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Sudan: Peace Negotiations

Volume 478: debated on Thursday 26 June 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what assessment he has made of the risk of the conflict in Darfur affecting the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan; and if he will make a statement. (213281)

The conflict in Darfur has drawn national and international attention away from implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). The census carried out in April and May was a milestone in preparing for elections, but high numbers of people displaced by conflict pose significant challenges to achieving free and fair elections.

The CPA is the bedrock for future peace and stability throughout Sudan. The conflict in Darfur will not be resolved without successful implementation of the CPA. We are working with all parties and international partners to implement the CPA, end the conflict in Darfur and to bring lasting peace to Sudan.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what assessment he has made of the effect of the recent clashes in the Abyei area of Sudan on (a) the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan and (b) the conflict in Darfur; and if he will make a statement. (213285)

The fighting in Abyei in mid-May posed a serious threat to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). The National Congress Party and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement have shown their commitment to the CPA by agreeing on 8 June a road map to resolve the Abyei dispute.

The CPA is the bedrock for future peace and stability throughout Sudan. The conflict in Darfur will not be resolved without the successful implementation of the CPA. We are working with both parties and international partners to implement fully the Abyei road map and the CPA and to find a lasting solution to the conflict in Darfur.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what progress has been made towards developing a joint conflict management strategy along the North-South border in Sudan between the UN Mission in Sudan and the UN country team as referred to in the UN Secretary General’s report to the UN Security Council (S/2008/267); and if he will make a statement. (213286)

The UN, supported by the international community, has a strategy to support implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and has deployed a multi-functional military and civil mission to do so. This includes the monitoring of areas of tension along the border. The UN Development Programme held discussions in June on developing a common strategy for the border and for the transitional areas.

The UN Mission in Sudan and UN agencies contributed to a stability and development assessment of the three disputed areas, led by the Department for International Development, which was completed in April this year. The second phase of the assessment, covering the south and the border region, will take place in September/October of this year. The UN continues to review and adjust its focus through assessment and renewal of its mandates.