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Employment

Volume 477: debated on Friday 13 June 2008

To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (1) how many (a) men and (b) women were in work in (i) Jarrow constituency, (ii) South Tyneside, (iii) the North East and (iv) the UK in 2007-08; (206761)

(2) how many (a) men, (b) women and (c) single parents were unemployed in (i) Jarrow constituency, (ii) South Tyneside, (iii) the North East and (iv) the UK in 2007-08;

(3) how many single parents were in work in (a) Jarrow constituency, (b) South Tyneside, (c) the North East and (d) the UK in 2007-08.

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the UK Statistics Authority. I have asked the Authority to reply.

Letter from Karen Dunnell dated 13 June 2008:

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your parliamentary questions asking: how many (a) men and (b) women were in work in (i) Jarrow constituency, (ii) South Tyneside, (iii) the North East and (iv) the UK in 2007-08; how many (a) men, (b) women and (c) single parents were unemployed in (i) Jarrow constituency, (ii) South Tyneside, (iii) the North East and (iv) the UK in 2007-08; and how many single parents were in work in (a) Jarrow constituency, (b) South Tyneside, (c) the North East and (d) the UK in 2007-08. (206761, 206775 and 206774).

The Office for National Statistics compiles labour market statistics for local areas from the Annual Population Survey (APS) following International Labour Organisation definitions. Estimates for single parents are compiled from the Quarterly Labour Force Survey (LFS) household datasets.

Table 1, attached, shows the number of men and women aged 16 and over, resident in the Jarrow constituency, South Tyneside, the North East and the UK who were in employment in 2007. Table 2, attached, shows the number of men and women aged 16 and over, resident in the Jarrow constituency, South Tyneside, the North East and the UK who were unemployed in 2007. Estimates are obtained from the APS for the 12 month period ending in September 2007, which is the most recent period for which estimates are available. Estimates for the North East and UK have been provided from the APS for consistency with the estimates for Jarrow and South Tyneside. These will differ from figures published in the Labour Market First Release which are based on Labour Force Survey data.

Table 3, attached, shows the number of single parents aged 16 plus, with dependent children, resident in the Jarrow constituency, South Tyneside, the North East and the UK who were in employment and unemployed in 2007. Estimates are obtained from the LFS household dataset for April-June 2007, which is the most recent period for which estimates are available.

As these estimates are for a subset of the population in small geographical areas, they are based on small sample sizes, and are therefore subject to large margins of uncertainty.

In order to produce estimates for small geographical areas, LFS household and APS estimates are provided based on survey microdata. The LFS household datasets are consistent with the UK population estimates published in February and March 2003, whereas APS datasets are consistent with the latest population figures, so the two are not directly comparable. LFS household datasets reweighted to the latest population estimates are currently expected to be available in summer 2008.

Table 1: Number1 of persons employed aged 16 plus by gender and region

Thousand

12 months ending September 2007

Male

Female

Jarrow

20

17

South Tyneside

34

30

North East

618

545

UK

15,691

13,351

1 Weighted to 2007 population estimates. Source: Annual Population survey.

Table 2: Number1 of persons unemployed2 aged 16 plus by gender and region

Thousand

12 months ending September 2007

Male

Female

Jarrow

1

1

South Tyneside

4

2

North East

49

30

UK

918

685

1 Weighted to 2007 population estimates. 2 Number of unemployed people measured using the internationally agreed definition recommended by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) Source: Annual Population survey.

Table 3: Number1 of employed and unemployed2 lone parents aged 16 plus with dependent children3

Thousand

April-June 2007, not seasonally adjusted

Employed

Unemployed

Jarrow

1

4

South Tyneside

2

4

North East

44

4

UK

1,049

113

1 Estimates are weighted to the 2003 population estimates. 2 Number of unemployed people measured using the internationally agreed definition recommended by the International Labour Organisation (ILO). 3 Dependent children are those aged under 16 and those aged 16-18 who are never-married and in full-time education. 4 Sample size too small to provide an estimate. Source: LFS Household datasets.

To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster what the (a) employment rate and (b) the number in employment of the working age population was for (i) the UK population of working age, (ii) foreign nationals of working age, (iii) UK nationals of working age and (iv) UK-born workers of working age in each year since 1997 according to the Office for National Statistics’ reweighted statistics; what the difference in figures for each such category was as a result of the reweighting; and what the figures were in each quarter since 1 January 2005. (208688)

[holding answer 5 June 2008]: The information requested falls within the responsibility of the UK Statistics Authority. I have asked the authority to reply.

Letter from Karen Dunnell, dated 13 June 2008:

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your Parliamentary Question asking what a) the employment rate and b) the number in employment of the working age population was for (i) the UK population of working age, (ii) foreign nationals of working age, (iii) UK nationals of working age, (iv) UK born workers of working age in each year since 1997 according to the Office for National Statistics’ reweighted statistics; what the difference in figures for each such category was as a result of the reweighting; and what the figures were in each quarter since 1 January 2005. [208688]

The National Statistics approach to presenting the number of migrant workers employed in the UK was, on 20 May 2008, brought into line with the definitions used more widely for Labour market statistics and is now based on the number of people at a given time who were born outside the UK, aged 16 or over, and in employment. However, because you have requested that the estimates are provided on the basis of working age, nationality and UK born, your question has been answered on this basis.

Table 1 presents figures for the April to June quarters from 1997 to 2004, for the UK, Non UK and total working age population, by nationality and country of birth. These figures are provided using the population estimates published in 2003 and 2007. Table 1 also shows the same information for each quarter from January to March 2005 to January to March 2008. Table 2 shows the differences between the 2003 and 2007 weighted figures provided in Table 1.

As with any sample survey, estimates from the Labour Force Survey are subject to a margin of uncertainty.

Table 1: People in employment and employment rate of working age1 by nationality and UK born2 in the United Kingdom—not seasonally adjusted

Thousand and percentage

Total population

UK nationals

2003 weights3

2007 weights3

2003 weights3

2007 weights3

Levels

Rate

Levels

Rate

Levels

Rate

Levels

Rate

April-June 1997

25,544

73

25,631

73

24,609

73

24,686

73

April-June 1998

25,752

73

25,858

73

4

4

24,821

74

April-June 1999

26,060

74

26,206

74

25,084

74

25,212

74

April-June 2000

26,387

74

26,564

74

4

4

25,456

75

April-June 2001

26,607

74

26,810

74

25,452

75

25,629

75

April-June 2002

26,735

74

26,967

74

25,499

75

25,701

75

April-June 2003

26,935

75

27,201

75

25,614

75

25,843

75

April-June 2004

27,015

74

27,354

74

25,585

75

25,883

75

January-March 2005

27,148

75

27,591

75

25,607

75

25,996

75

April-June 2005

27,136

74

27,607

75

25,615

75

26,032

75

July-September 2005

27,386

75

27,900

75

25,828

76

26,276

76

October-December 2005

27,207

75

27,741

75

25,587

75

26,048

75

January-March 2006

27,182

74

27,733

74

25,491

75

25,969

75

April-June 2006

27,187

74

27,775

74

25,430

75

25,938

75

July-September 2006

27,384

75

28,000

75

25,554

75

26,085

75

October-December 2006

27,323

75

27,957

75

25,437

75

25,991

75

January-March 2007

27,126

74

27,776

74

25,223

75

25,794

75

April-June 2007

27,226

74

27,895

74

25,205

75

25,784

75

July-September 2007

27,444

75

28,146

75

25,414

75

26,023

75

October-December 2007

27,513

75

28,232

75

25,428

75

26,050

76

January-March 2008

4

4

28,131

75

4

4

25,870

75

Thousand and percentageNon UK nationalsUK born2003 weights32007 weights32003 weights32007 weights3LevelsRateLevelsRateLevelsRateLevelsRateApril-June 1997934609436023,6387423,71074April-June 19984—4—1,036604—4—23,84574April-June 1999976609936024,0567524,17375April-June 20004—4—1,108604—4—24,43875April-June 20011,153621,1796224,4317524,59475April-June 20021,234621,2646224,4267524,61175April-June 20031,321631,3586324,4737624.69276April-June 20041,429651,4696524,4717624,76276January-March 20051,541661,5946624,4727624,85176April-June 20051,518641,5726424,4447624,84976July-September 20051,558651,6236524,6157625,05276October-December 20051,619661,6926624,3767624,82576January-March 20061,689671,7646724,2617524,72475April-June 20061,756681,8376824,1777524,67075July-September 20061,828691,9136924,3327624,84976October-December 20061,882691,9626924,2077524,74476January-March 20071,899671,9786723,9787524,52975April-June 20072,014682,1036823,9487524,50875July-September 20072,020682,1136924,1047624,69476October-December 20072,077682,1736824,1117624,71876January-March 20084—4—2,254694—4—24,54775 1 Working age is 16-59 for females and 16-64 for males.2 The LFS may undercount the certain groups because:it excludes students in halls of residence who do not have a UK resident parentit excludes people in most types of communal establishments (e.g. hotels, boarding houses, hostels, mobile home sites)it is grossed to population estimates that only include long term migrants (staying 12 months or more)3 The 2003 population weights were used to weight LFS until 14 May 2008. The 2007 weights have been used to weight the LFS from 14 May 2008.4 Estimates are not available for this period.Source:Labour Force Survey (LFS)

Table 2: Differences as a result of reweighting, for people in employment and employment rate of working age1 by nationality and UK born2 in the United Kingdom as a result of reweighting—not seasonally adjusted

Thousand and percentage

Total population differences

UK nationals differences

Non UK nationals differences

UK born differences

Levels

Rate

Levels

Rate

Levels

Rate

Levels

Rate

April-June 1997

87

0.0

77

0.0

10

-0.1

72

0.0

April-June 1998

106

0.0

4

4

4

4

4

4

April-June 1999

145

0.0

128

0.0

17

0.1

117

0.0

April-June 2000

177

0.0

4

4

4

4

4

4

April-June 2001

203

0.0

177

0.0

27

0.1

163

0.0

April-June 2002

232

0.0

202

0.1

30

0.1

185

0.1

April-June 2003

266

0.0

229

0.0

38

0.1

219

0.0

April-June 2004

338

0.0

299

0.0

40

0.0

291

0.0

January-March 2005

444

0.0

389

0.1

53

0.0

379

0.0

April-June 2005

471

0.0

417

0.0

54

0.1

405

0.0

July-September 2005

513

0.1

448

0.1

65

0.2

437

0.1

October-December 2005

534

0.1

461

0.1

73

0.1

449

0.1

January-March 2006

552

0.0

477

0.0

74

0.1

463

0.0

April-June 2006

588

0.1

508

0.1

80

0.2

493

0.1

July-September 2006

616

0.1

531

0.1

85

0.3

517

0.1

October-December 2006

634

0.1

553

0.1

80

0.1

537

0.1

January-March 2007

650

0.1

571

0.1

79

0.2

551

0.1

April-June 2007

668

0.1.

579

0.1

89

0.2

561

0.1

July-September 2007

702

0.1

609

0.1

93

0.2

590

0.1

October-December 2007

719

0.1

622

0.1

96

0.2

606

0.1

January-March 2008

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

1 Working age is 16-59 for females and 16-64 for males.

2 The LFS may undercount the certain groups because:

it excludes students in halls of residence who do not have a UK resident parent

it excludes people in most types of communal establishments (e.g. hotels, boarding houses, hostels, mobile home sites)

it is grossed to population estimates that only include long term migrants (staying 12 months or more)

3 The 2003 population weights were used to weight LFS until 14 May 2008. The 2007 weights have been used to weight the LFS from 14 May 2008.

4 Estimates are not available for this period

Source:

Labour Force Survey (LFS)