The Department for International Development (DFID) has committed £865 million to respond to global food security. Of this £206 million, or 24 per cent., has been disbursed.
Final allocations for the reporting of projects counting towards the commitment to the Creditor Reporting System (CRS) will be made after quality assurance of project coding within DFID and within the Development Assistance Committee.
Of the £865 million new commitments to improve global food security, £364 million, or 42 per cent., will be disbursed through international institutions such as the United Nations (UN) World Food Programme and the Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research.
£5 million, less than 1 per cent., will be disbursed directly through non-governmental organisations (NGOs). However, NGOs are often the implementing agents and therefore in-direct beneficiaries of funds to, for example, the social protection programme in Bangladesh (£83.5 million) and the UN Horn of Africa Humanitarian Appeal (£42 million).
£295.5 million, or 34 per cent., will be disbursed to governments through budget support and funding to government sector programmes.
A further £200 million, or 23 per cent., for agriculture research will be disbursed through regional research organisations, the UK's Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council and public-private partnerships, for example, the Global Alliance for Livestock, Vaccines and Medicines.
The Department for International Development (DFID) has committed £865 million to respond to global food security in the short, medium and long term. Short-term responses were primarily for support to humanitarian actions such as food aid and nutrition support and these will mainly be disbursed this and early next year. Further humanitarian funding for short-term needs will be committed depending on need.
Medium to long-term actions such as funding social protection programmes are multi-annual. In Bangladesh, the £70 million commitment over six years will be spread evenly and average approximately £12 million per annum, and in Mozambique, our support to social protection is £2 million per annum. However, DFID understands there is a need to be flexible within programme plans and, if there are unforeseen events, budgets can be moved between financial years.
The annual disbursement of the £400 million for agricultural research is set to increase from the budget for this financial year of £46 million to £57 million in 2009-10, and to over £72 million in 2010-11. Spending levels from 2011-12 are to be determined.