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Pakistan: Asylum

Volume 474: debated on Thursday 3 April 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what estimate his Department has made of the number of (a) refugees and (b) internally displaced people resident in (i) Pakistan and (ii) Tanzania in each year since 2000; and if he will make a statement. (197104)

The information requested is as follows:

Pakistan

Estimate of refugee numbers in Pakistan for each year since 2000 are as follows (figures collected by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees):

Number of refugees (million)

2000

1.2

2001

2.2

2002

1.9

2003

1.1

2004

1

2005

1.08

2006

1.04

2007

2.03

There are no comprehensive figures on internally displaced people in Pakistan during this period.

However, two recent humanitarian disasters in Pakistan led to the creation of IDPs over a short-term period. Approximately 250,000 were internally displaced following floods in the provinces of Balochistan and Sindh in June 2007 and as a result of the October 2005 earthquake, the estimates of IDPs were: 350,000 (2005); 297,000 (2006); 38,000 (2007) and 4.933 (as at 1 February 2008).

Tanzania

Estimate of refugee numbers in camps in Tanzania for each year since 2000 are as follows (figures collected by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees):

Number of refugees (thousand)

2000

510.9

2001

498.1

2002

519.4

2003

479.8

2004

403.9

2005

350.6

2006

287.1

2007

217.4

2008 (as at 29 February)

209.4

In addition to the numbers above, a further 218,000 Burundian refugees are also living outside camps in Tanzania.

Tanzania has no identified internally displaced people.