

75

80

90

North East

50

326

357

230

257

269

279

298

359

386

406

436

x

North West

156

345

383

228

260

272

285

311

383

430

452

481

573

Yorkshire and the Humber

113

333

366

228

256

268

277

300

379

422

447

473

529

East Midlands

93

334

368

222

255

268

280

307

379

410

439

468

550

West Midlands

117

346

382

233

267

278

289

315

386

430

454

492

570

East

127

359

385

235

270

285

297

326

393

430

446

479

567

London

299

472

508

288

344

369

393

433

511

556

581

613

747

South East

189

384

409

242

285

300

316

348

412

457

483

510

596

South West

108

350

382

237

270

285

296

322

381

420

442

472

559

Wales

60

328

359

223

254

268

280

306

357

384

413

448

x

Scotland

124

349

382

227

259

274

288

318

382

434

457

484

576

x = Unreliable.

a Employees on adult rates whose pay for the survey pay-period was not affected by absence.

There are two discontinuities in the ASHE results introduced by changes to the ASHE methodology. In 2004 supplementary information was included to improve coverage and in 2006 changes to the sample design were made to improve the quality of the estimates, (for more information see National Statistics website www.statistics.gov.uk).

b 2004 results (consistent with 2003 results).

c 2004 results (consistent with 2005 results).

d 2006 results (consistent with 2005 results).

e 2006 results (consistent with 2007 results).

Source:

Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, Office for National Statistics. 1997-2007

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many people had annual employment incomes of (a) below £10,000, (b) between 10,000 and £30,000, broken down by £1,000 intervals, (c) between £31,000 and £100,000, broken down by £5,000 intervals, (d) between £100,000 and £500,000, broken down by £50,000 interval and (e) above £500,000 in the latest period for which figures are available. (196711)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician, who has been asked to reply.

Letter from Jil Matheson, dated 31 March 2008:

The National Statistician has been asked to reply to your recent Parliamentary Question asking how many people had annual employment incomes of (a) below £10,000, (b) between £10,000 and £30,000 broken down by £1,000 intervals, (c) between £31,000 and £100,000, broken down by £5,000 intervals, (d) between £100,000 and £500,000, broken down by £50,000 interval and (e) above £500,000 in the latest period for which figures are available. I am replying in her absence. (196711)

Annual average levels of earnings are estimated from the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE), and are provided for all employees on adult rates of pay who have been in the same job for more than 12 months. ASHE methodology cannot be used to provide estimates of the numbers of employees whose earnings are less than a specific amount, but can be used to provide estimates of percentages of employees in relevant categories. Estimates are for single jobs and not for total employment income.

I attach a table for 2007, showing the percentage of UK employees in the ranges stated.

The ASHE, carried out in April each year, is the most comprehensive source of earnings information in the United Kingdom. It is a sample of all employees who are members of pay- as-you-earn (PAYE) schemes.

Proportions of all employees1 average annual earnings in the UK for 2007

Percentage

<£10,000

18.9

£10,000 <£11,000

2.7

£11,000 <£12,000

2.9

£12,000 <£13,000

3.1

£13,000 <£14,000

3.0

£14,000 <£15,000

3.4

£15,000 <£16,000

3.4

£16,000 <£17,000

3.3

£17,000 <£18,000

3.2

£18,000 <£19,000

3.2

£19,000 <£20,000

3.0

£20,000 <£21,000

3.0

£21,000 <£22,000

2.7

£22,000 <£23,000

2.8

£23,000 <£24,000

2.5

£24,000 <£25,000

2.5

£25,000 <£26,000

2.4

£26,000 <£27,000

2.2

£27,000 <£28,000

2.1

£28,000 <£29,000

2.0

£29,000 <£30,000

1.9

£30,000 <£35,000

8.0

£35,000 <£40,000

5.6

£40,000 <£45,000

3.3

£45,000 <£50,000

2.1

£50,000 <£55,000

1.5

£55,000 <£60,000

1.0

£60,000 <£65,000

0.8

£65,000 <£70,000

**0.5

£70,000 <£75,000

**0.4

£75,000 <£80,000

**0.4

£80,000 <£85,000

**0.3

£85,000 <£90,000

**0.2

£90,000 <£95,000

**0.2

£95,000 <£100,000

**0.2

£100,000 <£150,000

0.8

£150,000 <£200,000

*0.2

£200,000 <£250,000

**0.1

£250,000 <£300,000

x

£300,000 <£350,000

x

£350,000 <£400,000

x

£400,000 <£450,000

x

£450,000 <£500,000

x

£500,000 +

**0.1

Summary table

Percentage

<£10,000

18.9

£10,000 <£30,000

55.3

£30,000 <£100,000

24.5

£100,000 +

1.3

1 Both full-time and part-time employees on adult rates who have been in the same job for more than one year.

* Coefficient of variation is >5% and <=10%

** Coefficient of variation is >10% and <=20%

x Coefficient of variation is >20%

Guide to quality:

The Coefficient of Variation (CV) indicates the quality of a figure, the smaller the CV value, the higher the quality.

The true value is likely to lie within +/- twice the CV, for example, for an average of 200 with a CV of 5%, we would expect the population average to be within the range 180 to 220.

Source:

Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, Office for National Statistics, 2007.