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Employment

Volume 475: debated on Monday 12 May 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions pursuant to his statement of 16 January 2008, Official Report, column 944, that there was record employment under Labour, including record numbers of British jobs, how many (a) people and (b) working age people were in employment in each year since 1997; what the (i) employment rate and (ii) working age employment rate was of (A) the UK population, (B) UK citizens, (C) UK born citizens and (D) non-UK citizens in each year; what the figures were in each quarter since 1 January 2006; and if he will make a statement on Government targets for the employment rate in the UK. (181903)

The information requested, as well as information on all those aged 16 and over in employment, is given in the following tables.

The Government's aim is to maximise employment opportunity for all, with a long-term aspiration of an employment rate of 80 per cent.

Table A: UK population

(i) Employment rate (percentage)

(ii) WA employment

(iii) 16+ employment

Q2 1997

72.90

25,700,000

26,500,000

Q2 1999

73.90

26,300,000

27,100,000

Q2 2001

74.50

26,900,000

27,700,000

Q2 2002

74.50

27,000,000

27,900,000

Q2 2003

74.80

27,300,000

28,200,000

Q2 2004

74.70

27,400,000

28,400,000

Q2 2005

74.70

27,700,000

28,700,000

Q1 2006

74.60

27,800,000

28,900,000

Q2 2006

74.60

27,800,000

29,000,000

Q3 2006

74.50

27,900,000

29,000,000

Q4 2006

74.50

27,900,000

29,100,000

Q1 2007

74.30

27,900,000

29,100,000

Q2 2007

74.40

27,900,000

29,200,000

Q3 2007

74.40

28,000,000

29,200,000

Q4 2007

74.70

28,100,000

29,400,000

Table B: UK Nationals

(i) Employment rate (percentage)

(ii) WA employment

(iii) 16+ employment

Q2 1997

73.2

24,600,000

25,400,000

Q2 1999

74.3

25,100,000

25,900,000

Q2 2001

75.0

25,500,000

26,200,000

Q2 2002

75.0

25,500,000

26,400,000

Q2 2003

75.3

25,600,000

26,500,000

Q2 2004

75.1

25,600,000

26,600,000

Q2 2005

75.2

25,600,000

26,600,000

Q1 2006

74.9

25,500,000

26,600,000

Q2 2006

74.8

25,400,000

26,500,000

Q3 2006

75.2

25,600,000

26,700,000

Q4 2006

75.0

25,400,000

26,600,000

Q1 2007

74.6

25,200,000

26,400,000

Q2 2007

74.8

25,200,000

26,400,000

Q3 2007

75.3

25,400,000

26,600,000

Q4 2007

75.5

25,400,000

26,700,000

Table C: UK Born

(i) Employment rate (percentage)

(ii) WA employment

(iii) 16+ employment

Q2 1997

73.5

23,600,000

24,400,000

Q2 1999

74.6

24,100,000

24,800,000

Q2 2001

75.4

24,400,000

25,200,000

Q2 2002

75.3

24,400,000

25,200,000

Q2 2003

75.7

24,500,000

25,300,000

Q2 2004

75.5

24,500,000

25,400,000

Q2 2005

75.6

24,400,000

25,400,000

Q1 2006

75.3

24,300,000

25,300,000

Q2 2006

75.2

24,200,000

25,200,000

Q3 2006

75.7

24,300,000

25,400,000

Q4 2006

75.5

24,200,000

25,300,000

Q1 2007

75.0

24,000,000

25,100,000

Q2 2007

75.2

23,900,000

25,100,000

Q3 2007

75.6

24,100,000

25,200,000

Q4 2007

75.9

24,100,000

25,300,000

Table D: Foreign nationals

(i) Employment rate (percentage)

(ii) WA employment

(iii) 16+ Employment

Q2 1997

60.3

930,000

960,000

Q2 1999

60.0

980,000

1,000,000

Q2 2001

61.5

1,150,000

1,190,000

Q2 2002

62.0

1,230,000

1,270,000

Q2 2003

62.6

1,320,000

1,350,000

Q2 2004

64.8

1,430,000

1,460,000

Q2 2005

63.8

1,520,000

1,550,000

Q1 2006

66.9

1,690,000

1,720,000

Q2 2006

67.8

1,760,000

1,800,000

Q3 2006

68.9

1,830,000

1,870,000

Q4 2006

68.6

1,880,000

1,930,000

Q1 2007

66.7

1,900,000

1,940,000

Q2 2007

67.8

2,010,000

2,050,000

Q3 2007

68.4

2,020,000

2,060,000

Q4 2007

68.1

2,080,000

2,110,000

Notes:

1. Figures are rounded to the nearest 100,000 (in the case of foreign nationals to the nearest 10,000).

2. Tables B to D are not seasonally adjusted. This means direct comparisons between different quarters are not possible.

3. The figures in Table A are seasonally adjusted headline employment figures based on population estimates published in 2006.

4. In order to provide the more detailed breakdown that is required to answer the second part of the question in Tables B to D, it is necessary to use data that are based on population estimates made in 2003—these are the latest estimates available for use in respect of particular categories of the labour force such as migrants. The figures in Table A are based on population estimates published in 2006 and as such the figures presented in Tables B to D are not directly comparable to the figures in Table A. The totals for the UK population as a whole—Table A—will not be equal to the sum of the numbers shown for UK and foreign nationals—Tables B and D respectively. In May 2008, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) will be releasing re-weighted data based on 2007 population estimates, which will lead to some changes in the figures in the tables.

5. Tables B to D exclude individuals whose nationality is unknown.

6. As these figures are based on a sample survey they are also subject to sampling variability.

7. It should be noted that the nationality question in the LFS is an undercount because: it excludes those who have not been resident in the UK for six months; it excludes students in halls who do not have a UK resident parent; it excludes people in most other types of communal establishments (e.g. hotels, boarding houses, hostels, mobile home sites, etc); it is grossed to population estimates that only include migrants staying for twelve months or more.

Source:

Labour Force Survey (LFS).