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St. Helena

Volume 485: debated on Thursday 18 December 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs which endangered species exist on (a) St. Helena, (b) Ascension Island and (c) Tristan Da Cunha; and what steps the Government has taken to encourage environment conservation on the islands. (240873)

The following table, prepared by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), lists 60 endangered species on St. Helena, Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha. The IUCN is the internationally recognised source of information on global endangered species.

In 2001, the Government signed Environment Charters with the Overseas Territories, including with St. Helena and its dependencies. The charters consist of a list of commitments for the Government and individual overseas territory governments to take forward to protect and safeguard the environment of each territory.

The Government provide funding through the Overseas Territories Environment Programme, a joint Foreign and Commonwealth Office and Department for International Development-funded programme, to assist the territories with the implementation of the charters. Assistance to encourage environment conservation on St. Helena, Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha is also provided through the Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs-funded Darwin initiative.

Class/Kingdom

Phylum

Order

Family

Latin name

Species

Common name

Insecta

Animalia

Arthropoda

Dermaptera

Labiduridae

Labidura herculeana

Herculeana

Saint Helena Earwig,

Actinopterygii

Animalia

Chordata

Gadiformes

Moridae

Physiculus helenaensis

Helenaensis

Skulpin

Animalia

Chordata

Perciformes

Callionymidae

Callionymus sanctaehelenae

Sanctaehelenae

St. Helena Dragonet

Animalia

Chordata

Perciformes

Scombridae

Thunnus maccoyii

Maccoyii

Southern Bluefin Tuna

Aves

Animalia

Chordata

Charadriiformes

Charadriidae

Charadrius sanctaehelenae

Sanctaehelenae

St. Helena Plover

Animalia

Chordata

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Rowettia goughensis

Goughensis

Gough Bunting

Animalia

Chordata

Procellariiformes

Diomedeidae

Diomedea dabbenena

Dabbenena

Tristan Albatross

Polypodiopsida

Plantae

Polypodiophyta

Blechnales

Lomariopsidaceae

Elaphoglossum dimorphum

Dimorphum

Plantae

Polypodiophyta

Pteridales

Pteridaceae

Pteris adscensionis

Adscensionis

Magnoliopsida

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Asterales

Compositae

Commidendrum spurium

Spurium

False Gumwood

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Asterales

Compositae

Lachanodes arborea

Arborea

She Cabbage Tree

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Asterales

Compositae

Pladaroxylon leucadendron

Leucadendron

HE Cabbage Tree

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Campanulales

Campanulaceae

Wahlenbergia linifolia

Linifolia

Large Bellflower

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Caryophyllales

Chenopodiaceae

Atriplex plebeja

Plebeja

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Euphorbiales

Euphorbiaceae

Euphorbia origanoides

Origanoides

Ascension Spurge

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Malvales

Sterculiaceae

Trochetiopsis ebenus

Ebenus

Ebony, St . Helena Ebony

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Rhamnales

Rhamnaceae

Phylica polifolia

Polifolia

Rosemary, St Helena Rosemary

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Solanales

Solanaceae

Mellissia begonifolia

Begonifolia

Aves

Animalia

Chordata

Procellariiformes

Diomedeidae

Diomedea sanfordi

Sanfordi

Northern Royal Albatross

Animalia

Chordata

Procellariiformes

Diomedeidae

Phoebetria fusca

Fusca

Sooty Albatross

Animalia

Chordata

Procellariiformes

Diomedeidae

Thalassarche chlororhynchos

Chlororhynchos

Atlantic Yellow-Nosed Albatross

Animalia

Chordata

Procellariiformes

Procellariidae

Pterodroma incerta

Incerta

Atlantic Petrel

Animalia

Chordata

Sphenisciformes

Spheniscidae

Eudyptes moseleyi

Moseleyi

Mamalia

Animalia

Chordata

Cetartiodactyla

Balaenopteridae

Balaenoptera musculus

Musculus

Reptilia

Animalia

Chordata

Testudines

Cheloniidae

Chelonia mydas

Mydas

Green Turtle

Polypodiopsida

Plantae

Polypodiophyta

Blechnales

Lomariopsidaceae

Elaphoglossum nervosum

Nervosum

Veined Tongue-Fern

Liliopsida

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Cyperales

Gramineae

Agrostis trachychlaena

Trachychlaena

Magnoliopsida

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Apiales

Umbelliferae

Sium burchellii

Burchellii

Dwarf Jellico

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Asterales

Compositae

Commidendrum robustum

Robustum

Gumwood

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Asterales

Compositae

Petrobium arboreum

Arboreum

Whitewood

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Campanulales

Campanulaceae

Trimeris scaevolifolia

Scaevolifolia

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Campanulales

Campanulaceae

Wahlenbergia angustifolia

Angustifolia

Small Bellflower

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Rubiales

Rubiaceae

Nesohedyotis arborea

Arborea

Dogwood

Actinopterygii

Animalia

Chordata

Perciformes

Labridae

Thalassoma ascensionis

Ascensionis

Animalia

Chordata

Perciformes

Pomacanthidae

Centropyge resplendens

Resplendens

Resplendent Pygmy Angelfish

Animalia

Chordata

Perciformes

Pomacentridae

Chromis sanctaehelenae

Sanctaehelenae

Animalia

Chordata

Perciformes

Pomacentridae

Stegastes sanctaehelenae

Sanctaehelenae

Animalia

Chordata

Perciformes

Scombridae

Thunnus obesus

Obesus

Bigeye Tuna

Animalia

Chordata

Scorpaeniformes

Scorpaenidae

Pontinus nigropunctatus

Nigropunctatus

Deepwater Jack

Animalia

Chordata

Tetraodontiformes

Balistidae

Balistes vetula

Vetula

Queen Triggerfish

Aves

Animalia

Chordata

Gruiformes

Rallidae

Atlantisia rogersi

Rogersi

Inaccessible Rail

Animalia

Chordata

Gruiformes

Rallidae

Gallinula comeri

Comeri

Gough Moorhen

Animalia

Chordata

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Nesospiza acunhae

Acunhae

Tristan Bunting

Animalia

Chordata

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Nesospiza wilkinsi

Wilkinsi

Grosbeak Bunting

Animalia

Chordata

Pelecaniformes

Fregatidae

Fregata aquila

Aquila

Ascension Frigatebird

Animalia

Chordata

Procellariiformes

Diomedeidae

Diomedea epomophora

Epomophora

Southern Royal Albatross

Animalia

Chordata

Procellariiformes

Diomedeidae

Diomedea exulans

Exulans

Wandering Albatross

Animalia

Chordata

Procellariiformes

Diomedeidae

Thalassarche chrysostoma

Chrysostoma

Grey-Headed Albatross

Animalia

Chordata

Procellariiformes

Procellariidae

Procellaria aequinoctialis

Aequinoctialis

White-Chinned Petrel

Animalia

Chordata

Procellariiformes

Procellariidae

Procellaria conspicillata

Conspicillata

Spectacled Petrel

Chondrichthyes

Animalia

Chordata

Carcharhiniformes

Carcharhinidae

Carcharhinus longimanus

Longimanus

Oceanic Whitetip Shark, White-Tipped Shark, Whitetip Oceanic Shark, Whitetip Shark

Mammalia

Animalia

Chordata

Cetartiodactyla

Physeteridae

Physeter macrocephalus

Macrocephalus

Cachelot, Pot Whale, Sperm Whale, Spermacet Whale

Enopla

Animalia

Nemertina

Hoplonemertea

Prosorhochmidae

Katechonemertes nightingaleensis

Nightingaleensis

Polypodiopsida

Plantae

Polypodiophyta

Blechnales

Lomariopsidaceae

Elaphoglossum bifurcatum

Bifurcatum

Liliopsida

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Cyperales

Gramineae

Sporobolus caespitosus

Caespitosus

Magnoliopsida

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Apiales

Umbelliferae

Sium bracteatum

Bracteatum

Jellico, Large Jellico

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Asterales

Compositae

Commidendrum rugosum

Rugosum

Scrubwood

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Asterales

Compositae

Cotula moseleyi

Moseleyi

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Asterales

Compositae

Melanodendron integrifolium

Integrifolium

Black Cabbage Tree

Plantae

Tracheophyta

Violales

Frankeniaceae

Frankenia portulacifolia

Portulacifolia

St Helena Tea, Tea Plant