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Driving Offences: Insurance

Volume 479: debated on Thursday 17 July 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice how many prosecutions for offences related to driving without insurance there were in each police force area in each of the last 10 years; and what the average penalty imposed in each year was. (219058)

The available information relates to the offence of ‘use of a motor vehicle uninsured against third party risks’. Tables A and B provide data on prosecutions, convictions (findings of guilt) and court imposed fines from 1997 to 2006 (latest available). Table C covers fixed penalty notices issued from 1 June 2003 to 2006. Data for 2007 will be available later this year.

Table A: Proceedings and findings of guilt at magistrates courts for the offence of using a motor vehicle uninsured against third party risks1 by police force area, England and Wales, 1997 to 2006

Number of offences

1997

1998

1999

2000

Police force area

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Avon and Somerset

15,354

9,424

16,892

9,875

15,098

9,357

14,609

9,515

Bedfordshire

4,724

2,951

4,449

2,992

3,479

2,328

3,594

2,307

Cambridgeshire

3,440

2,395

3,425

2,507

3,058

2,233

2,929

2,216

Cheshire

4,838

3,499

4,961

3,658

5,463

3,872

5,729

4,075

Cleveland

3,925

2,798

4,204

2,908

4,331

3,027

4,793

3,573

Cumbria

4,223

3,089

3,787

2,866

3,597

2,772

3,507

2,684

Derbyshire

5,565

3,830

5,137

3,522

5,120

3,613

5,318

3,914

Devon and Cornwall

8,422

4,967

7,232

4,263

7,493

4,681

9,234

5,872

Dorset

5,271

3,458

4,198

2,777

4,776

3,013

6,035

3,540

Durham

3,992

2,912

4,261

3,086

5,899

4,475

5,470

4,328

Essex

7,161

4,507

7,025

4,635

7,336

5,035

7,898

5,328

Gloucestershire

3,577

2,115

4,465

2,885

4,443

2,867

4,174

2,539

Greater Manchester

30,655

20,548

30,836

21,430

33,228

23,697

33,783

23,865

Hampshire

11,768

7,844

11,557

8,028

11,553

8,123

10,559

7,535

Hertfordshire

4,580

2,573

5,799

3,056

4,748

2,789

5,258

3,310

Humberside

4,408

3,479

4,279

3,501

4,894

3,920

5,024

4,043

Kent

6,935

4,755

6,958

4,808

6,151

4,232

9,033

6,408

Lancashire

20,334

11,577

18,794

11,198

18,111

10,800

18,354

10,981

Leicestershire

9,706

5,990

9,481

6,265

11,054

7,281

10,263

6,713

Lincolnshire

4,589

3,001

5,000

3,466

5,345

3,744

4,500

3,307

London, City of

2,671

1,382

3,127

1,431

2,521

1,141

1,738

776

Merseyside

10,896

8,435

9,747

7,694

8,932

6,920

10,054

7,708

Metropolitan Police

42,283

25,873

35,064

22,874

31,285

20,893

29,649

20,117

Norfolk

3,932

3,456

3,434

3,060

3,468

3,000

3,951

2,844

Northamptonshire

4,999

3,083

4,849

3,271

5,571

4,151

3,949

2,971

Northumbria

12,470

8,064

11,837

8,079

13,296

9,299

13,195

9,385

North Yorkshire

3,926

2,778

3,744

2,538

4,003

2,656

3,905

2,548

Nottinghamshire

8,078

6,149

8,726

6,658

7,957

6,156

7,748

6,034

South Yorkshire

11,228

7,346

11,553

7,831

11,763

8,424

12,690

8,871

Staffordshire

8,180

5,251

8,210

5,379

8,021

5,725

8,777

6,740

Suffolk

3,258

2,202

3,743

2,283

4,189

2,547

3,923

2,319

Surrey

4,942

2,439

3,908

2,051

4,436

2,278

4,941

2,571

Sussex

9,333

4,726

8,202

4,150

7,415

4,198

6,796

3,777

Thames Valley

11,887

6,258

11,948

6,311

13,543

7,291

12,816

7,426

Warwickshire

4,316

2,595

3,769

2,394

3,523

2,192

4,135

2,309

West Mercia

7,082

4,848

8,207

5,624

7,450

5,224

7,686

5,512

West Midlands

29,878

18,484

30,928

18,969

27,409

16,407

28,148

17,896

West Yorkshire

23,980

15,042

23,549

14,682

25,776

15,903

26,529

15,476

Wiltshire

3,463

2,311

4,820

2,712

4,708

2,558

4,901

2,620

Dyfed-Powys

3,079

1,953

2,852

1,952

3,017

2,044

3,072

2,073

Gwent

4,097

2,899

4,478

3,344

4,451

3,452

4,680

3,777

North Wales

4,859

3,280

4,452

3,309

4,102

3,097

3,697

2,839

South Wales

14,829

9,936

16,187

10,629

15,406

10,467

14,615

10,273

England and Wales

397,133

254,502

390,074

254,951

387,419

257,882

391,659

262,915

Number of offences

2001

2002

20032

Police force area

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Avon and Somerset

13,022

8,393

15,124

9,700

17,163

10,558

Bedfordshire

4,651

2,895

4,731

3,147

5,041

3,490

Cambridgeshire

2,508

1,967

2,875

2,266

3,301

2,694

Cheshire

4,975

3,885

5,765

4,540

6,385

5,354

Cleveland

4,789

3,606

5,994

4,282

5,575

3,980

Cumbria

3,595

2,887

3,540

2,876

3,488

2,849

Derbyshire

5,429

4,218

5,614

4,670

5,793

4,888

Devon and Cornwall

8,648

5,723

9,598

6,354

9,676

6,608

Dorset

5,262

2,965

6,176

3,371

7,034

4,263

Durham

5,394

4,343

5,840

4,614

5,802

4,518

Essex

7,708

5,388

7,811

5,359

7,489

5,440

Gloucestershire

4,683

2,677

4,417

2,286

4,412

2,579

Greater Manchester

37,088

26,399

36,337

27,527

38,208

29,559

Hampshire

10,349

7,614

10,912

8,063

10,619

8,095

Hertfordshire

5,816

3,672

6,612

4,191

7,216

5,078

Humberside

4,730

3,641

4,464

3,551

5,509

4,411

Kent

9,592

7,042

10,059

7,697

9,788

7,452

Lancashire

16,280

9,748

17,555

11,020

21,229

13,689

Leicestershire

10,475

6,792

10,699

7,372

11,304

8,066

Lincolnshire

4,083

2,956

4,242

3,057

5,883

4,269

London, City of

1,826

1,020

2,353

1,330

2,563

1,605

Merseyside

9,467

7,693

10,360

8,551

12,776

10,627

Metropolitan Police

32,032

22,566

36,485

27,116

43,100

31,463

Norfolk

4,744

3,033

5,563

3,590

6,322

4,461

Northamptonshire

2,028

1,626

1,211

885

4,157

3,242

Northumbria

12,504

9,184

12,309

9,286

12,951

9,826

North Yorkshire

3,545

2,171

3,340

2,096

3,774

2,353

Nottinghamshire

7,856

6,181

7,460

5,922

9,224

7,609

South Yorkshire

14,623

10,079

13,859

9,975

13,745

9,882

Staffordshire

6,027

4,678

7,056

5,723

7,214

6,072

Suffolk

4,123

2,373

4,759

2,845

5,808

3,579

Surrey

5,101

2,804

5,554

3,145

4,657

2,880

Sussex

6,814

3,995

6,413

3,698

5,808

3,665

Thames Valley

11,728

7,092

12,842

8,283

14,516

9,718

Warwickshire

4,204

2,665

3,711

2,389

3,756

2,899

West Mercia

7,787

5,731

7,849

5,812

7,735

6,014

West Midlands

27,010

18,066

32,339

22,010

36,409

25,370

West Yorkshire

27,618

15,842

24,873

13,952

26,966

16,967

Wiltshire

5,292

3,264

5,326

3,162

4,794

3,006

Dyfed-Powys

2,953

1,906

3,316

2,275

3,094

2,236

Gwent

4,758

3,817

4,508

3,660

4,083

3,448

North Wales

3,376

2,551

4,048

2,987

5,968

4,523

South Wales

13,805

9,721

16,499

11,488

16,932

11,650

England and Wales

388,298

264,869

410,398

286,123

447,267

320,935

Number of offences

2004

2005

2006

Police force area

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Avon and Somerset

17,489

10,862

14,625

8,688

11,834

7,444

Bedfordshire

4,534

3,190

4,776

3,334

4,356

3,137

Cambridgeshire

3,120

2,654

3,371

2,827

4,107

3,432

Cheshire

6,515

5,372

4,592

3,871

4,463

3,803

Cleveland

6,597

5,080

4,611

3,819

4,013

3,383

Cumbria

3,446

2,753

2,855

2,199

2,654

2,098

Derbyshire

6,326

5,505

5,869

5,190

4,352

3,841

Devon and Cornwall

8,943

6,178

7,404

5,241

7,500

5,348

Dorset

6,075

3,618

5,752

3,584

5,177

3,207

Durham

5,300

4,029

4,454

3,186

3,285

2,427

Essex

7,132

5,323

7,035

5,413

6,507

5,340

Gloucestershire

3,695

2,438

3,500

2,042

2,838

1,876

Greater Manchester

34,942

26,722

30,280

22,869

26,516

20,263

Hampshire

9,750

7,467

7,882

6,251

6,529

5,356

Hertfordshire

7,463

5,382

7,763

5,716

7,641

5,849

Humberside

5,170

4,298

4,840

4,136

5,085

4,406

Kent

10,673

8,347

8,535

7,050

8,154

7,055

Lancashire

16,065

9,948

17,960

10,945

15,246

9,448

Leicestershire

10,833

7,790

7,306

5,340

5,912

4,345

Lincolnshire

6,621

4,766

5,644

3,907

5,242

3,873

London, City of

2,812

1,122

1,499

1,068

1,575

1,130

Merseyside

13,023

10,385

10,728

8,757

7,807

6,591

Metropolitan Police

47,806

36,465

47,223

36,033

46,132

37,075

Norfolk

5,084

3,734

4,442

3,436

4,054

3,175

Northamptonshire

5,804

4,641

4,441

3,606

3,859

3,101

Northumbria

11,685

9,106

11,728

9,348

10,347

8,629

North Yorkshire

4,065

2,508

3,865

2,569

3,270

2,298

Nottinghamshire

9,224

7,755

7,358

6,299

5,994

5,097

South Yorkshire

11,416

8,497

11,246

8,484

10,307

7,838

Staffordshire

7,439

6,317

7,224

5,959

6,328

5,399

Suffolk

5,718

3,541

4,279

2,738

3,799

2,499

Surrey

3,927

2,581

4,491

2,874

4,173

2,712

Sussex

4,371

3,068

4,569

3,370

5,074

3,763

Thames Valley

12,920

9,144

11,255

7,887

10,329

7,600

Warwickshire

4,160

3,433

3,469

2,958

3,512

2,981

West Mercia

7,249

5,498

7,144

5,604

7,042

5,679

West Midlands

39,696

27,453

34,786

24,890

29,998

21,378

West Yorkshire

32,404

20,175

26,667

16,220

21,641

13,751

Wiltshire

4,641

2,778

4,599

2,814

4,466

2,793

Dyfed-Powys

2,244

1,645

2,639

1,890

2,413

1,745

Gwent

3,474

2,961

3,241

2,761

3,088

2,670

North Wales

6,022

4,773

4,211

3,331

5,057

3,969

South Wales

15,946

11,143

12,605

8,694

11,805

7,984

England and Wales

441,819

320,445

392,763

287,198

353,481

265,788

1 An offence under the Road Traffic Act 1988 s. 143 (2)

2 As from 1 June 2003, ‘driving a motor vehicle while uninsured against third party risks’ became a fixed penalty offence.

Notes:

1. It is known that for some police force areas, the reporting of court proceedings in particular those relating to summary motoring offences may be less than complete.

2. Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

Table B: Average fine imposed1 at magistrates courts for the offence of using a motor vehicle uninsured against third party risks2 by police force area, England and Wales, 1997 to 2006

£

Police force area

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

20033

2004

2005

2006

Avon and Somerset

259

204

165

182

130

133

138

154

154

155

Bedfordshire

314

293

274

226

164

169

137

143

156

183

Cambridgeshire

221

209

215

182

119

118

131

152

171

182

Cheshire

274

248

237

211

149

153

167

179

190

195

Cleveland

162

167

170

179

167

173

171

189

202

210

Cumbria

150

171

220

265

152

151

159

169

171

186

Derbyshire

270

279

283

296

337

355

367

367

376

372

Devon and Cornwall

184

185

178

179

133

132

127

134

145

150

Dorset

295

302

301

261

121

114

125

158

171

176

Durham

181

177

194

160

118

122

121

116

123

132

Essex

174

149

140

123

101

104

112

164

182

202

Gloucestershire

154

202

247

240

91

86

133

147

143

140

Greater Manchester

245

226

236

232

152

151

157

167

176

181

Hampshire

132

135

138

136

119

122

124

131

138

141

Hertfordshire

193

164

173

204

155

166

181

198

208

216

Humberside

159

148

143

137

122

132

137

150

180

194

Kent

246

241

227

271

209

192

191

197

204

221

Lancashire

332

296

237

219

111

113

141

156

169

183

Leicestershire

318

318

276

254

134

135

138

150

145

152

Lincolnshire

159

197

209

188

133

134

148

179

185

196

London, City of

332

314

346

375

369

368

334

230

198

214

Merseyside

200

203

200

207

163

167

148

137

141

147

Metropolitan Police

202

185

184

169

139

140

143

147

165

179

Norfolk

242

256

265

210

99

107

139

152

152

165

Northamptonshire

243

286

310

280

280

339

245

183

156

172

Northumbria

136

146

148

144

130

135

135

137

142

148

North Yorkshire

249

236

230

211

130

136

141

166

177

185

Nottinghamshire

164

165

153

150

152

156

152

188

138

147

South Yorkshire

194

206

191

170

128

137

146

125

147

143

Staffordshire

251

228

234

198

152

163

166

186

230

256

Suffolk

193

192

192

183

128

138

133

136

156

162

Surrey

243

242

215

218

201

215

221

197

195

217

Sussex

218

186

181

167

118

117

138

162

170

169

Thames Valley

292

257

268

250

134

135

158

198

206

217

Warwickshire

228

175

177

188

156

168

164

210

200

230

West Mercia

268

282

282

263

176

180

165

193

208

218

West Midlands

207

190

189

201

169

192

200

206

207

211

West Yorkshire

255

242

242

209

120

123

134

144

144

146

Wiltshire

152

182

186

204

283

286

280

200

208

228

Dyfed-Powys

183

182

175

169

155

166

172

187

184

191

Gwent

253

225

225

208

148

154

171

157

171

172

North Wales

210

226

272

230

144

150

149

154

163

173

South Wales

190

180

183

188

159

173

158

154

149

158

England and Wales

224

214

212

203

150

155

160

169

177

185

1 Magistrates courts data only. Fines given at the Crown court total nationally (England and Wales) less than 10 each year.

2 An offence under the Road Traffic Act 1988 s. 143 (2)

3 As from 1 June 2003, ‘driving a motor vehicle while uninsured against third party risks’ became a fixed penalty offence.

Notes:

1. It is known that for some police force areas, the reporting of court proceedings in particular those relating to summary motoring offences may be less than complete.

2. Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

Table C: Fixed penalty notices issued for the endorsable offence of driving a motor vehicle while uninsured against third party risks1 by police force area, England and Wales, 20032 to 2006

Police force area

20032

2004

2005

2006

Avon and Somerset

5

47

63

115

Bedfordshire

0

0

62

154

Cambridgeshire

0

63

53

138

Cheshire

0

40

101

203

Cleveland

48

70

159

102

Cumbria

0

0

0

0

Derbyshire

0

0

0

112

Devon and Cornwall

0

0

42

80

Dorset

0

0

0

0

Durham

0

0

7

13

Essex

0

0

6

362

Gloucestershire

0

0

0

3

Greater Manchester

9

44

13

3

Hampshire

0

111

125

393

Hertfordshire

11

177

389

532

Humberside

0

0

0

0

Kent

10

12

31

249

Lancashire

42

91

174

409

Leicestershire

34

62

19

212

Lincolnshire

0

0

0

46

London, City of

2

21

9

51

Merseyside

0

0

0

102

Metropolitan Police

43

147

490

1,408

Norfolk

0

0

0

3

Northamptonshire

5

40

93

74

Northumbria

38

7

4

12

North Yorkshire

33

95

92

121

Nottinghamshire

21

42

101

162

South Yorkshire

0

0

0

0

Staffordshire

36

122

152

274

Suffolk

0

0

0

95

Surrey

0

0

0

12

Sussex

0

0

0

115

Thames Valley

0

0

0

0

Warwickshire

31

50

70

146

West Mercia

0

0

32

281

West Midlands

0

37

0

3

West Yorkshire

3

46

104

328

Wiltshire

0

0

0

141

Dyfed-Powys

0

0

0

0

Gwent

0

0

0

0

North Wales

87

139

297

200

South Wales

0

0

0

0

England and Wales

458

1,463

2,688

6,651

1 An offence under the Road Traffic Act 1988 s. 143 (2).

2 As from 1 June 2003, ‘driving a motor vehicle while uninsured against third party risks’ became a fixed penalty offence.

3 Force unable to supply data due to technical reasons.

Notes:

1. Offenders are subject to a £200 fixed penalty. However this can be increased to a maximum of £5,000 if the matter goes to court.

2. Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their limitations are taken into account when those data are used.