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Adoption

Volume 474: debated on Thursday 24 April 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families (1) how many children were (a) adopted and (b) taken into care in each year from 1978 to 2008; and if he will make a statement; (200993)

(2) how many children were taken into care in each local authority area in the latest year for which figures are available; what the rate was per 10,000 children in each such area; and if he will make a statement.

The information requested is as follows.

PQ 200993

Data on the number of children looked after by English local authorities who have been (a) adopted from care in each of the years ending 31 March 1995 to 2007, and (b) taken into care in each of the years ending 31 March 1996 to 2007 are shown in the following tables 1 and 2.

Table 1: Children looked after adopted during the years ending 31 March 1995 to 20071,2,3, England

Number

1995

2,000

1996

1,900

1997

1,900

1998

2,200

1999

2,100

2000

2,700

2001

3,100

2002

3,400

2003

3,500

2004

3,800

2005

3,800

2006

3,700

2007

3,300

1 Historical data may differ from older publications. This is mainly due to the implementation of amendments and corrections sent by some local authorities after the publication data of previous materials.

2 Between 1998 and 2000, the number of children adopted could only be estimated on the basis of a one-third sample as a proportion of the total number of children looked after. Since 2001 additional information has been collected on a 100 per cent. basis for looked after children who were adopted. Consequently, for 2001 to 2003, the exact number of adopted children is known and has been used to estimate the number of children in the age groups shown. These figures should therefore be treated with caution.

3 To maintain the confidentiality of each child, numbers below 1,000 have been rounded to the nearest 10 and numbers above 1,000 have been rounded to the nearest 100. As a consequence, figures may not sum to the total.

Source:

SSDA903 return on children looked after.

Table 2: Children looked after who were taken into care during the years ending 31 March 1996 to 20071,2,,3,4, England

Number

19965

5,800

19975

6,100

19986

7,100

19996

7,100

20006

7,700

20016

7,000

20026

7,400

20036

8,100

20046

7,500

20056

7,700

20066

7,700

20076

7,600

1 Only the first occasion on which a child started to be looked after in the year has been collected.

2 Figures exclude children looked after under an agreed series of short-term placements.

3 Children who are deemed to be “taken” into care are those who started to be looked after as the result of a care order (full or interim), police protection, emergency protection order or child assessment order.

4 To ensure that no individual can be identified from statistical tables, we use conventions for the rounding and suppression of very small amounts. All numbers which appear in national tables have been rounded to the nearest 100 if they exceed 1,000 and to the nearest 10 otherwise.

5 Figures are taken from the SSDA903 return which in 1996 and 1997 as well as since 2003-04 has covered all children looked after.

6 Figures are derived from the SSDA903 one-third sample survey.

Source:

SSDA903 return on children looked after.

PQ 201459

The information requested has been placed in the House of Commons Library.