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Children: Disabled

Volume 476: debated on Thursday 22 May 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions how many children with a disability were categorised as materially deprived in each year since 1997; and what proportion of children in each age group this represented in each such year. (204650)

Being in material deprivation and low income is defined as being in a household with a household income of less than 70 per cent. of contemporary median income and a material deprivation score of greater than 25. Full details of the way scores are constructed are available in the public service agreement document ‘Halve the number of children in poverty by 2010-11, on the way to eradicating child poverty by 2020’ which can be found at

The available data are shown in the following tables.

Table 1: Number of children with a disability and material deprivation, UK in households in low income


Number of children






Households Below Average Income , 2004-05 to 2005-06

Table 2: Children with a disability in households in low income and material deprivation as a proportion of all children by age band, UKPercentageAge0 to 45 to 1011 to 1516 to 182004-0511212005-061121 Notes:1. The reference period for Households Below Average Income figures is single financial years.2. A child is defined as anyone aged under 16 or an unmarried 16 to 18-year-old in full-time non-advanced education.3. Information on households in low income and material deprivation is only available from 2004-05.4. The income measures used to derive the estimates shown employ the same methodology as the Department for Work and Pensions publication ‘Households Below Average Income’ (HBAI) series, which uses disposable household income, adjusted (or “equivalised”) for household size and composition, as an income measure as a proxy for standard of living.5. Low income and material deprivation is one of the three indicators for measuring child poverty. The other two measures are absolute low income, which includes households with incomes below 60 per cent. of the median income held constant in real terms from a 1998-99 baseline, and relative low income, which includes households with incomes below 60 per cent. contemporary median income.6. Children with a disability are children with a long-standing illness, disability or infirmity, and who have a significant difficulty with day-to-day activities. Everyone in this group would meet the definition of disability in the Disability Discrimination Act (DDA), but these estimates do not reflect the total number of children covered by the DDA as the Family Resources Survey, the source of the HBAI series, does not fully collect this information.7. The figures are based on OECD equivalisation factors.8. Numbers of children have been rounded to the nearest 100,000 children, while proportions of children have been rounded to the nearest percentage point.9. Small year-on-year movements should be treated with caution as these will be affected by sampling error and variability in non-response.Source:Households Below Average Income, 2004-05 to 2005-06