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Young Offenders: Custodial Sentencing

Volume 475: debated on Monday 28 April 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice how many (a) 15, (b) 16 and (c) 17-year-olds were given custodial sentences in each police force area since 1997; and what the average length of sentences was. (200247)

The requested information is contained in the following tables.

Statistics for 2007 will be published in the autumn.

Persons aged 15 to 17 sentenced1 to immediate custody by police force area and age, England and Wales, 1997 to 2006

Number of persons

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

Force

15

16

17

15

16

17

15

16

17

15

16

17

15

16

17

Avon and Somerset

11

30

55

9

26

48

2

21

45

11

23

50

15

28

42

Bedfordshire

23

30

55

21

63

47

23

41

52

18

20

40

14

17

44

Cambridgeshire

13

21

45

8

25

44

15

28

48

13

20

40

15

30

28

Cheshire

13

41

58

18

29

60

21

27

63

19

30

56

16

36

58

City of London

2

Cleveland

24

50

73

19

30

77

17

30

66

22

33

62

15

22

41

Cumbria

15

23

28

10

17

45

16

16

38

16

20

35

18

33

38

Derbyshire

19

34

46

23

35

56

26

44

79

21

34

46

19

38

46

Devon and Cornwall

19

37

49

7

31

66

13

17

59

3

15

27

7

11

19

Dorset

4

12

28

5

13

32

15

16

30

10

13

20

5

7

19

Durham

18

36

41

20

31

67

30

54

67

13

32

52

13

28

42

Essex

30

65

91

19

62

112

26

37

83

30

49

59

31

63

104

Gloucestershire

2

4

43

7

4

26

3

10

24

6

16

36

6

12

12

Greater Manchester

90

182

316

94

182

290

117

185

280

127

170

275

128

220

287

Hampshire

23

33

85

22

66

73

41

93

120

59

72

111

34

53

90

Hertfordshire

9

14

37

6

13

26

5

18

34

3

23

48

13

18

34

Humberside

20

52

77

33

46

87

20

57

91

21

31

50

39

40

60

Kent

27

67

74

31

78

105

24

45

77

32

42

64

42

55

88

Lancashire

30

76

120

31

65

113

27

78

104

31

59

100

37

56

87

Leicestershire

56

72

100

26

63

110

28

69

95

30

50

86

47

46

77

Lincolnshire

10

46

6

9

29

10

4

30

3

9

29

3

19

33

Merseyside

34

64

112

24

67

115

30

74

83

44

81

113

49

83

124

Metropolitan Police

174

311

544

166

316

494

151

329

513

173

328

502

177

344

464

Norfolk

4

5

20

7

9

23

7

20

29

7

19

20

13

13

22

North Yorkshire

12

28

36

10

23

38

15

22

56

13

26

53

17

19

44

Northamptonshire

2

11

38

8

25

39

8

29

48

12

8

33

3

24

16

Northumbria

51

121

141

47

105

171

41

102

190

35

63

128

33

81

117

Nottinghamshire

42

72

125

37

76

113

43

64

120

42

55

115

49

50

87

South Yorkshire

53

67

133

41

59

124

20

56

110

43

67

100

36

58

85

Staffordshire

16

26

69

17

32

59

17

45

71

4

44

51

42

34

66

Suffolk

3

16

23

8

11

28

7

23

45

6

13

32

4

12

19

Surrey

7

17

16

6

16

19

10

17

1

13

16

10

13

25

Sussex

9

43

63

10

56

70

14

28

63

11

27

61

22

35

66

Thames Valley

8

43

80

14

47

73

12

38

83

34

61

98

25

61

87

Warwickshire

9

12

23

3

9

19

11

15

24

11

8

39

9

13

23

West Mercia

12

28

50

8

37

50

12

33

70

23

32

56

23

42

63

West Midlands

97

200

332

94

208

335

103

220

358

112

217

332

151

231

345

West Yorkshire

61

98

190

58

105

183

79

131

236

69

113

169

53

139

181

Wiltshire

1

14

20

9

12

18

5

19

25

5

15

30

5

5

15

Dyfed-Powys

3

9

19

5

3

16

3

3

24

1

11

17

8

11

7

Gwent

3

17

39

19

29

53

18

32

46

8

18

32

5

13

21

North Wales

6

11

31

7

13

31

14

19

36

7

28

30

23

18

29

South Wales

40

68

117

59

96

128

55

106

153

55

92

147

71

89

96

Number of persons

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

Force

15

16

17

15

16

17

15

16

17

15

16

17

15

16

17

Avon and Somerset

26

30

58

12

39

47

11

32

58

12

24

39

10

25

40

Bedfordshire

19

24

24

8

25

30

15

24

43

15

32

41

13

21

24

Cambridgeshire

7

23

34

15

30

48

7

23

39

14

13

23

11

24

21

Cheshire

15

27

51

14

50

42

15

19

48

22

42

78

27

41

52

City of London

1

1

Cleveland

12

33

47

10

26

41

15

17

33

8

28

29

15

31

26

Cumbria

15

25

23

12

14

23

10

18

38

6

18

19

9

17

36

Derbyshire

14

40

76

21

23

51

21

24

39

19

34

46

13

43

37

Devon and Cornwall

6

9

11

4

8

9

1

6

13

6

12

13

4

8

Dorset

14

13

29

10

11

16

10

12

12

6

11

21

9

8

23

Durham

12

23

30

13

23

31

6

15

25

10

19

31

17

11

16

Essex

37

57

95

40

46

78

25

66

84

28

48

63

39

52

65

Gloucestershire

13

13

8

3

17

17

11

11

29

12

16

20

7

24

19

Greater Manchester

113

190

238

90

148

218

106

155

236

74

158

230

112

151

233

Hampshire

47

55

86

22

41

67

33

59

79

30

47

81

31

67

83

Hertfordshire

13

23

44

12

24

34

7

17

43

14

39

32

11

19

39

Humberside

15

35

59

19

36

68

47

55

46

34

46

69

24

46

76

Kent

29

33

77

23

39

62

16

29

48

15

42

65

19

34

56

Lancashire

41

75

97

35

46

70

35

46

69

25

47

91

37

52

67

Leicestershire

25

45

94

22

34

72

17

38

60

15

28

42

13

31

35

Lincolnshire

12

15

17

3

18

31

6

6

17

9

4

15

2

5

9

Merseyside

32

74

94

43

59

123

34

63

103

44

66

100

49

65

97

Metropolitan Police

184

371

532

163

237

374

163

275

432

146

270

387

172

320

470

Norfolk

5

17

15

9

6

23

2

10

21

8

6

20

10

5

16

North Yorkshire

6

16

25

8

10

30

7

10

24

6

21

21

5

9

31

Northamptonshire

10

18

34

4

11

21

7

16

33

8

6

12

10

18

28

Northumbria

40

68

86

27

51

75

28

35

62

21

51

58

24

39

61

Nottinghamshire

47

72

98

42

59

100

28

68

75

42

60

97

39

52

77

South Yorkshire

33

55

99

28

47

100

26

52

85

20

52

105

16

47

85

Staffordshire

23

38

69

19

33

52

17

30

59

20

29

45

15

29

53

Suffolk

7

9

20

5

14

26

15

24

26

18

16

31

13

20

36

Surrey

4

9

20

4

25

11

3

11

22

8

15

13

5

14

20

Sussex

22

35

48

21

43

29

15

30

36

17

22

56

13

35

38

Thames Valley

26

53

117

22

33

66

13

29

64

9

27

61

23

39

64

Warwickshire

9

16

29

1

1

15

2

7

13

8

10

18

6

12

14

West Mercia

18

37

53

11

29

44

22

26

58

14

35

47

17

24

48

West Midlands

145

255

318

112

167

265

131

191

275

93

164

234

87

167

212

West Yorkshire

82

129

160

60

113

169

79

115

168

70

143

135

75

94

172

Wiltshire

11

15

17

5

16

12

7

9

23

3

14

9

2

11

23

Dyfed-Powys

5

12

7

6

8

2

3

9

1

3

12

3

6

17

Gwent

6

12

17

10

23

25

17

23

53

20

25

27

14

28

49

North Wales

13

27

27

17

25

32

8

22

42

16

20

38

22

25

41

South Wales

45

91

127

47

64

106

33

78

111

29

62

94

39

62

88

1 Principal offence basis.

Note:

These figures have been drawn from administrative data systems. Although care is taken when processing and analysing the returns, the detail collected is subject to the inaccuracies inherent in any large scale recording system.

Source:

Analytical Services, Ministry of Justice

Average determinate custodial sentence length1 for persons aged 15 to 17 sentenced to immediate custody by police force area and age, England and Wales, 1997 to 2006

Average custodial sentence length (months)

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

15

16

17

15

16

17

15

16

17

15

16

17

15

16

17

Avon and Somerset

16.2

9.3

8.0

9.3

8.9

8.9

4.0

10.9

8.7

5.9

9.9

7.2

8.5

13.0

8.0

Bedfordshire

6.7

6.9

5.0

11.5

6.1

7.9

7.2

8.7

7.2

4.6

16.8

9.8

10.1

7.2

13.1

Cambridgeshire

8.5

13.5

11.7

10.1

7.9

9.8

5.1

5.5

7.9

11.5

11.6

11.5

9.9

11.8

8.7

Cheshire

11.1

6.6

9.2

7.7

11.8

11.1

5.3

9.0

8.0

6.9

10.7

9.7

7.6

7.8

7.6

City of London

18.0

Cleveland

7.1

11.2

10.3

8.4

6.7

10.3

3.9

9.0

8.4

10.8

10.5

9.0

8.3

8.7

7.6

Cumbria

3.5

4.7

8.4

10.9

6.4

5.0

13.4

5.5

6.2

4.9

7.7

7.7

6.1

7.3

7.2

Derbyshire

8.7

8.3

11.1

12.3

10.1

7.7

11.5

10.8

10.1

8.2

8.6

8.0

8.7

7.2

10.2

Devon and Cornwall

10.1

7.4

11.4

14.3

5.9

7.8

7.4

9.5

6.9

6.3

7.3

6.8

17.4

14.5

22.8

Dorset

3.2

5.1

9.6

6.8

7.2

12.8

3.2

4.7

5.5

6.8

4.5

6.9

12.0

5.1

6.8

Durham

5.9

9.3

8.6

6.2

7.4

8.7

3.1

3.7

5.9

6.2

9.3

9.1

6.5

7.1

9.7

Essex

9.5

5.3

7.4

6.9

4.3

6.7

5.6

4.8

6.5

5.5

6.7

8.2

7.6

8.3

8.6

Gloucestershire

2.0

3.5

8.7

8.6

7.8

5.4

2.3

5.5

6.4

17.0

5.0

9.1

7.0

8.3

7.7

Greater Manchester

9.6

7.9

10.7

8.9

10.2

9.1

7.4

9.3

9.1

8.3

9.1

11.2

9.0

10.1

11.1

Hampshire

12.6

12.9

10.1

7.7

4.1

7.5

8.7

6.3

7.3

7.5

7.7

7.5

8.2

7.7

7.4

Hertfordshire

12.0

10.4

6.8

21.2

7.6

4.5

3.2

7.6

10.4

4.0

8.2

13.8

9.7

11.6

9.5

Humberside

6.4

9.6

7.5

6.9

8.8

9.3

6.0

8.0

9.8

11.1

10.7

11.4

9.1

9.0

8.0

Kent

9.1

8.0

8.6

9.1

6.4

6.1

4.6

6.1

7.4

12.0

7.5

9.3

6.1

9.7

7.3

Lancashire

14.6

7.9

7.7

8.0

8.1

6.9

11.6

8.3

11.2

7.5

7.3

8.7

8.9

8.1

9.3

Leicestershire

6.9

8.7

9.0

8.1

7.6

7.3

5.0

8.8

13.4

9.1

8.4

10.7

5.7

7.1

10.9

Lincolnshire

6.4

8.3

4.3

3.7

7.5

17.6

6.8

6.6

17.3

6.7

8.1

19.3

7.0

7.8

Merseyside

7.1

8.4

8.6

4.2

7.1

8.4

4.2

6.8

6.2

6.6

9.2

8.2

8.1

7.4

8.4

Metropolitan Police

16.5

15.5

13.1

9.1

11.3

12.0

9.9

9.9

11.9

9.4

11.5

12.3

8.6

11.6

11.0

Norfolk

3.8

10.0

9.2

5.8

3.0

8.6

2.9

4.9

5.7

4.6

7.5

9.5

5.1

5.5

6.5

North Yorkshire

7.0

4.5

6.2

4.2

5.0

8.8

8.3

6.0

6.2

7.4

6.3

8.0

12.6

10.8

11.7

Northamptonshire

5.0

5.5

8.4

7.9

10.6

8.3

7.2

8.1

8.9

5.8

13.0

11.5

4.7

20.3

16.6

Northumbria

6.1

10.0

9.7

4.5

7.1

7.3

4.4

7.1

7.6

9.3

8.3

9.8

9.9

10.2

10.5

Nottinghamshire

11.5

12.1

12.2

11.1

15.8

12.0

9.2

11.7

10.8

8.2

11.5

11.5

10.0

7.8

12.2

South Yorkshire

10.9

10.4

10.8

8.4

9.9

11.2

10.7

7.9

7.6

10.9

10.2

10.1

11.7

12.7

12.0

Staffordshire

7.5

7.5

7.8

4.5

9.8

7.5

7.9

6.7

7.3

19.0

9.8

10.9

7.0

7.0

9.8

Suffolk

20.0

6.5

8.8

8.5

4.2

12.0

5.5

6.5

7.7

8.0

10.6

9.9

5.5

12.0

9.9

Surrey

18.4

19.0

20.0

4.5

8.2

5.8

3.4

13.0

4.0

6.1

7.9

5.2

10.5

5.8

Sussex

4.7

6.2

7.8

2.8

6.1

7.2

11.6

11.0

8.7

5.9

11.3

11.2

7.6

7.7

8.6

Thames Valley

4.8

9.1

9.0

3.4

6.8

9.3

9.6

8.9

10.4

5.5

8.6

9.5

8.8

9.9

9.5

Warwickshire

4.4

6.5

8.2

2.3

10.9

12.3

7.6

7.9

10.5

7.6

5.5

13.3

14.2

10.8

17.1

West Mercia

8.6

11.6

14.3

6.4

10.0

11.1

7.2

8.4

9.2

7.5

10.8

12.9

7.0

7.9

10.3

West Midlands

10.1

8.6

9.8

9.8

9.9

10.2

8.0

8.8

8.3

8.1

8.2

10.7

8.5

9.3

9.8

West Yorkshire

9.4

10.0

9.2

8.7

8.7

10.7

8.9

8.2

10.3

8.5

12.1

11.0

8.4

10.4

11.9

Wiltshire

2.0

15.8

8.8

8.8

9.3

9.4

2.6

8.6

6.7

12.4

8.3

10.8

12.4

6.8

8.4

Dyfed-Powys

6.7

18.0

7.1

23.0

3.3

5.4

13.0

2.7

4.6

4.0

6.1

10.5

5.0

12.7

5.4

Gwent

5.0

13.3

5.3

8.1

5.1

8.2

5.2

3.5

5.5

9.8

17.4

6.2

15.2

12.2

13.9

North Wales

16.5

5.5

7.5

7.7

9.8

8.4

7.4

13.7

5.7

6.6

8.4

11.3

6.9

9.4

8.4

South Wales

6.4

8.7

9.9

6.8

8.3

7.7

6.8

7.1

7.8

7.2

9.0

10.3

7.7

8.2

8.2

Average custodial sentence length (months)

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

15

16

17

15

16

17

15

16

17

15

16

17

15

16

17

Avon and Somerset

7.5

12.2

13.6

9.5

7.4

9.3

9.5

11.4

12.2

8.7

7.8

10.2

8.2

10.2

8.4

Bedfordshire

12.9

10.8

18.1

9.8

14.4

12.6

9.2

9.9

11.6

10.1

8.9

12.7

11.5

11.0

12.6

Cambridgeshire

9.4

11.5

13.8

8.7

13.9

9.7

7.4

12.7

15.3

7.9

14.5

10.7

13.1

6.2

12.1

Cheshire

13.9

9.9

12.2

7.9

11.4

8.8

7.5

18.2

11.5

10.3

13.2

10.3

9.9

8.5

10.4

City of London

18.0

10.0

Cleveland

14.3

13.7

13.5

7.2

14.5

15.4

14.0

9.2

10.4

14.5

13.5

9.7

7.6

10.5

10.5

Cumbria

5.7

9.9

9.7

9.1

6.4

9.3

5.8

7.7

10.1

9.0

10.0

13.2

4.5

7.8

9.2

Derbyshire

9.7

11.4

11.8

10.6

11.7

12.2

7.3

8.3

16.3

9.6

8.9

8.6

11.1

8.5

9.2

Devon and Cornwall

14.3

19.0

12.2

5.0

14.4

22.2

24.0

20.7

24.5

14.7

19.5

19.8

13.0

22.5

Dorset

5.4

6.8

15.9

5.0

4.9

8.4

15.0

5.5

5.8

9.0

20.7

10.1

11.1

10.0

12.9

Durham

9.3

12.3

10.1

10.0

9.4

10.1

10.3

13.5

8.9

6.2

9.4

9.6

6.4

8.7

5.6

Essex

10.7

9.4

6.9

6.4

7.0

8.6

8.1

8.2

8.4

5.4

9.0

10.3

6.2

6.7

8.9

Gloucestershire

12.0

7.4

12.0

12.7

12.1

7.6

8.2

10.2

8.8

7.2

6.8

14.9

12.0

13.2

12.4

Greater Manchester

11.9

13.2

11.8

9.8

10.6

12.5

8.3

10.0

11.2

8.5

10.4

9.8

8.3

9.3

11.5

Hampshire

9.1

10.1

11.2

7.7

11.1

11.9

6.8

7.7

10.3

6.3

9.1

10.4

7.0

10.7

8.6

Hertfordshire

16.2

19.1

12.0

7.0

8.8

20.0

10.9

8.6

14.1

5.0

9.4

10.6

7.6

11.3

8.0

Humberside

6.5

11.3

13.4

7.6

9.4

10.0

9.8

9.7

11.5

7.2

7.7

10.5

6.8

10.4

11.8

Kent

9.1

10.2

9.2

8.3

9.1

10.3

9.6

9.8

9.4

9.7

10.7

10.0

8.0

10.9

12.6

Lancashire

11.2

10.4

10.5

7.3

9.4

10.1

10.9

10.3

10.4

8.2

8.6

13.9

7.8

8.8

12.9

Leicestershire

8.5

8.4

14.2

7.4

7.7

9.5

10.1

10.2

13.1

13.1

10.4

10.9

6.2

7.6

8.5

Lincolnshire

20.0

14.7

16.2

4.0

11.3

11.1

6.0

9.0

12.2

12.2

4.5

13.9

5.0

6.8

12.4

Merseyside

6.6

10.0

13.2

8.0

8.9

9.3

9.5

8.0

11.7

7.8

10.0

11.1

10.2

10.2

11.2

Metropolitan Police

12.3

10.6

14.4

12.0

12.9

14.1

11.3

13.3

15.9

10.8

11.9

14.2

10.4

13.2

15.9

Norfolk

6.4

10.0

8.7

7.8

9.7

12.2

5.0

6.6

10.1

7.2

27.0

8.5

6.2

15.2

8.2

North Yorkshire

9.7

15.2

11.0

12.2

10.8

8.3

9.7

7.4

8.8

13.6

11.9

10.6

12.0

10.4

12.0

Northamptonshire

10.6

13.3

9.4

6.0

7.1

8.8

19.4

10.6

10.5

10.8

8.7

17.2

9.8

13.9

15.9

Northumbria

11.4

8.6

11.2

7.6

8.4

10.8

14.8

7.8

9.4

9.4

11.9

11.3

7.4

7.5

8.7

Nottinghamshire

9.1

13.1

13.4

14.7

11.9

14.9

11.1

12.9

13.9

7.6

8.8

11.9

11.2

10.4

14.0

South Yorkshire

9.2

10.9

17.3

11.2

13.4

11.4

15.1

12.5

15.0

13.2

12.3

12.3

11.8

14.0

11.4

Staffordshire

7.7

9.6

9.0

8.4

9.3

8.5

7.2

11.7

8.8

9.3

9.2

9.6

11.6

9.3

7.7

Suffolk

9.1

20.3

13.4

6.8

7.3

12.5

8.0

8.1

10.5

5.6

5.8

7.7

6.6

6.5

9.7

Surrey

4.5

16.7

8.9

10.5

10.2

9.1

10.0

9.6

14.1

8.8

6.4

17.5

14.8

11.5

11.3

Sussex

7.6

7.7

14.9

10.8

8.9

11.2

7.9

11.9

11.7

6.5

12.1

11.2

7.5

11.7

12.2

Thames Valley

11.3

9.5

12.2

9.8

7.0

11.6

14.9

12.4

12.3

7.2

9.0

9.1

9.4

9.6

10.4

Warwickshire

15.6

9.5

13.8

4.0

12.0

12.3

24.0

14.0

9.8

6.2

25.8

11.1

38.8

19.0

14.9

West Mercia

8.9

10.3

8.7

9.8

7.6

8.6

7.9

9.8

9.6

9.0

7.9

7.2

6.2

8.2

10.8

West Midlands

9.6

9.7

10.8

8.6

9.9

10.7

8.9

8.6

10.9

8.4

10.1

10.2

8.4

11.2

11.2

West Yorkshire

9.7

11.1

13.4

9.9

9.7

11.5

9.2

11.9

12.5

7.5

11.9

12.2

8.4

10.3

11.5

Wiltshire

6.9

13.7

8.9

11.2

10.1

8.5

5.4

11.1

10.7

13.3

10.3

13.5

11.0

10.4

10.0

Dyfed-Powys

6.8

10.3

12.0

6.0

7.2

8.0

6.0

5.3

4.0

6.0

7.7

5.3

5.7

8.9

Gwent

6.3

13.5

11.8

15.8

11.8

10.4

8.4

9.7

11.7

7.3

8.7

9.6

6.4

7.8

8.8

North Wales

7.4

6.0

6.1

12.6

7.4

8.6

7.8

13.7

9.6

6.9

6.1

9.5

7.1

7.6

9.0

South Wales

10.1

10.5

11.2

8.0

10.3

7.6

7.2

10.1

10.1

7.0

8.5

8.7

7.2

8.5

8.9

1 Excludes life and indeterminate sentences.

Notes:

1. Small numbers of persons may result in unrepresentative average custodial sentence lengths. Where numbers are low, average custodial sentence lengths are susceptible to bias from individual cases and may not be representative of local sentencing practice.

2. These figures have been drawn from administrative data systems. Although care is taken when processing and analysing the returns, the detail collected is subject to the inaccuracies inherent in any large scale recording system.

Source:

Analytical Services, Ministry of Justice