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Pupils: Per Capita Costs

Volume 481: debated on Thursday 23 October 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families how much was spent per head of the population on education in (a) rural and (b) urban areas in 2007-08. (228110)

The latest figures available are shown in the following table (2006-07). Figures for 2007-08 are still being collected and validated by the Department for Children, Schools and Families.

Combined local authority and school based expenditure per pupil1: 2006-07: Cash terms figures as reported by local authorities in England as at 15 October 20082

Total combined LEA and school based expenditure1 (£ per pupil)



Predominantly urban local authorities2


Predominantly rural local authorities2


1 Combined local authority and school based expenditure includes all expenditure on the education of children in local authority maintained establishments and pupils educated by the authority other than in maintained establishments. This includes both school based expenditure and all elements of central LA expenditure except youth and community and capital expenditure from revenue (CERA). Certain elements of central local authority expenditure cannot be attributed to a particular phase of education and consequently a sector breakdown is not available. Pupil figures include all pre-primary pupils, including those under fives funded by the authority and being educated in private settings, pupils educated in maintained mainstream schools and any other local authority maintained pupils. All pupil numbers are adjusted to be on a financial year basis.

2 The classification of local authorities into those which are predominately urban and predominately rural is based upon The Rural and Urban Area Classification (2004) sponsored by the Countryside Agency (CA), the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), Office for National Statistics (ONS), the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM) and the Welsh Assembly Government. Predominantly rural local authorities are classified as those which consist of more than 50 per cent. rural output areas.


Figures are rounded to the nearest £10.

To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families what the average financial allocation per pupil was in (a) Devon local authority area and (b) England in each of the last five years. (228871)

The revenue funding figures per pupil aged 3-19 in real terms for Devon local authority and the England average for years 2004-05 to 2005-06 are as follows:









The revenue per pupil figures shown in the following table are taken from the dedicated schools grant (DSG) which was introduced in April 2006. They are not comparable with those for the years 2004-05 to 2005-06 because the introduction of the DSG in 2006-07 fundamentally changed how local authorities are funded.

The 2004-05 to 2005-06 figures are based on Education Formula Spending (EFS) which formed the education part of the Local Government Finance Settlement, plus various grants. This was an assessment of what local authorities needed to fund education rather than what they spent. The DSG is based largely on an authority's previous spending. In addition, the DSG has a different coverage to EFS. EFS comprised a schools block and an LEA block (to cover LEA central functions), whereas DSG covers only the school block. LEA block items are still funded through DCLG's Local Government Finance Settlement but education items cannot be separately identified. Consequently, there is a break in the Department's time series as the two sets of data are not comparable.

To provide a comparison for 2006-07 DSG, the Department have isolated the schools block equivalent funding in 2005-06; as described above this does not represent the totality of “education” funding in that year.

The figures are for all funded pupils aged 3-19 and are in real terms.

DSG baseline plus grantsDSG plus grants















Note: Price Base: Real terms at 2007-08 prices, based on GDP deflators as at 30 September 2008.