The most significant progress that has been made on education programmes in addressing the threat posed by HIV and AIDS has been through strengthening the content of education sector plans by more explicit reference to HIV prevention through curriculum reform, teacher training, peer education, etc.
A recent survey of 34 countries in Africa showed that all of these countries have a National HIV and AIDS policy and three quarters of them have an education sector specific HIV and AIDS strategy and plan. 30 countries are training teachers to protect themselves, and all countries participating in the survey are providing some HIV prevention education at primary and/or secondary levels.
More progress is needed in the establishment of effective monitoring and evaluation procedures. The Department for International Development routinely works with partner country governments to strengthen their monitoring and evaluation systems.