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Asylum

Volume 480: debated on Friday 17 October 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many (a) asylum claimants and (b) their dependants of each nationality have been granted leave to remain in the UK through (i) the 1998 backlog exercise, (ii) the 2003 family indefinite leave to remain exercise, (iii) the legacy exercise and (iv) discretionary leave to remain since 1997. (226120)

The information is as follows:

(i) The following tables show the number of principal asylum applicants who have been granted leave to remain in the UK through the pre-1996 asylum application backlog exercise (referred to in the question as the 1998 backlog exercise) by nationality during 1999 and 2000. The backlog clearance exercise ran for these two years only.

Information on dependants granted leave to remain in the UK through the backlog exercise is not available by nationality and can be obtained only by examination of individual case records at disproportionate cost. Total figures for principal applicants including dependants granted exceptional leave under the backlog exercise were 15,195 and 14,045 in 1999 and 2000 respectively.

(ii) For information on the 2003 family indefinite leave to remain exercise, I refer the hon. Member to the reply my right hon. Friend the Member for Birmingham, Hodge Hill (Mr. Byrne) gave on 16 January 2008, Official Report, column 1298W.

UKBA is no longer reporting on the performance of the Family ILR Exercise. The small number of remaining cases are being processed with other legacy cases, not as a separate workstream, and will be reported on as part of normal business.

(iii) Information on the legacy exercise by nationality is not available and could be obtained only by examination of individual case records at disproportionate cost.

(iv) Discretionary leave to remain has only been granted since April 2003. For information on the numbers granted discretionary leave to remain from April 2003 to 2006, I refer the hon. Member to the reply my right hon. Friend the Member for Birmingham, Hodge Hill (Mr. Byrne) gave on 16 January 2008, Official Report, column 1298W. 2007 figures on the discretionary leave to remain can be found in tables 4.1 and 4.2 of the annual Statistical Bulletin Asylum Statistics United Kingdom 2007:

http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs08/hosb1108.pdf

Further National Statistics on asylum are available from the Library of the House and the Home Office's Research, Development and Statistics website at:

http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/immigration-asylum-stats.html.

Decisions

Cases considered under normal procedures

Applications received4

Total decisions

Recognised as a refugee and granted asylum

Not recognised as a refugee but granted exceptional leave

Nationality

Number

Number

Percentage5

Number

Percentage5

Number

Percentage5

Europe

Albania

1,310

230

(100)

25

(12)

*

(0)

Czech Republic

1,790

275

(100)

*

(0)

(0)

FRY

11,465

7,750

(100)

6,290

(92)

85

(1)

Poland

1,860

545

(100)

*

(0)

(0)

Romania

1,985

440

(100)

5

(1)

*

(0)

Russia

685

305

(100)

*

(2)

5

(6)

Turkey

2,850

2,055

(100)

85

(22)

15

(3)

Ukraine

775

110

(100)

*

(1)

(0)

Other Former USSR

2,640

615

(100)

10

(2)

5

(1)

Other Former Yugo.

2,715

305

(100)

50

(21)

5

(2)

Other

200

595

(100)

15

(6)

5

(2)

Total

28,280

13,230

(100)

6,480

(67)

120

(1)

Americas

Colombia

1,000

395

(100)

5

(2)

5

(2)

Ecuador

610

165

(100)

(0)

(0)

Other

420

155

(100)

*

(3)

15

(18)

Total

2,025

715

(100)

5

(2)

15

(4)

Africa

Algeria

1,385

905

(100)

475

(71)

30

(5)

Angola

545

405

(100)

20

(24)

40

(41)

Dem. Rep. Congo

1,240

1,345

(100)

15

(15)

45

(40)

Ethiopia

455

260

(100)

20

(31)

5

(12)

Gambia

30

80

(100)

*

(6)

(0)

Ghana

195

1,685

(100)

(0)

5

(3)

Ivory Coast

190

265

(100)

(0)

(0)

Kenya

485

790

(100)

15

(3)

5

(1)

Nigeria

945

1,725

(100)

(0)

5

(1)

Rwanda

820

295

(100)

20

(10)

60

(26)

Sierra Leone

1,125

820

(100)

5

(2)

280

(69)

Somalia

7,495

350

(100)

130

(42)

55

(18)

Sudan

280

195

(100)

40

(43)

5

(3)

Tanzania

80

170

(100)

*

(3)

(0)

Uganda

420

255

(100)

5

(5)

15

(20)

Zimbabwe

230

115

(100)

(0)

(0)

Other

2,510

1,060

(100)

35

(5)

185

(27)

Total

18,435

10,720

(100)

785

(18)

740

(17)

Middle East

Iran

1,320

415

(100)

55

(37)

20

(13)

Iraq

1,800

745

(100)

315

(43)

320

(43)

Other

1,045

260

(100)

45

(27)

15

(9)

Total

4,165

1,420

(100)

415

(39)

355

(34)

Asia

Afghanistan

3,975

1,295

(100)

15

(1)

1,180

(92)

Bangladesh

530

615

(100)

*

(0)

5

(2)

China

2,625

470

(100)

5

(2)

5

(1)

India

1,365

945

(100)

*

(0)

10

(1)

Pakistan

2,615

1,250

(100)

25

(2)

15

(1)

Sri Lanka

5,130

2,630

(100)

20

(1)

10

(0)

Other

1,225

155

(100)

*

(3)

5

(4)

Total

17,465

7,355

(100)

65

(1)

1,225

(21)

Nationality not known

785

285

(100)

65

(55)

15

(11)

Grand total

71,160

33,720

(100)

7,815

(37)

2,465

(12)

Decisions

Cases considered under normal procedures

Refusals

Total refused

Refused asylum and exceptional leave after full consideration

Refused on safe third country grounds

Refused on non-compliance grounds

Nationality

Number

Percentage

Number

Percentage5

Number

Percentage5

Number

Percentage5

Europe

Albania

175

(87)

80

(40)

80

(40)

15

(6)

Czech Republic

275

(100)

230

(84)

10

(4)

30

(11)

FRY

460

(7)

85

(1)

235

(3)

140

(2)

Poland

520

(100)

475

(91)

*

(–)

40

(8)

Romania

345

(99)

140

(41)

70

(20)

135

(39)

Russia

55

(92)

35

(56)

15

(21)

10

(15)

Turkey

290

(75)

135

(34)

145

(37)

10

(3)

Ukraine

80

(99)

40

(48)

25

(33)

15

(17)

Other Former USSR

465

(97)

380

(79)

40

(9)

45

(10)

Other Former Yugo.

180

(78)

150

(64)

25

(12)

5

(2)

Other

220

(92)

200

(84)

15

(5)

5

(3)

Total

3,065

(32)

1,950

(20)

660

(7)

450

(5)

Americas

Colombia

155

(96)

135

(83)

15

(9)

5

(4)

Ecuador

135

(100)

10

(7)

125

(93)

(–)

Other

60

(80)

55

(72)

5

(4)

5

(4)

Total

350

(94)

200

(53)

145

(38)

10

(2)

Africa

Algeria

160

(24)

75

(12)

60

(9)

25

(4)

Angola

35

(35)

*

(1)

30

(31)

5

(3)

Dem. Rep. Congo

50

(45)

15

(12)

30

(26)

5

(6)

Ethiopia

35

(57)

5

(9)

25

(47)

*

(2)

Gambia

15

(94)

15

(94)

(–)

(–)

Ghana

130

(97)

115

(86)

*

(1)

15

(10)

Ivory Coast

75

(100)

65

(89)

5

(5)

5

(5)

Kenya

495

(96)

470

(91)

10

(2)

15

(3)

Nigeria

780

(99)

655

(83)

20

(3)

105

(13)

Rwanda

150

(65)

70

(31)

10

(4)

70

(29)

Sierra Leone

120

(30)

40

(10)

15

(3)

65

(16)

Somalia

120

(39)

5

(1)

75

(25)

40

(14)

Sudan

50

(54)

30

(35)

15

(16)

5

(3)

Tanzania

30

(97)

25

(80)

5

(13)

*

(3)

Uganda

55

(75)

50

(68)

*

(1)

5

(5)

Zimbabwe

105

(100)

105

(100)

(–)

(–)

Other

465

(68)

320

(47)

55

(8)

90

(13)

Total

2,875

(65)

2,075

(47)

360

(8)

445

(10)

Middle East

Iran

75

(50)

15

(10)

55

(36)

5

(4)

Iraq

100

(14)

5

(1)

90

(12)

5

(1)

Other

110

(64)

60

(35)

40

(25)

5

(4)

Total

285

(27)

80

(8)

185

(18)

15

(2)

Asia

Afghanistan

90

(7)

20

(2)

60

(5)

5

(–)

Bangladesh

375

(98)

315

(83)

50

(13)

10

(3)

China

200

(97)

155

(75)

25

(13)

15

(8)

India

750

(99)

655

(86)

60

(8)

35

(5)

Pakistan

990

(96)

885

(86)

65

(6)

40

(4)

Sri Lanka

1,945

(99)

1,700

(86)

205

(10)

40

(2)

Other

70

(93)

35

(51)

20

(29)

10

(14)

Total

4,415

(77)

3,775

(66)

480

(8)

160

(3)

Nationality not known

40

(34)

35

(29)

(–)

5

(5)

Grand total

11,025

(52)

8,110

(38)

1,830

(9)

1,085

(5)

Decisions

Backlog clearance exercise

Granted asylum or exceptional leave under backlog criteria

Refused under backlog criteria

Nationality

Number6, 7

Percentage5

Number6, 8

Percentage5

Applications withdrawn

Applications outstanding at end of year

Europe

Albania

30

(90)

5

(10)

5

n/a

Czech Republic

*

(100)

(–)

15

n/a

FRY

875

(96)

40

(4)

n/a

n/a

Poland

20

(73)

5

(27)

40

n/a

Romania

45

(50)

45

(50)

10

n/a

Russia

190

(78)

50

(22)

n/a

n/a

Turkey

1,520

(91)

150

(9)

40

n/a

Ukraine

25

(86)

5

(14)

n/a

n/a

Other Former USSR

120

(91)

10

(9)

75

n/a

Other Former Yugo.

60

(79)

15

(21)

30

n/a

Other

315

(88)

40

(12)

50

n/a

Total

3,195

(90)

370

(10)

265

n/a

Americas

Colombia

215

(92)

20

(8)

5

n/a

Ecuador

25

(93)

*

(7)

5

n/a

Other

70

(84)

15

(16)

20

n/a

Total

310

(90)

35

(10)

30

n/a

Africa

Algeria

205

(88)

30

(12)

40

n/a

Angola

260

(83)

55

(17)

15

n/a

Dem. Rep. Congo

1,155

(94)

75

(6)

40

n/a

Ethiopia

190

(95)

10

(5)

*

n/a

Gambia

40

(64)

20

(36)

5

n/a

Ghana

1,415

(91)

135

(9)

20

n/a

Ivory Coast

155

(83)

30

(17)

10

n/a

Kenya

210

(78)

60

(22)

25

n/a

Nigeria

765

(82)

175

(18)

45

n/a

Rwanda

55

(85)

10

(15)

10

n/a

Sierra Leone

400

(96)

15

(4)

10

n/a

Somalia

35

(83)

5

(17)

10

n/a

Sudan

100

(92)

10

(8)

5

n/a

Tanzania

110

(79)

30

(21)

5

n/a

Uganda

170

(95)

10

(5)

10

n/a

Zimbabwe

10

(90)

*

(10)

*

n/a

Other

325

(87)

50

(13)

10

n/a

Total

5,605

(89)

720

(11)

260

n/a

Middle East

n/a

Iran

250

(94)

15

(6)

15

n/a

Iraq

5

(86)

*

(14)

10

n/a

Other

85

(91)

10

(9)

20

n/a

Total

340

(93)

25

(7)

40

n/a

Asia

Afghanistan

10

(100)

(–)

5

n/a

Bangladesh

220

(94)

15

(6)

20

n/a

China

245

(93)

20

(7)

5

n/a

India

170

(92)

15

(8)

35

n/a

Pakistan

215

(97)

5

(3)

40

n/a

Sri Lanka

620

(94)

35

(6)

20

n/a

Other

80

(96)

5

(4)

10

n/a

Total

1,555

(94)

95

(6)

130

n/a

Nationality not known

135

(81)

30

(19)

5

n/a

Grand total

11,140

(90)

1,275

(10)

730

119,700

1 Provisional figures (other than percentages) rounded to the nearest 5, with * = 1 or 2.

2 Decision figures do not necessarily relate to applications received in 1999.

3 Information is of initial decisions, excluding the outcome of appeals or other subsequent decisions.

4 1999 figures may exclude some cases lodged at Local Enforcement Offices.

5 Percentages for cases considered under normal procedures and those within the backlog clearance exercise are calculated separately.

6 Cases decided under measures aimed at reducing the pre 1996 asylum application backlog.

7 Includes cases where asylum or exceptional leave has been granted under the backlog criteria.

8 Includes some cases where the application has been refused on substantive grounds.

Table 2: Applications received for asylum in the united kingdom, excluding dependants, and initial decsisions1, 2, 3 by nationality 200010

Decisions

Cases considered under normal procedures5

Applications received4

Total decisions

Recognised as a refugee and granted asylum

Not recognised as a refugee but granted exceptional leave

Nationality

Number

Number

Percentage6

Number

Percentage6

Number

Percentage6

Europe

Albania

1,490

1,940

(100)

25

(1)

35

(2)

Czech Republic

1,200

1,800

(100)

10

(1)

10

(1)

FRY

6,070

15,125

(100)

275

(2)

815

(5)

Poland

1,015

1,820

(100)

20

(1)

20

(1)

Romania

2,160

2,800

(100)

15

(1)

20

(1)

Russia

1,000

1,195

(100)

25

(3)

45

(5)

Turkey

3,990

3,695

(100)

180

(7)

135

(6)

Ukraine

770

1,270

(100)

15

(1)

35

(3)

Other Former USSR

2,505

3,795

(100)

65

(2)

75

(2)

Other Former Yugo.

2,265

1,550

(100)

110

(8)

50

(3)

Other

415

920

(100)

50

(7)

30

(4)

Total

22,880

35,915

(100)

790

(2)

1,265

(4)

Americas

Colombia

505

2,090

(100)

60

(3)

60

(3)

Ecuador

445

800

(100)

25

(3)

20

(3)

Other

465

705

(100)

35

(6)

50

(9)

Total

1,420

3,595

(100)

120

(4)

125

(4)

Africa

Algeria

1,635

1,935

(100)

65

(4)

45

(3)

Angola

800

1,025

(100)

70

(10)

200

(29)

Dem. Rep. Congo

1,030

2,005

(100)

145

(11)

180

(14)

Ethiopia

415

895

(100)

40

(9)

80

(17)

Gambia

50

75

(100)

5

(10)

10

(20)

Ghana

285

420

(100)

40

(14)

35

(11)

Ivory Coast

445

365

(100)

15

(4)

15

(4)

Kenya

455

1,620

(100)

50

(6)

90

(10)

Nigeria

835

1,215

(100)

20

(2)

90

(10)

Rwanda

760

720

(100)

85

(12)

165

(24)

Sierra Leone

1,330

1,560

(100)

95

(8)

575

(50)

Somalia

5,020

11,325

(100)

5,310

(47)

3,575

(32)

Sudan

415

895

(100)

110

(19)

70

(12)

Tanzania

60

160

(100)

5

(5)

10

(13)

Uganda

740

740

(100)

20

(4)

30

(6)

Zimbabwe

1,010

595

(100)

20

(3)

10

(2)

Other

2,635

3,055

(100)

245

(10)

385

(15)

Total

17,920

28,610

(100)

6,340

(27)

5,560

(23)

Middle East

Iran

5,610

3,690

(100)

390

(11)

255

(7)

Iraq

7,475

5,530

(100)

845

(15)

2,455

(45)

Other

1,330

1,470

(100)

115

(10)

100

(8)

Total

14,415

10,690

(100)

1,350

(13)

2,810

(28)

Asia

Afghanistan

5,555

2,590

(100)

375

(15)

695

(27)

Bangladesh

795

1,250

(100)

20

(2)

35

(4)

China

4,000

5,860

(100)

40

(1)

130

(2)

India

2,120

2,435

(100)

40

(2)

45

(2)

Pakistan

3,165

4,715

(100)

125

(3)

120

(3)

Sri Lanka

6,395

9,050

(100)

900

(11)

285

(4)

Other

1,205

1,330

(100)

50

(4)

65

(6)

Total

23,230

27,230

(100)

1,545

(6)

1,375

(6)

Nationality not known

450

3,165

(100)

225

(8)

355

(12)

Grand total

80,315

109,205

(100)

10,375

(11)

11,495

(12)

Decisions

Cases considered under normal procedures5

Refusals

Total refused

Refused asylum and exceptional leave after full consideration

Refused on safe third country grounds

Refused on non-compliance grounds

Nationality

Number

Percentage6

Number

Percentage6

Number

Percentage6

Number

Percentage6

Europe

Albania

1,875

(97)

1,480

(76)

50

(3)

345

(18)

Czech Republic

1,775

(99)

1,565

(87)

5

(–)

205

(12)

FRY

13,830

(93)

10,860

(73)

95

(1)

2,880

(19)

Poland

1,765

(98)

1,445

(80)

*

(–)

320

(18)

Romania

2,695

(99)

1,590

(58)

70

(3)

1,030

(38)

Russia

900

(92)

530

(54)

10

(1)

360

(37)

Turkey

2,090

(87)

1,095

(46)

145

(6)

850

(35)

Ukraine

1,045

(96)

760

(70)

20

(2)

265

(24)

Other Former USSR

3,285

(96)

2,250

(66)

20

(1)

1,015

(30)

Other Former Yugo.

1,280

(89)

1,110

(77)

*

(–)

170

(12)

Other

605

(88)

450

(65)

10

(1)

150

(22)

Total

31,145

(94)

23,125

(70)

430

(1)

7,590

(23)

Americas

Colombia

1,775

(94)

1,600

(84)

30

(2)

145

(8)

Ecuador

650

(94)

490

(70)

45

(6)

120

(17)

Other

470

(85)

330

(60)

*

(–)

135

(25)

Total

2,900

(92)

2,420

(77)

75

(2)

405

(13)

Africa

Algeria

1,330

(93)

760

(53)

20

(1)

550

(38)

Angola

425

(61)

205

(30)

10

(1)

210

(31)

Dem. Rep. Congo

990

(75)

610

(46)

30

(2)

350

(27)

Ethiopia

355

(75)

220

(47)

5

(1)

130

(27)

Gambia

30

(71)

15

(39)

(–)

15

(32)

Ghana

225

(75)

155

(52)

(–)

70

(23)

Ivory Coast

265

(91)

90

(31)

25

(8)

150

(51)

Kenya

785

(85)

535

(58)

10

(1)

240

(26)

Nigeria

770

(87)

415

(47)

10

(1)

345

(39)

Rwanda

440

(64)

150

(22)

5

(1)

285

(41)

Sierra Leone

480

(42)

145

(13)

10

(1)

320

(28)

Somalia

2,365

(21)

695

(6)

30

(–)

1,645

(15)

Sudan

395

(68)

270

(47)

20

(3)

110

(19)

Tanzania

60

(82)

40

(54)

*

(3)

20

(25)

Uganda

480

(90)

250

(46)

*

(–)

230

(43)

Zimbabwe

525

(94)

435

(79)

(–)

90

(16)

Other

1,860

(75)

950

(38)

30

(1)

880

(35)

Total

11,780

(50)

5,945

(25)

200

(1)

5,635

(24)

Middle East

Iran

2,815

(81)

1,595

(46)

35

(1)

1,185

(34)

Iraq

2,220

(40)

825

(15)

70

(1)

1,320

(24)

Other

945

(82)

595

(51)

30

(3)

320

(28)

Total

5,975

(59)

3,020

(30)

135

(1)

2,825

(28)

Asia

Afghanistan

1,515

(59)

460

(18)

35

(1)

1,020

(39)

Bangladesh

870

(94)

560

(60)

50

(5)

260

(28)

China

5,480

(97)

3,665

(65)

45

(1)

1,770

(31)

India

2,125

(96)

1,185

(53)

40

(2)

905

(41)

Pakistan

3,720

(94)

2,445

(62)

40

(1)

1,235

(31)

Sri Lanka

6,875

(85)

5,115

(63)

170

(2)

1,590

(20)

Other

1,015

(90)

480

(43)

5

(–)

530

(47)

Total

21,600

(88)

13,910

(57)

380

(2)

7,310

(30)

Nationality not known

2,280

(80)

1,730

(60)

20

(1)

530

(19)

Grand total

75,680

(78)

50,145

(51)

1,240

(1)

24,290

(25)

Decisions

Backlog clearance exercise

Granted asylum or exceptional leave under backlog criteria

Refused under backlog criteria

Nationality

Number7, 8

Percentage6

Number7, 9

Percentage6

Applications withdrawn

Applications outstanding at end of year

Europe

Albania

5

(80)

*

(20)

60

n/a

Czech Republic

*

(100)

(–)

80

n/a

FRY

165

(82)

35

(18)

240

n/a

Poland

10

(50)

10

(50)

95

n/a

Romania

45

(63)

30

(37)

65

n/a

Russia

185

(84)

35

(16)

35

n/a

Turkey

1,215

(94)

80

(6)

40

n/a

Ukraine

155

(88)

20

(12)

55

n/a

Other Former USSR

320

(86)

50

(14)

155

n/a

Other Former Yugo.

80

(75)

30

(25)

25

n/a

Other

210

(89)

25

(11)

35

n/a

Total

2,395

(88)

320

(12)

885

n/a

Americas

Colombia

180

(95)

10

(5)

15

n/a

Ecuador

100

(96)

5

(4)

10

n/a

Other

135

(89)

15

(11)

45

n/a

Total

420

(93)

30

(7)

70

n/a

Africa

Algeria

415

(83)

85

(17)

45

n/a

Angola

240

(72)

90

(28)

10

n/a

Dem. Rep. Congo

610

(89)

75

(11)

20

n/a

Ethiopia

390

(93)

30

(7)

15

n/a

Gambia

30

(88)

5

(12)

5

n/a

Ghana

90

(72)

35

(28)

15

n/a

Ivory Coast

70

(95)

5

(5)

5

n/a

Kenya

625

(90)

70

(10)

30

n/a

Nigeria

290

(86)

45

(14)

40

n/a

Rwanda

30

(94)

*

(6)

5

n/a

Sierra Leone

365

(90)

40

(10)

25

n/a

Somalia

55

(78)

15

(22)

50

n/a

Sudan

300

(94)

20

(6)

10

n/a

Tanzania

80

(95)

5

(5)

5

n/a

Uganda

195

(94)

10

(6)

15

n/a

Zimbabwe

35

(88)

5

(12)

10

n/a

Other

520

(92)

50

(8)

50

n/a

Total

4,345

(88)

585

(12)

345

n/a

Middle East

n/a

Iran

210

(89)

25

(11)

40

n/a

Iraq

10

(89)

*

(11)

20

n/a

Other

295

(96)

10

(4)

40

n/a

Total

515

(93)

40

(7)

100

n/a

Asia

Afghanistan

10

(100)

(–)

25

n/a

Bangladesh

290

(90)

35

(10)

15

n/a

China

165

(79)

45

(21)

30

n/a

India

175

(78)

50

(22)

45

n/a

Pakistan

685

(91)

65

(9)

95

n/a

Sri Lanka

895

(90)

100

(10)

45

n/a

Other

170

(84)

30

(16)

35

n/a

Total

2,385

(88)

320

(12)

290

n/a

Nationality not known

275

(89)

35

(11)

30

n/a

Grand total

10,325

(89)

1,335

(11)

1,720

89,100

1 Provisional figures (other than percentages) rounded to the nearest 5, with * = 1 or 2.

2 Decision figures do not necessarily relate to applications received in 2000.

3 Information is of initial decisions, excluding the outcome of appeals or other subsequent decisions.

4 May exclude some cases lodged at Local Enforcement Offices between January and March 2000.

5 Cases considered under normal procedures may include some cases decided under the backlog criteria.

6 Percentages for cases considered under normal procedures and those within the backlog clearance exercise are calculated separately.

7 Cases decided under measures aimed at reducing the pre 1996 asylum application backlog.

8 Includes cases where asylum or exceptional leave has been granted under the backlog criteria.

9 Includes some cases where the application has been refused on substantive grounds.

10 Provisional.