Skip to main content

Colorectal Cancer

Volume 476: debated on Thursday 22 May 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Health how many deaths resulting from colorectal cancers there were in each year between 2002 and 2007 in each region; what per capita figure for the whole population this figure represents; and what five year survival rates were in each year in each region. (206692)

I have been asked to reply.

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the UK Statistics Authority. I have asked the Authority to reply.

Letter from Karen Dunnell, dated 22 May 2008:

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your recent question asking how many deaths resulting from colorectal cancers there were in each year between 2002 and 2007 in each region; what per capita figure for the whole population this figure represents; and what five year survival rates were in each year in each region. (206692)

The tables attached provide the number of deaths where colorectal cancer was the underlying cause of death in each English government office region by sex (table 1), and age standardised mortality rates for each English government office region by sex (table 2), for 2002 to 2006 (the latest year available).

The latest relevant five year survival rates that are available are five year age-standardised relative survival rates by government office region, for cancer of the colon, for adult patients diagnosed during 1997-1999 and followed up to the end of 2004. These figures, and comparable figures for patients followed up to the end of 2002 and 2003, are available to download from the National Statistics website at:

http://www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/Product.asp?vlnk=11991

Five year survival rate figures are not available for colorectal (bowel) cancer or cancer of the rectum.

Table 1. counts of deaths where colorectal cancer was the underlying cause of death,1 English government office regions, 2002-062,3

Deaths (persons)

Sex

Region

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

Male

North East

421

416

400

466

414

North West

1,012

975

1,028

1,024

982

Yorkshire and the Humber

758

725

700

726

716

East Midlands

618

665

608

612

596

West Midlands

767

770

821

797

782

East of England

749

759

789

750

761

London

772

733

675

647

696

South East

1,089

1,073

1,106

1,124

1,138

South West

799

767

819

792

788

England

6,985

6,883

6,946

6,938

6,873

Female

North East

340

328

336

324

292

North West

836

815

799

858

815

Yorkshire and the Humber

643

612

604

576

581

East Midlands

542

531

518

494

486

West Midlands

632

626

636

643

647

East of England

732

674

706

661

664

London

696

663

721

642

653

South East

1,027

1,062

1,002

1,049

1,118

South West

753

708

710

739

739

England

6,201

6,019

6,032

5,986

5,995

1 Cause of death for colorectal cancer was defined using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes C18-C20.

2Based on boundaries as of 2008.

3Figures are for deaths registered in each calendar year.

Table 2. Age-standardised mortality rates per 100,000 population1,2 where colorectal cancer was the underlying cause of death,3 English government office regions, 2002-064,5

Rate per 100,000 population

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

Sex

GOR

Rate

95% CI

Rate

95% CI

Rate

95% CI

Rate

95% CI

Rate

95% CI

Male

North East

28

(25-30)

27

(24-30)

25

(23-28)

29

(26-31)

25

(23-27)

North West

25

(24-27)

24

(23-26)

25

(24-27)

25

(23-26)

23

(22-25)

Yorkshire and the Humber

26

(24-28)

24

(22-26)

23

(21-24)

23

(21-25)

22

(21-24)

East Midlands

24

(22-26)

25

(23-27)

23

(21-24)

22

(20-24)

21

(19-22)

West Midlands

24

(22-26)

24

(22-26)

25

(24-27)

24

(22-25)

23

(21-25)

East of England

22

(21-24)

22

(20-23)

22

(20-23)

21

(19-22)

20

(19-22)

London

23

(21-24)

22

(20-23)

20

(18-21)

19

(17-20)

20

(18-21)

South East

22

(21-23)

21

(20-22)

21

(20-23)

21

(20-23)

21

(20-23)

South West

23

(22-25)

22

(20-23)

23

(21-24)

21

(20-23)

21

(19-22)

England

24

(23-24)

23

(22-24)

23

(22-23)

22

(22-23)

22

(21-22)

Female

North East

15

(13-17)

14

(13-16)

14

(13-16)

14

(13-16)

13

(11-14)

North West

14

(13-15)

14

(13-14)

14

(13-15)

15

(14-16)

14

(13-15)

Yorkshire and the Humber

15

(14-16)

14

(13-15)

13

(12-14)

13

(12-14)

13

(12-14)

East Midlands

15

(14-16)

15

(14-17)

14

(13-15)

14

(12-15)

13

(12-14)

West Midlands

14

(13-15)

14

(13-15)

14

(13-15)

14

(13-15)

13

(12-15)

East of England

15

(14-16)

14

(13-15)

15

(14-16)

13

(12-14)

13

(12-14)

London

14

(13-15)

13

(12-14)

15

(14-16)

13

(12-14)

13

(12-14)

South East

14

(13-15)

14

(13-15)

14

(13-14)

14

(13-15)

15

(14-16)

South West

15

(14-16)

14

(13-15)

13

(12-14)

14

(13-15)

14

(13-15)

England

14

(14-15)

14

(14-14)

14

(14-14)

14

(13-14)

13

(13-14)

1 Age-standardised mortality rates per 100,000 population, standardised to the European Standard Population. Age-standardised rates are used to allow comparison between populations which may contain different proportions of people of different ages.

2 Confidence intervals (CIs) are a measure of the statistical precision of an estimate and show the range of uncertainty around the estimated figure. Calculations based on small numbers of events are often subject to random fluctuations. As a general rule, if the confidence interval around one figure overlaps with the interval around another, we cannot say with certainty that there is more than a chance difference between the two figures.

3 Cause of death for prostate cancer was defined using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes C18-C20.

4 Based on boundaries as of 2008.

5 Figures are for deaths registered in each calendar year.