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Prisons: Per Capita Costs

Volume 485: debated on Wednesday 17 December 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice (1) what the average cost was of keeping a prisoner for a day in each (a) prison establishment and (b) young offender institution in the latest period for which figures are available; and if he will make a statement; (243280)

(2) what the average cost was of keeping a person in prison for (a) one week and (b) one year in the latest period for which figures are available; and if he will make a statement.

The following table shows the cost per prisoner per day for each prison establishment and young offender institution for 2007-08.

The overall average resource cost per prisoner in England and Wales in 2007-08 was £39,000 (to the nearest £500) this equates to £750 per week (to the nearest £10).

There are a number of factors which will cause differences in prison costs, such as the size, age, location and category of the prison, the mix of prisoners (including gender and age) and the internal regime and rehabilitation work followed.

The costs comprise (a) the public sector establishments’ direct resource expenditure as published in the HMPS annual report and accounts, increased by an apportionment of costs borne centrally by HMPS and the National Offender Management Service and (b) the resource expenditure of contracted-out prisons also increased by certain costs borne centrally. This involves some estimation. Income from the Youth Justice Board (YJB) in respect of services recharged to the YJB is excluded in order to show the overall cost to the Ministry of Justice. The figures do not include prisoners held in police and court cells under Operation Safeguard, nor expenditure met by other Government Departments (e.g. for health and education). The prisoner escort service is included.

Establishment name

Total cost per prisoner per day (£)

Male category B (9)

Albany

102

Dovegate1

90

Garth

122

Gartree

114

Grendon

113

Kingston

125

Lowdham Grange1

86

Parkhurst

122

Rye Hill1

84

Male category C (38)

Acklington

83

Ashwell

77

Blundeston

94

Buckley Hall

107

Bullwood Hall

146

Camp Hill

82

Canterbury

106

Channings Wood

92

Coldingley

112

Dartmoor

89

Edmunds Hill

93

Erlestoke

90

Everthorpe

82

Featherstone

86

Guys Marsh

82

Haverigg

95

Highpoint

79

Kennet2

253

Lancaster

129

Lindholme

92

Littlehey

76

Maidstone

100

Moorland

93

Mount

93

Onley

101

Ranby

82

Risley

80

Shepton Mallet

127

Stafford

81

Stocken

93

Usk/Prescoed

83

Verne

76

Wayland

80

Wealstun

94

Wellingborough

86

Wharton

88

The Wolds1

104

Wymott

85

Male dispersal (5)

Frankland

201

Full Sutton

199

Long Lartin

226

Wakefield

156

Whitemoor

273

Female closed (5)

Bronzefield1

160

Cookham Wood3

464

Downview

128

Foston Hall

160

Send

149

Female local (5)

Eastwood Park

130

Holloway

212

Low Newton

160

New Hall

152

Styal

131

Female open (2)

Askham Grange

133

East Sutton Park

81

Male closed YOI (14)

Aylesbury

137

Brinsford

143

Castington

148

Deerbolt

128

Feltham

215

Glen Parva

97

Hindley

142

Lancaster Farms

147

Northallerton

91

Portland

121

Reading

132

Rochester

112

Stoke Heath

109

Swinfen Hall

100

Male juvenile (5)

Ashfield1

169

Huntercombe

144

Warren Hill

153

Werrington

176

Wetherby

133

Male local (36)

Altcourse1

101

Bedford

91

Belmarsh

192

Birmingham

86

Blakenhurst

83

Bristol

109

Brixton

108

Bullingdon

93

Cardiff

85

Chelmsford

111

Doncaster1

86

Dorchester

127

Durham

94

Exeter

109

Forest Bank1

70

Gloucester

119

High Down

116

Holme House

88

Hull

83

Leeds

96

Leicester

100

Lewes

104

Lincoln

90

Liverpool

79

Manchester

110

Norwich

117

Nottingham

112

Parc1

109

Pentonville

103

Preston

101

Shrewsbury

96

Swansea

88

Wandsworth

86

Winchester

114

Woodhill

159

Wormwood Scrubs

96

Male open (6)

Ford

73

Hollesley Bay

101

Kirkham

100

Leyhill

107

North Sea Camp

83

Sudbury

65

Male open YOI (1)

Thorn Cross

165

Semi open (7)

Blantyre House

104

Dover

102

Drake Hall

113

Haslar

116

Kirklevington

87

Latchmere House

90

Morton Hall

99

Cluster (2)

Hewell

121

Sheppey

90

Mixed Male local and Female closed

Peterborough1

92

1 Denotes contracted-out prisons.

2 Kennet: Opened in July 2007, therefore resulting in abnormal unit costs.

3 Includes costs relating to re-role from female to male establishment.

Notes:

1. Establishments are categorised by their main role as at the end of 2007-08. Establishments that have more than one role have been placed in the category that represents the primary or dominant function of the prison. For example, HMP Moorland is designated as category C adult but includes a large young offender population. For this reason, performance of prisons within a category cannot necessarily be compared on a like for like basis.

2. YOI refers to young offender institutions.

3. Data for Elmley, Stanford Hill and Swaleside is reported under the Sheppey cluster. Similarly, data for Brockhill and Hewell Grange is reported together as a cluster, listed as Hewell.

4. There are a number of factors which will cause differences in prison costs, such as the size, age, location and category of the prison, the prisoner population (including gender and age) and the internal regime and rehabilitation work followed.