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Crimes of Violence: Convictions

Volume 478: debated on Monday 23 June 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice how many convictions there were for (a) murder, (b) rape and (c) violence against the person in Crown courts in England and Wales since 1997 broken down by (i) year and (ii) age of defendant. (212128)

The number of defendants found guilty at all courts for offences relating to (a) murder, (b) rape and (c) violence against the person in Crown courts in England and Wales since 1997 broken down by (i) year and (ii) age of defendant can be viewed in the following table.

These data are on the principal offence basis. The figures given in the table on court proceedings relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offence for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences, the offence selected is the one for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe.

Court proceedings data for 2007 will be available in the autumn of 2008.

Number of defendants found guilty at Crown courts, for offences relating to murder, rape, and violence against the person, by age groups, England and Wales, 1997 to 20061, 2, 3

Murder

Rape

Violence against the person

10-17

18 and over

10-17

18 and over

10-17

18 and over

1997

26

249

47

467

619

12,034

1998

10

246

23

547

623

11,165

1999

24

228

40

517

591

10,610

20004

20

241

34

481

661

10,930

2001

27

258

33

458

608

11,468

2002

20

304

23

525

696

12,432

2003

9

268

26

556

569

12,826

2004

13

348

27

614

607

13,001

2005

26

368

66

619

565

13,245

2006

19

353

63

683

526

13,418

1 Data are on the principal offence basis.

2 Data include the following statutes and corresponding offence descriptions, or offences comprising :

Common Law. Offences against the Person Act 1861 Sec 1, 9, 10.

Murder of persons aged one year or over.

Murder of infants under one year of age.

Sexual Offences Act 2003 S.I

Rape of a female aged under 16.

Rape of a female aged 16 or over.

Rape of a male aged under 16.

Rape of a male aged 16 or over

Sexual Offences Act 2003 S. 5

Rape of a female child under 13 by a male

Rape of a male child under 13 by a male

Violence against the person includes:

Murder

Attempted Murder

Manslaughter, etc

Aggravated vehicle taking

Wounding or other act endangering life

Endangering railway passenger

Endangering life at sea

Other wounding etc.

Cruelty or neglect of children

Abandoning children under two years

Child abduction

Procuring illegal abortion

Concealment of birth

3 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts, and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

4 Staffordshire police force were only able to supply a nine per cent. sample of data for magistrates courts proceedings covering one full week in each quarter for 2000. Although sufficient to estimate higher orders of data and to contribute to national totals, these data are not robust at a detailed level and are not included in this analysis.

Source:

Court proceedings data held by CJEA—Office for Criminal Justice Reform—Ministry of Justice.