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Reoffenders

Volume 485: debated on Thursday 18 December 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland with reference to the answer of 13 November 2008, Official Report, column 1321W, on reoffenders, what assessment he has made of how the reoffending rates for Northern Ireland compare to (a) the UK and (b) other parts of the UK. (243438)

With reference to the answer given on 13 November 2008, published reoffending rate cohorts for those discharged from custody in England and Wales are compared with similar Northern Ireland reoffending rate cohorts in the following tables.

2004 quarter 1 cohort (England and Wales)2004 calendar year cohort (Northern Ireland)

Age (discharged from custody)

Number of offenders

One year reoffending rate (percentage)

Age (discharged from custody)

Number of offenders

One year reoffending rate (percentage)

10 to 17

815

76.4

10 to 17

60

76.7

18+

15,761

51.9

18+

826

32.0

2005 quarter 1 cohort (England and Wales)2005 calendar year cohort (Northern Ireland)

Age (discharged from custody)

Number of offenders

One year reoffending rate (percentage)

Age (discharged from custody)

Number of offenders

One year reoffending rate (percentage)

10 to 17

844

73.1

10 to 17

60

71.7

18+

14,595

49.1

18+

843

37.1

2006 quarter 1 cohort (England and Wales)2006 calendar year cohort (Northern Ireland)

Age (discharged from custody)

Number of offenders

One year reoffending rate (percentage)

Age (discharged from custody)

Number of offenders

One year reoffending rate (percentage)

10 to 17

817

77.0

10 to 17

41

70.7

18+

14,380

46.5

18+

986

37.7

To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland (1) with reference to the answer of 13 November 2008, Official Report, column 1321W, on reoffenders, if he will provide updated figures for the categories of information given in the answer; (243440)

(2) with reference to the answer of 13 November 2008, Official Report, column 1321W, on reoffenders, if he will provide a breakdown by relevant offence of the reoffending rates within (a) 12 months and (b) three years; and what percentage of offenders in each category were aged (i) between 16 and 21, (ii) between 22 and 25, (iii) between 26 and 30, (iv) between 31 and 40, (v) between 41 and 50, (vi) between 51 and 65 and (vii) over 65 years;

(3) what percentage of all former prisoners in Northern Ireland had reoffended following release from custody on the latest date for which figures are available.

The information requested is as follows:

(a) During the calendar year 2006, there were 437 prisoners released from adult or juvenile custody in Northern Ireland who were aged 16 to 25 on the date they were given a custodial sentence. During the twelve months following the date of their release, 225 of these ex prisoners committed a proven offence. This represents a one year reoffending rate of 51.5 per cent.

(b) During the calendar year 2004, there were 406 prisoners released from adult or juvenile custody in Northern Ireland who were aged 16 to 25 on the date they were given a custodial sentence. During the three years following the date of their release, 304 of these ex prisoners committed a proven offence. This represents a three year reoffending rate of 74.9 per cent.

(c) Table 1 gives breakdowns of reoffending rates within 12 months by age and index offence for the 2006 cohort and Table 2 the equivalent figures within three years for the 2004 cohort.

Table 1

Age

Index offence

Less than 16

16-21

22-25

26-30

31-40

41-50

51-65

Over 65

Total

Violence against the person

80

58

23

24

20

19

0

0

31

Sexual

0

38

17

13

9

13

0

25

13

Burglary

0

62

70

80

55

25

0

0

62

Robbery

100

39

41

60

16

50

0

0

38

Theft

80

71

57

43

47

33

50

0

58

Fraud and forgery

0

0

60

40

0

17

0

0

25

Criminal damage

80

71

50

50

50

57

0

0

58

Motoring offences

0

64

19

31

33

18

40

100

31

Drug offences

0

40

27

17

10

0

0

0

17

Other

67

74

65

19

50

45

43

0

54

Total

79

60

40

32

29

25

18

33

39

Table 2

Age

Index offence

Less than 16

16-21

22-25

26-30

31-40

41-50

51-65

Over 65

Total

Violence against the person

100

68

50

67

51

29,

17,

0

55

Sexual

100

50

50

0

23

0

6

0

15

Burglary

100

98

87

92

45

50

0

0

87

Robbery

0

75

83

57

60

50

0

0

70

Theft

100

96

72

40

57

67

0

0

81

Fraud and forgery

0

33

50

75

36

25

0

0

42

Criminal damage

0

92

70

71

82

33

100

0

75

Motoring offences

0

75

75

61

63

47

67

0

65

Drug offences

0

100

47

63

59

17

0

0

53

Other

100

74

53

57

73

64

43

0

66

Total

100

82

65

61

56

39

28

0

63

(d) During the calendar year 2006, there were 1,027 prisoners of all ages released from adult or juvenile custody in Northern Ireland. During the twelve months following the date of their release, 401 of these ex prisoners committed a proven offence. This represents a one year reoffending rate of 39.0 per cent.

(e) During the calendar year 2004, there were 886 prisoners of all ages released from adult or juvenile custody in Northern Ireland. During the three years following the date of their release, 557 of these ex prisoners committed a proven offence. This represents a three year reoffending rate of 62.9 per cent.