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Reoffenders

Volume 476: debated on Monday 2 June 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice how many prisoners sentenced for violence against the person, sexual offences, or robbery (a) re-offended after release and (b) were released on home detention curfew in each of the last 10 years for which figures are available. (206497)

The number of adult prisoners discharged in the first quarters of 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004 and 2005 and sentenced for violence against the person, robbery or sexual offences who reoffended within one year of release are shown in the following table.

Total number of offenders, number of offenders that reoffended within one-year and one-year reoffending rates for violence against the person, robbery and sexual offences, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004 and 2005 cohorts

Q1

2000

2002

2003

2004

2005

Violence

Total number of offenders

2,661

2,518

2,460

2,813

2,959

Number of offenders that reoffend

1,004

1,035

985

1,097

1,137

Reoffending rate (percentage)

37.7

41.1

40.0

39.0

38.4

Robbery

Total number of offenders

661

628

710

742

664

Number of offenders that reoffend

275

249

288

264

204

Reoffending rate (percentage)

41.6

39.6

40.6

35.6

30.7

Sexual

Total number of offenders

353

347

355

456

486

Number of offenders that reoffend

54

49

53

61

74

Reoffending rate (percentage)

15.3

14.1

14.9

13.4

15.2

Further information on the latest reoffending statistics, and on frequency and severity of re-offending is given in the publication “Re-offending of adults: new measures of re-offending 2000-2005 England and Wales”, available from the Ministry of Justice website:

http://www.justice.gov.uk/docs/re-offending-adults-2000-05.pdf

Figures showing the numbers of prisoners released on home detention curfew from all prisons in England and Wales in each year since 1999 when HDC started can be found in the following table:

Released on home detention curfew

Original offence

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

Violence against the person

Numbers released

2,577

2,990

2,854

3,693

3,564

3,157

3,204

2,490

Population in sentence length band

6,788

7,875

8,121

8,235

8,740

9,093

10,064

9,840

Percentage released

38

38

35

45

41

35

32

25

Sexual Offences

Number released

24

29

17

20

8

6

2

0

Population in sentence length band

1,120

1,326

1,197

1,193

1,238

1,162

1,236

1,203

Percentage released

2

2

1

2

1

0.5164

0.1618

0

Robbery

Number released

598

689

631

916

1257

961

901

709

Population in sentence length band

1,740

2,057

2,146

2,376

2,877

2,527

2,451

2,284

Percentage released

34

33

29

37

44

38

37

31

The figures are taken from annual volumes of the publication “Offender Management Caseload Statistics” (previously “Prison Statistics England and Wales”). Figures on sex offenders for 2004 were provided by My hon. Friend the then Under-Secretary of State for Justice (Mr. Sutcliffe) to the hon. Member for Taunton (Mr. Browne) on 15 May 2007, Official Report, columns 686-87W. Copies of these publications are available from the House of Commons Library and at:

http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/prisonand probation.htm

Since March 2001 offenders required to register under the Sex Offenders Act 1997 (now replaced by part 2 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003) have been statutorily excluded from HDC. Prisoners serving sentences for sexual offences that are not subject to registration are presumed unsuitable for HDC unless there are exceptional circumstances.

As noted in the footnote to published tables, the reasons for recall from home detention curfew are sometimes presented as the reason for the original imprisonment. Further investigations suggest that around 5 per cent. of offence types recorded do not relate to the offence for which they were sentenced and subsequently released on home detention curfew, but relate to offences committed after release from prison and before the licence expiry date for their sentence.

These figures have been drawn from administrative IT systems. Although care is taken when processing and analysing the returns, the detail collected is subject to the inaccuracies inherent in any large-scale recording system, and although shown to the last individual the figures may not be accurate to that level.