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Children in Care

Volume 475: debated on Monday 28 April 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families (1) how many children in care were parents in each of the last 10 years; (201856)

(2) how many children in care committed suicide in each of the last 10 years.

Information on the number of mothers aged 12 and over who were looked after by English local authorities in each of the years ending 31 March 2005 to 2007 is shown in table A5 as follows. Table A5 is taken from the Statistical First Release (SFR 27/2007) entitled ‘Children looked after in England (including adoption and care leavers) year ending 31 March 2007’. The SFR is located at

http://www.dcsf.gov.uk/rsgateway/DB/SFR/s000741/index. shtml

and table A5 can be found within the first set of excel tables on the website.

Information on the number of children in care who committed suicide is not collected centrally by the Department.

Table A5: mothers aged 12 years and over looked after at 31 March 2005 to 2007 by age at 31 March, age at birth of first child, category of need, ethnic origin and placement1,2,3

England

Numbers

Percentage

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

2007

All females looked after at 31 March1,2

27,200

26,900

26,600

All mothers aged 12 years and over looked after at 31 March1,2

300

310

360

100

100

100

Age at 31 March (years)

300

310

360

100

100

100

12 to 14

10

20

30

3

6

8

15

40

40

40

14

12

12

16

90

100

100

29

31

29

17

160

160

190

54

51

52

18 and over

0

0

0

0

0

0

Age at birth of first child (years)4

*

310

360

*

100

100

12 to 14

*

40

40

*

11

11

15

*

60

70

*

19

19

16

*

70

80

*

23

21

17

*

40

50

*

11

14

18 and over

*

0

*

0

Birth date not reported

*

110

130

*

35

35

Category of need5

300

310

360

100

100

100

Abuse or neglect

140

160

180

48

50

51

Child’s disability

Parent’s illness or disability

10

10

4

2

Family in acute stress

30

30

30

10

11

9

Family dysfunction

50

50

70

16

17

19

Socially unacceptable behaviour

10

10

10

5

4

3

Low income

0

0

Absent parenting

50

50

60

17

15

16

Ethnic origin

300

310

360

100

100

100

White

190

190

230

63

61

63

Mixed

20

30

30

8

9

8

Asian or Asian British

10

2

Black or Black British

80

80

90

25

26

24

Other Ethnic groups

10

3

Placement

300

310

360

100

100

100

Foster placements

110

150

150

37

46

42

Placed for adoption

0

0

0

0

0

0

Placed with parents

20

20

20

8

6

5

Placed in the community

80

80

100

26

26

28

Secure units, children’s homes and hostels

60

50

60

20

15

17

Other residential settings

20

20

20

7

5

5

Residential schools

0

0

0

0

0

0

Missing—absent for more than 24 hours from agreed placement

Other placement

1 Source: SSDA903 return on children looked after.

2 Figures exclude children looked after under an agreed series of short term placements.

3 Historical data may differ from older publications. This is mainly due to the implementation of amendments and corrections sent by some local authorities after the publication date of previous materials.

4 Data on the first child’s date of birth was first collected in 2005-06.

5 The most applicable category of the eight “Need Codes” (i.e. the reason why the child is receiving social services) at the time the child was taken into care rather than necessarily the reason they are looked after.

To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families (1) how many young people in the care of a local authority went on to enter (a) further and (b) higher education in each local authority area in 2007; (202220)

(2) how many young people in the care of a local authority moved into (a) hostel and (b) bed and breakfast accommodation in each local authority area in 2007;

(3) how many young people in the care of a local authority were not in education, employment or training in each local authority area in 2007.

Information on the number of young people in the care of each local authority who went on to (a) further education and (b) higher education, as well as the number of young people who were not in education, employment or training is not collected centrally by the Department. However, information on the number of children who are now aged 19 who were looked after on 1 April 2004 but have since left care and are engaged in higher educational studies (i.e. studies beyond A level) or who are not in education, employment or training has been placed in the House of Commons Library (Table LAG1). Table LAG1 is taken from the Statistical First Release (SFR 27/2007) entitled ‘Children looked after in England (including adoption and care leavers) year ending 31 March 2007’. The SFR is located at http://www.dcsf.gov.uk/rsgateway/DB/SFR/s000741/index.shtml and table LAG1 can be found within the second set of Excel tables on the website. The measures that we are taking through the Care Matters White Paper and the Children and Young Persons Bill, such as requiring local authorities to pay a £2,000 bursary to care leavers who undertake a course in higher education and to provide a personal adviser for care leavers in education up to the age of 25, are designed to help them to achieve their full potential.

Information on the number of children looked after by English local authorities who moved into (a) children's homes and hostels and (b) independent living during the year ending 31 March 2007 has been placed in the House of Commons Library (Table 1). Where a child moved into either of the aforementioned placements on more than one occasion during the year, he or she has been counted only once.

Table 1: Children looked after who moved into (a) homes and hostels and (b) independent living during the year ending 31 March 20071, 2, 3, 4, 5. England

Numbers

Children looked after who moved into homes and hostels during the year1, 2, 3

Children looked after who moved into independent living during the year1, 2, 3

England

5,500

2,700

North East

320

60

Darlington

15

0

Durham

50

10

Gateshead

20

6

Hartlepool

6

6

Middlesbrough

10

6

Newcastle Upon Tyne

60

6

North Tyneside

30

6

Northumberland

30

6

Redcar and Cleveland

5

6

South Tyneside

25

5

Stockton-on-Tees

15

10

Sunderland

55

10

North West

1,030

380

Blackburn with Darwen

20

5

Blackpool

30

10

Bolton

40

10

Bury

5

10

Cheshire

50

20

Cumbria

20

10

Halton

10

6

Knowsley

25

10

Lancashire

120

35

Liverpool

65

15

Manchester

195

125

Oldham

50

6

Rochdale

40

10

Salford

55

25

Sefton

70

6

St. Helens

20

6

Stockport

50

15

Tameside

30

20

Trafford

25

6

Warrington

15

5

Wigan

40

15

Wirral

55

25

Yorkshire and the Humber

620

300

Barnsley

20

5

Bradford

80

35

Calderdale

40

6

Doncaster

65

10

East Riding of Yorkshire

55

6

Kingston Upon Hull, City of

50

20

Kirklees

30

10

Leeds

55

85

North East Lincolnshire

20

6

North Lincolnshire

25

5

North Yorkshire

35

10

Rotherham

30

10

Sheffield

65

85

Wakefield

35

15

York

20

6

East Midlands

350

180

Derby

45

5

Derbyshire

50

25

Leicester

30

10

Leicestershire

45

15

Lincolnshire

40

25

Northamptonshire

55

45

Nottingham

65

40

Nottinghamshire

15

15

Rutland

0

0

West Midlands

760

180

Birmingham

230

55

Coventry

40

20

Dudley

40

6

Herefordshire

15

6

Sandwell

45

10

Shropshire

30

15

Solihull

5

6

Staffordshire

100

10

Stoke-On-Trent

70

10

Telford and Wrekin

35

6

Walsall

35

10

Warwickshire

10

10

Wolverhampton

45

15

Worcestershire

50

10

East of England

370

230

Bedfordshire

30

15

Cambridgeshire

40

35

Essex

90

60

Hertfordshire

70

30

Luton

35

10

Norfolk

50

10

Peterborough

15

10

Southend-on-Sea

10

25

Suffolk

20

30

Thurrock

10

5

London

1,100

870

Inner London

490

360

Camden

35

15

City of London

6

10

Hackney

30

30

Hammersmith and Fulham

20

15

Haringey

55

20

Islington

30

20

Kensington and Chelsea

20

20

Lambeth

40

15

Lewisham

50

20

Newham

40

65

Southwark

50

70

Tower Hamlets

45

30

Wandsworth

40

5

Westminster

30

20

Outer London

610

520

Barking and Dagenham

15

55

Barnet

25

20

Bexley

6

25

Brent

40

6

Bromley

30

10

Croydon

145

60

Ealing

40

35

Enfield

20

25

Greenwich

60

60

Harrow

15

20

Havering

5

5

Hillingdon

100

160

Hounslow

25

6

Kingston upon Thames

10

10

Merton

6

0

Redbridge

30

6

Richmond Upon Thames

10

6

Sutton

10

15

Waltham Forest

15

6

South East

570

300

Bracknell Forest

10

6

Brighton and Hove

20

20

Buckinghamshire

35

15

East Sussex

30

6

Hampshire

105

25

Isle Of Wight

5

10

Kent

100

5

Medway Towns

5

5

Milton Keynes

25

20

Oxfordshire

35

45

Portsmouth

20

10

Reading

10

15

Slough

10

5

Southampton

35

15

Surrey

50

70

West Berkshire

6

10

West Sussex

60

15

Windsor and Maidenhead

6

6

Wokingham

10

5

South West

410

190

Bath and North East Somerset

10

6

Bournemouth

5

6

Bristol, City of

45

10

Cornwall

60

25

Devon

60

15

Dorset

10

25

Gloucestershire

45

15

Isles Of Scilly

0

0

North Somerset

6

6

Plymouth

15

15

Poole

6

10

Somerset

85

20

South Gloucestershire

6

6

Swindon

6

25

Torbay

20

10

Wiltshire

30

15

1 Source: SSDA903 return on children looked after.

2 Children looked after at any time during the year ending 31 March.

3 Figures exclude children looked after under an agreed series of short term placements.

4 To ensure that no individual can be identified from statistical tables, we use conventions for the rounding and suppression of very small numbers. All numbers which appear in the national summary tables have been rounded to the nearest 100 if they exceed 1,000 and to the nearest 10 otherwise. Numbers from one to five inclusive have been suppressed, being replaced in the table by a 6. At local council level the England totals have been rounded either to the nearest 10, or the nearest 100 following the rule outlined above. Regional totals and totals for the number of children placed outside England have been rounded to the nearest 10. All other numbers have been rounded to the nearest five, and numbers from one to five inclusive have been suppressed, being replaced in the published table by a 6.

5 Where a child has moved into (a) a home or hostel or (b) independent living on more than one occasion during the year, he or she has been counted only once.

6 Numbers from one to five.