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Poverty: Pensioners

Volume 483: debated on Tuesday 18 November 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions how many pensioners were living in poverty in Vale of Clwyd constituency in each of the last 16 years. (234500)

Poverty is a complex and multidimensional issue and, as such, there are many possible measures of poverty.

Our public service agreement, ‘Tackle Poverty and Promote Greater Independence and Wellbeing in Later Life’, includes a range of indicators related to low income for pensioners. These are relative low income (below 50 and 60 per cent. contemporary median household income), and absolute low income (below 60 per cent. of 1998-99 median income uprated in line with prices), all measured after housing costs have been taken into account.

The data source does not allow us to provide robust numbers for estimates below the level of Government office region. The information that is available for the numbers of pensioners in Wales below each of these thresholds is given in the following table:

Number of pensioners falling below various thresholds of median household income, after housing costs, Wales

Million

Below 60 per cent. of contemporary median household income

Below 50 per cent. of contemporary median household income

Below 60 per cent. of the 1998-99 median household income uprated in line with prices

1994-95 to 1996-97

0.1

0.1

0.2

1995-96 to 1997-98

0.1

0.1

0.2

1996-97-1998-99

0.1

0.1

0.2

1997-98-1999-2000

0.1

0.1

0.1

1998-99 to 2000-01

0.1

0.1

0.1

1999-2000 to 2001-02

0.1

0.1

0.1

2000-01 to 2002-03

0.1

0.1

0.1

2001-02 to 2003-04

0.1

0.1

0.1

2002-03 to 2004-05

0.1

2003-04 to 2005-06

0.1

0.1

0.1

2004-05 to 2006-07

0.1

0.1

0.1

— indicates less than 50,000. Notes: 1. Three survey year averages are given as regional single year estimates are subject to volatility. 2. The income measures used to derive the estimates shown employ the same methodology as the Department for Work and Pensions publication “Households Below Average Income' (HBAI) series, which uses disposable household income, adjusted (or “equivalised”) for household size and composition, as an income measure as a proxy for standard of living. 3. The figures are based on OECD equivalisation factors. 4. Figures are based on survey data and as such are subject to a degree of sampling and non-sampling error. 5. Numbers of pensioners in low income households have been rounded to the nearest 100,000 pensioners.

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions what estimate he has made of the number of pensioners in pensioner poverty in (a) Glasgow North West constituency, (b) Glasgow and (c) Scotland. (234849)

Poverty is a complex and multidimensional issue and, as such, there are many possible measures of poverty.

Our public service agreement “Tackle poverty and promote greater independence and wellbeing in later life” includes a range of indicators related to low income for pensioners. These are relative low income (below 50 and 60 per cent. contemporary median household income), and absolute low income (below 60 per cent. of 1998-99 median income uprated in line with prices), all measured after housing costs have been taken into account.

Latest information for Scotland on the number of pensioners below each of these thresholds is given in the following table. The data source does not allow us to provide robust numbers for estimates below this level.

Number of pensioners falling below various thresholds of median household income, after housing costs, Scotland, 2006-07

Thousand

Below 60 per cent. of contemporary median household income

140

Below 50 per cent. of contemporary median household income

70

Below 60 per cent. of the 1998-99 median household income uprated in line with prices

60

Notes:

1. The income measures used to derive the estimates shown employ the same methodology as the Department for Work and Pensions publication “Households Below Average Income” (HBAI) series, which uses disposable household income, adjusted (or ‘equivalised’) for household size and composition, as an income measure as a proxy for standard of living.

2. The figures are based on OECD equivalisation factors.

3. Figures are based on survey data and as such are subject to a degree of sampling and non-sampling error.

4. Number of pensioners in low-income households have been rounded to the nearest 10,000 pensioners.

Source:

Scottish Households Below Average Income 2006/07.