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Crime

Volume 474: debated on Thursday 24 April 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice what the 10 most common (a) offences and (b) motoring offences were for which (i) men and (ii) women of each age group were (A) prosecuted, (B) convicted, (C) fined and (D) sent to prison in (1) Essex and (2) England and Wales in the last year for which figures are available. (198675)

Data showing the number of defendants proceeded against for the 10 most common offences in England and Wales and Essex, broken down by result, sex and age group are shown in the tables A1 and A2 as follows.

Available information on motoring offences for 2005 (latest available) is provided in the following tables B1 and B2. The data are based on the 10 most common offences proceeded against. Some of these cover more than one offence where the data reported centrally do not identify them separately. Data for 2006 will be available later this year.

Table A1: 10 most common offences proceeded against at the magistrates courts by result at all courts, sex and age-group for Essex police force area, 20061, 2

Number of offences

Male

All persons

Aged 10-17

Aged 18 and over

No.

Offence description

Total proceedings

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

17000

1

Motor vehicle licences; failure to pay appropriate duty.

4,521

1

3,604

3,151

3,119

19101

2

Television licence evasion.

3,112

1

1

1

1,126

951

949

16901

3

Offences in relation to railways

2,700

39

22

14

2,206

1,822

1,796

6

10501

4

Common assault & battery.

2,322

361

289

2

15

1,583

1,053

87

238

4600

5

Stealing from shops & stalls.

1,871

219

206

16

8

1,131

1,044

258

320

8301

6

Failing to surrender to bail

1,263

88

41

4

980

405

206

72

14900

7

Criminal damage, value £5,000 or less.

1,091

338

275

5

1

662

527

147

42

12512

8

Harassment, alarm & distress.

632

110

80

21

416

347

256

11606

9

Contravening the law relating to the regulation and control of fishing for salmon, trout, freshwater fish and eels etc.

533

531

507

496

17200

10

Other offences against revenue law (excluding failure to pay appropriate duty on motor vehicle licences).

515

355

264

264

Total

18,560

1,157

914

63

24

12,594

10,071

7,578

678

Number of offences

Female

Aged 10-17

Aged 18 and over

No.

Offence description

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

17000

1

Motor vehicle licences; failure to pay appropriate duty.

916

790

779

19101

2

Television licence evasion.

1

1

1

1,984

1,749

1,747

16901

3

Offences in relation to railways

11

10

8

444

359

357

10501

4

Common assault & battery.

127

104

1

251

168

6

17

4600

5

Stealing from shops & stalls.

96

88

2

1

425

377

64

90

8301

6

Failing to surrender to bail

13

6

1

182

74

41

9

14900

7

Criminal damage, value £5,000 or less.

37

33

54

38

7

1

12512

8

Harassment, alarm & distress.

35

28

5

71

59

37

11606

9

Contravening the law relating to the regulation and control of fishing for salmon, trout, freshwater fish and eels etc.

2

2

2

17200

10

Other offences against revenue law (excluding failure to pay appropriate duty on motor vehicle licences).

160

112

112

Total

320

270

17

2

4,489

3,728

3,152

117

1 The statistics relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences the principal offence is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe.

2 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

Table A2: 10 most common offences proceeded against at the magistrates courts, by result at all courts, sex and age-group for England and Wales, 20061, 2, 3

Number of offences

Male

All persons

Aged 10-17

Aged 18 and over

No.

Offence description

Total proceedings

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

1

Television licence evasion.

128,733

23

11

5

46,102

39,229

38,705

2

2

Motor vehicle licences; failure to pay appropriate duty.

114,039

76

37

26

93,048

82,393

81,577

3

Common assault & battery.

74,915

9,561

7,260

99

275

54,787

34,431

4,081

4,853

4

Stealing from shops & stalls.

64,401

5,950

5,324

352

146

42,615

39,050

7,447

9,071

5

Failing to surrender to bail.

47,780

3,213

1,451

352

29

37,621

22,438

10,941

2,664

6

Offences in relation to railways.

41,600

314

190

132

33,289

27,895

27,518

11

7

Criminal damage, value £5,000 or less.

38,632

9,705

7,558

278

30

25,163

19,893

5,124

1,000

8

Harassment, alarm & distress.

26,406

4,421

2,953

604

18,375

13,997

8,656

5

9

Assaults occasioning actual bodily harm.

25,747

3,715

2,627

16

363

18,730

11,733

428

3,599

10

Any other offences peculiar to stage carriages and public service vehicles not classified elsewhere1.

24,159

35

16

15

16,005

13,957

13,815

Total

586,412

37,013

27,427

1,879

843

385,735

305,016

198,292

21,205

Number of offences

Female

Aged 10-17

Aged 18 and over

No.

Offence description

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

1

Television licence evasion.

20

9

7

82,588

75,098

74,183

2

Motor vehicle licences; failure to pay appropriate duty.

7

4

3

20,908

18,304

18,076

3

Common assault & battery.

3,415

2,624

20

58

7,152

4,586

447

304

4

Stealing from shops & stalls.

2,355

2,074

68

25

13,481

12,088

1,692

1,924

5

Failing to surrender to bail.

619

276

47

3

6,327

3,399

1,569

356

6

Offences in relation to railways.

45

31

20

7,945

6,639

6,537

1

7

Criminal damage, value £5,000 or less.

1,432

1,077

13

2

2,332

1,706

240

42

8

Harassment, alarm & distress.

1,098

781

95

1

2,512

1,805

880

9

Assaults occasioning actual bodily harm.

1,096

780

3

56

2,206

1,347

22

188

10

Any other offences peculiar to stage carriages and public service vehicles not classified elsewhere1.

14

5

5

8,105

6,842

6,736

Total

10,101

7,661

281

145

153,556

131,814

110,382

2,815

1 Includes offences under the Road Transport (International Passenger Services) Regulations 1984, sections 12, 24(2), 24(3), 25, 60, 66(a-e) of the Public Passenger Vehicles Act 1981, the Public Service Vehicles (Condition of fitness, equipment, use and certification) Regulations 1981 and the Public Service Vehicles (Lost property) Regulations 1978.

2 The statistics relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences the principal offence is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe.

3 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

Table B1: 10 most common motoring offences proceeded against at the magistrates courts by result at all courts, sex and age-group for Essex police force area, 2005

Number of offences

Male

All persons

Aged 10-17

Aged 18 and over

No.

Offence description

Total proceedings

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

1

Speed limit offences

11,393

31

26

26

8,823

7,742

7,651

2

Using motor vehicles uninsured against third party risks

7,031

432

372

141

5,847

4,480

3,199

3

Motor vehicle licence - failing to pay appropriate duty

4,818

3

2

3,882

3,409

3,348

4

Driving, or causing or permitting another person to drive other than in accordance with licence

4,351

377

316

47

3,413

2,447

993

5

Other vehicle registration offences (excluding fraud & forgery)1

3,606

15

12

2

2,926

2,371

2,282

6

Vehicle test offences

2,864

98

67

6

2,436

1,529

649

7

Driving with alcohol in the blood above the prescribed limit

2,279

35

34

2

1

1,952

1,820

1,207

194

8

Other offences of neglect of traffic directions2

1,534

36

25

5

1,150

1,021

949

9

Other miscellaneous motoring offences3

1,473

13

7

5

1,176

681

623

10

Careless driving - without due care and attention or reasonable consideration for others

1,429

65

53

25

1,142

895

796

Number of offences

Female

Aged 10-17

Aged 18 and over

No.

Offence description

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

1

Speed limit offences

2,539

2,294

2,286

2

Using motor vehicles uninsured against third party risks

21

18

5

731

586

483

3

Motor vehicle licence - failing to pay appropriate duty

933

798

772

4

Driving, or causing or permitting another person to drive other than in accordance with licence

26

21

3

535

363

141

5

Other vehicle registration offences (excluding fraud & forgery)(1)

665

536

504

6

Vehicle test offences

1

1

329

233

86

7

Driving with alcohol in the blood above the prescribed limit

7

6

1

285

269

177

9

8

Other offences of neglect of traffic directions2

348

326

316

9

Other miscellaneous motoring offences3

1

1

283

152

145

10

Careless driving - without due care and attention or reasonable consideration for others

3

2

1

219

182

165

— = Nil.

1 Includes offences under SS34, 35, 37, 42, 43 46 & 59 of the Vehicle Excise and Registration Act 1994; S28A, S43C and S46A of the Vehicle Excise and Registration Act 1994 as added by the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005; Road Vehicles (Registration and Licensing) Regulations 2002; and Reg 35 of the End-of-Life Vehicles Regulations 2003.

2 Includes offences under SS35(1) & (2), 36(1) & 163(3) of the Road Traffic Act 1988; S28(3) Road Traffic Regulations Act 1984; and S6 Traffic Management Act 2004.

3 Includes offences under SS 13(1), 17(2), 18(4), 34(1), 71(1), 75(5), 76(1), 76(3), 83, 123(4), 135, 177 & Sch 1(6) of the Road Traffic Act 1988; SS 3(1)(a) & (b) of the Road Traffic (Foreign Vehicles) Act 1972; SS 35A(2),47(1), 47(3), 104, 112(4), 117 & Sch 12 Para 3(5) of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1994; Regs 3, 9, 22, 33, 83, 86 & 89 of the Road Vehicles (Construction and Use) Regulations 1986; Regs 7, 8, 23 27 & 28 of the End-of-Life Vehicle Regulations 2003; and S4BD of the Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1970.

Notes:

1. A person appearing in court can be dealt with for more than one offence at that appearance. The table shows the number of offences dealt with and not the number of persons appearing in court.

2. Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

Table B2: 10 most common motoring offences proceeded against at the magistrates courts by result at all courts, sex and age-group for England and Wales police force area, 2005

Number of offences

Male

All persons

Aged 10-17

Aged 18 and over

No.

Offence description

Total proceedings

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

1

Using motor vehicles uninsured against third party risks

392,635

19,704

16,498

6,474

336,534

246,030

181,328

2

Vehicle test offences

277,843

8,037

4,496

739

242,540

124,939

57,920

3

Driving, or causing or permitting another person to drive other than in accordance with licence

272,778

16,348

13,360

2,800

229,992

152,989

82,955

4

Speed limit offences

191,417

385

328

278

155,902

130,489

128,616

5

Motor vehicle licence - failing to pay appropriate duty

153,028

181

83

50

125,895

110,356

107,958

6

Other miscellaneous motoring offences1

112,157

360

225

100

89,895

58,256

54,024

7

Other vehicle insurance offences (except forgery etc)2

106,531

2,237

387

73

93,889

29,270

4,819

8

Driving with alcohol in the blood above the prescribed limit

81,805

1,464

1,405

242

66

70,811

67,530

49,054

3,852

9

Failing to produce driving licence

80,761

1,480

304

61

71,840

30,652

8,864

10

Driving whilst disqualified from holding or obtaining a licence

50,899

2,700

2,404

54

740

45,806

40,900

2,250

16,710

Number of offences

Female

Aged 10-17

Aged 18 and over

No.

Offence description

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

1

Using motor vehicles uninsured against third party risks

730

621

228

35,667

26,125

20,788

2

Vehicle test offences

252

150

23

27,014

14,654

6,355

3

Driving, or causing or permitting another person to drive other than in accordance with licence

680

589

100

25,758

17,368

9,134

4

Speed limit offences

25

21

19

35,105

29,553

29,313

5

Motor vehicle licence - failing to pay appropriate duty

12

8

4

26,940

23,438

22,840

6

Other miscellaneous motoring offences1

34

25

8

21,868

13,743

12,652

7

Other vehicle insurance offences (except forgery etc)2

72

15

10,333

3,042

384

8

Driving with alcohol in the blood above the prescribed limit

107

102

10

1

9,423

9,071

6,951

132

9

Failing to produce driving licence

42

8

1

7,399

3,231

813

10

Driving whilst disqualified from holding or obtaining a licence

23

19

2,370

2,163

158

447

— = Nil.

1 Includes offences under SS 13(1), 17(2), 18(4), 34(1), 71(1), 75(5), 76(1), 76(3), 83, 123(4), 135, 177 & Sch 1(6) of the Road Traffic Act 1988; SS 3(1)(a) & (b) of the Road Traffic (Foreign Vehicles) Act 1972; SS 35A(2),47(1), 47(3), 104, 112(4), 117 & Sch 12 Para 3(5) of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1994; Regs 3, 9, 22, 33, 83, 86 & 89 of the Road Vehicles (Construction and Use) Regulations 1986; Regs 7, 8, 23 27 & 28 of the End-of-Life Vehicle Regulations 2003; and S4BD of the Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1970.

2 Includes offences under SS147, 154(2), 165(3), 170(7) & 171(2); and the Motor Vehicles (Third Party Risks) Regulations 1972.

Notes:

1. A person appearing in court can be dealt with for more than one offence at that appearance. The table shows the number of offences dealt with and not the number of persons appearing in court.

2. It is known that for some police force areas, the reporting of court proceedings in particular those relating to summary motoring offences are less than complete.

3. Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.