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Wind Power

Volume 478: debated on Monday 23 June 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform what rate of installation of off-shore wind turbines will be required to meet the Government's 25 gigawatt target for renewable power generation; and if he will make a statement. (212415)

The Government do not have a target for 25 GW of renewable power generation.

At the spring European Council in March 2007, EU Heads of Government agreed to a target to supply 20 per cent. of the EU's energy—heat, electricity and transport—from renewable sources by 2020. Agreement has not yet been reached on the contribution that each member state will make towards this EU target. The Commission has proposed a UK target that 15 per cent. of its energy should come from renewable sources but agreement has not yet been reached.

On 10 December 2007, the Government announced the launch of a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) on a draft plan for up to 25 GW (installed capacity) of new offshore wind farms by 2020. Depending on the results of the SEA and the magnitude of impacts identified, the Government take a decision on what the acceptable level of offshore wind development is.

Developers would then be required to bid for site leases through leasing competitions to be held by the Crown Estate and, if successful, conduct their own site evaluations and undertake an Environmental Impact Assessment before applying for the necessary development and environmental consents to build an offshore wind farm.

The number of offshore wind turbines therefore required up to 2020 will depend on the outcome of the SEA, a future decision by the Government on the level of offshore wind generation, and on the size of turbines selected by developers for specific sites.

To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform how many wind farm sites there were in the United Kingdom in each of the last 10 years; what the location is of each; what total installed wind turbine capacity was in each such year; what forecast he has made of such capacity in each of the next 10 years; and if he will make a statement. (212416)

According to the British Wind Energy Association, the total number of operational wind farms in the United Kingdom, at the end of each year was as follows:

Number

1998

42

1999

47

2000

58

2001

66

2002

77

2003

85

2004

97

2005

118

2006

140

2007

169

There are currently 175 operational wind farms in the UK (June 2008).

The location and capacity of all wind of the 175 wind farms is:

Online

Wind farm

Location

MW capacity

pre 98

Novar

Highland

17

pre98

Llyn Alaw

Anglesey

20.4

pre 98

Harlock Hill

Cumbria

2.5

pre 98

Rheidol

Ceredigion

2.4

pre 98

Lynch Knoll

Gloucestershire

0.5

pre 98

Oldside

Cumbria

5.4

pre 98

Carno 'A1 and 'B'

Powys

33.6

pre 98

Siddick

Cumbria

4.2

pre 98

Windy Standard

Dumfries and Galloway

21.6

pre 98

Trysglwyn

Gwynedd

5.6

pre 98

Owenreagh

Co Tyrone

5

pre 98

Slieve Rushen

Co Fermanagh

5

pre 98

Hagshaw Hill

South Lanarkshire

15.6

pre 98

Bessy Bell

Co Tyrone

5

pre 98

Elliot's Hill

Co Antrim

5

pre 98

Rigged Hill

Co Londonderry

5

pre 98

Four Burrows

Cornwall

4.5

pre 98

Dyffryn Brodyn

Ceredigion

5.5

pre 98

Bryn Titli

Powys

9.9

pre 98

St Breock

Cornwall

4.95

pre 98

Corkey

Co Antrim

5

pre 98

Royd Moor

South Yorkshire

6.5

pre 98

Kirkby Moor

Cumbria

4.8

pre 98

Taff Ely

Rhondda Cynon Taff

9

pre 98

Ovenden Moor

West Yorkshire

9.2

pre 98

Goonhilly Downs

Cornwall

5.6

pre 98

Cold Northcott

Cornwall

6.8

pre 98

Blyth Harbour

Northumberland

2.7

pre 98

Chelker Reservoir

North Yorkshire

1.2

pre 98

Blood Hill

Norfolk

2.25

pre 98

Coal Clough

Lancashire

9.6

pre 98

Llandinam P and L

Powys

30.9

pre 98

Rhyd-y-Groes

Ceredigion

7.2

pre 98

Garland Cross

Cornwall

6

pre 98

Delabole

Cornwall

4

pre 98

Black Scout Wind Farm

Lancashire

1.97

pre 98

Carhill Wind Turbine

Co Londonderry

0.23

pre 98

Paul's Hill extension

Moray

9

1998

Slievenahanaghan

Co Antrim

1

1998

Hafoty Ucha 1

Gwynedd

0.6

1998

Haverigg II

Cumbria

2.4

1998

Mynydd Gorddu

Ceredigion

10.2

1999

Winscales

Cumbria

1.98

1999

Eco Tech Centre

Norfolk

1.5

1999

Askam

Cumbria

4.62

1999

Beinn Ghlas

Argyll and Bute

8.4

1999

Royal Seaforth Dock

Merseyside

3.6

2000

Burra Dale

Shetland Islands

1.98

2000

Blyth Offshore

Northumberland

3.8

2000

Hare Hill

East Ayrshire

13

2000

Sigurd

Orkney

1.3

2000

Lambrigg

Cumbria

6.5

2000

Somerton

Norfolk

1.5

2000

Dun Law

Scottish Borders

17.6

2000

Kirkheaton

Northumberland

1.8

2000

Lowca

Cumbria

4.62

2000

Lendrum's Bridge Phase I

Co Tyrone

5.94

2000

Great Orton II

Cumbria

3.96

2001

Myres Hill

East Renfrewshire

1.9

2001

Beinn an Tuirc

Argyll and Bute

30

2001

High Hedleyhope

County Durham

2.25

2001

Tow Law

County Durham

2.3

2001

Deucheran Hill

Argyll and Bute

15

2001

Bears Down

Cornwall

9.6

2001

Sainsburys, Langlands Park

South Lanarkshire

0.6

2001

Pare Cynog

Carmarthenshire

3.6

2002

Hafoty Ucha 2 extension

Gwynedd

1.7

2002

Moel Maelogen

Conwy

2.6

2002

Tangy

Argyll and Bute

12.75

2002

Lendrum's Bridge Phase II

Co Tyrone

7.26

2002

Bowbeat

Scottish Borders

31.2

2002

Mablethorpe

Lincolnshire

1.2

2002

Blaen Bowi

Carmarthenshire

3.9

2002

Thorfinn, Burgar Hill

Orkney

2.75

2002

Cemmaes

Powys

15.3

2002

Out Newton

Humberside

9

2002

Bu Farm

Orkney

2.7

2003

High Volts (3Hs)

County Durham

8.25

2003

North Hoyle

Denbighshire

60

2003

Beaufort Court (RES Office)

Hertfordshire

0.225

2003

Swaffham Extension

Norfolk

1.8

2003

Altahullion Phase I

Co Londonderry

26

2003

Forss 1 , Hill of Lybster

Highland

2.32

2003

Burra Dale Extension

Shetland Islands

1.7

2003

Mawla (Moel Maelogen)

Conwy

1.3

2004

Gigha Community

Highland

0.675

2004

Causeymire

Highland

48

2004

Bambers Farm

Lincolnshire

1.2

2004

Hare Hill (3Hs)

County Durham

5.5

2004

Castle Pill Farm

Pembrokeshire

0.5

2004

Cruach Mhor

Argyll and Bute

29.75

2004

Crystal Rig

Scottish Borders

50

2004

Holmside Hall (3Hs)

County Durham

5.5

2004

Ford Motors

London

3.6

2004

Scroby Sands

Norfolk

60

2004

Ardrossan

North Ayrshire

24

2004

Llangwyryfon

Ceredigion

9.35

2005

Nissan Motors Plant

Tyne and Wear

3.96

2005

Green Park

Berkshire

2

2005

Coldham

Cambridgeshire

16

2005

Kentish Flats

Kent

90

2005

Boulfruich

Highland

13

2005

Black Law A (Part of Black Law 1)

South Lanarkshire

97

2005

Tir Mostyn and Foel Goch

Denbighshire

21.25

2005

Glens of Foudland

Aberdeenshire

26

2005

Artfield Fell

Dumfries and Galloway

19.5

2005

Rothes (Cairn Uish)

Moray

50.6

2005

Cefn Croes (inc Devils Bridge, Bryn Du NFFO Contract)

Ceredigion

58.5

2005

Long Hill Road

Cambridgeshire

2

2005

Forest Moor

Devon

2.7

2005

Haverigg III

Cumbria

3.4

2005

Tappaghan Mountain

Co Fermanagh

19.5

2005

Winscales extension

Cumbria

6.8

2005

Antrim Area Hospital

Co Antrim

0.66

2005

Burray

Orkney

0.85

2005

The Abbey Group - Ramsey Site

Cambridgeshire

0.225

2005

Ness Point

Suffolk

2.75

2005

Spurness Wind Farm

Orkney

11

2006

North Pickenham Windfarm

Norfolk

14.4

2006

Bambers Farm II

Lincolnshire

4.8

2006

Eastman (Voridian)

Cumbria

4

2006

Black Law B (Part of Black Law 1)

South Lanarkshire

27.6

2006

Beinn Tharsuinn

Highland

30

2006

Caton Moor Repowering

Lancashire

16

2006

Barrow

Cumbria

90

2006

Gedney Marsh (Red House)

Lincolnshire

12

2006

Deeping St Nicholas

Lincolnshire

16

2006

Ffynnon Oer

Neath Port Talbot

32

2006

Wardlaw Wood (Dairy Community Windfarm)

North Ayrshire

18

2006

Farr Windfarm

Highland

92

2006

Michelin Tyre Factory

Dundee City

4

2006

Boyndie Airfield

Aberdeenshire

20

2006

Burton Wold Wind Farm

Northamptonshire

20

2006

Paul's Hill

Moray

55.2

2006

Mynydd Clogau

Powys

14.45

2006

Glass Moor

Cambridgeshire

16

2006

Hadyard Hill, Barr

South Ayrshire

120

2006

Findhorn Foundation

Moray

0.75

2006

Callagheen

Co Fermanagh

16.9

2006

Hafoty Ucha 3 extension

Gwynedd

0.85

2007

Ben Aketil

Highland

23

2007

McCains Foods

Cambridgeshire

9

2007

Greendykeside Wind Farm

South Lanarkshire

4

2007

Wolf Bog

Co Antrim

10

2007

Altahullion Phase II

Co Londonderry

11.7

2007

Stags Holt

Cambridgeshire

18

2007

Burbo Bank

Merseyside

90

2007

Craig Wind Farm

Dumfries and Galloway

8

2007

Wharrels Hill

Cumbria

10.4

2007

Bin Mountain

Co Tyrone

9

2007

Fintry (The FREE Turbine)

Stirling

2.5

2007

Bristol Port Wind Park Ltd

Gloucestershire

6

2007

Earlsburn

Stirling

35

2007

Forss, extension Hill Of Lybster

Highland

5.2

2007

Lough Hill Resubmission

Co Tyrone

7.8

2007

Beatrice

Offshore

10

2007

Hill of Balquhindachy

Aberdeenshire

0.85

2007

Hill of Eastertown

Aberdeenshire

1.7

2007

Crystal Rig 1a

Scottish Borders

12.5

2007

Wether Hill

Dumfries and Galloway

18.2

2007

Ransonmoor Farm

Cambridgeshire

10

2007

Dummuie

Aberdeenshire

10.4

2007

WWU High Pow

Cumbria

3.9

2007

Red Tile

Cambridgeshire

24

2007

WWA High Sharpley

County Durham

2.6

2007

Black Hill

Scottish Borders

28.6

2007

Braes O' Doune

Stirling

72

2007

WWB Burgar Hill

Orkney

5

2007

WWP Hameldon Hill

Lancashire

4.5

2008

Bessy Bell Extension

Co Tyrone

9

2008

Conisholme Fen Re-submission

Lincolnshire

16

2008

Minsca Farm

Dumfries and Galloway

36.8

2008

Slieve Rushen Repowering

Co Fermanagh

54

2008

Westmill

Oxfordshire

6.5

2008

Braich Ddu Farm

Gwynedd

4.5

Therefore, based on these figures, the installed capacity for the past 10 years is:

Total (MW)

1998

314.8

1999

334.9

2000

396.9

2001

462.15

2002

552.51

2003

654.1

2004

892.18

2005

1,339.87

2006

1,964.82

2007

2,418.67

The Department does not produce forecasts for wind generation over the next 10 years. Scenarios on future growth of wind farms are being made as part of the renewables energy strategy consultation document which is due for publication later this summer and will appear on the BERR website.

To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform how many applications for establishment of wind farm sites he (a) received, (b) accepted and (c) rejected in the last 12 months; and if he will make a statement. (212434)

Since the beginning of June 2007:

(a) Three applications in respect of onshore wind farms (Llanbadarn Fynydd, Llaithddu and Llandinam) and three applications for offshore wind farms (Gunfleet Sands II, Ormonde and Humber Gateway) have been received by BERR. In addition, the Secretary of State has received the Inspector's report on the appeal in respect of a wind farm adjacent to the Alcan Smelter, Lynemouth. That case will be jointly determined with the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government.

(b) Three applications for onshore wind farms (Fullabrook Down, Keadby and Tween Bridge) and three applications for offshore wind farms (Teesside, Walney and Gunfleet Sands II) have been granted consent by the Secretary of State.

(c) No applications have been refused consent by the Secretary of State. One application for an onshore wind farm (Orby Marsh) was withdrawn by the developer.