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Road Traffic Offences

Volume 485: debated on Thursday 18 December 2008

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice what the 10 most common (a) offences and (b) motoring offences were for which (i) men and (ii) women of each age group were (A) prosecuted, (B) convicted, (C) fined and (D) sent to prison in (1) Essex and (2) England and Wales in the most recent 12 month period. (242752)

Data showing the number of defendants proceeded against for the 10 most common offences in England and Wales and Essex for 2007, broken down by result, sex and age group are shown in tables A1 and A2 as follows.

Available information on motoring offences for 2007 (latest available) is provided in tables B1 and B2. The data are based on the 10 most common offences proceeded against. Some of these cover more than one offence where the data reported centrally do not identify them separately.

Table A1: The 10 most common offences proceeded against at magistrates courts by result at all courts, sex and age-group for Essex police force area, 20071, 2

Number of persons

Males

All persons

Aged 10-17

Aged 18 and over

No

Offence description

Total proceedings

Total proceedings

Total findingsof guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

17000

1

Motor vehicle licences; failure to pay appropriate duty.

4,355

3,468

3,126

3,080

19101

2

Television licence evasion.

3,029

1,047

874

871

16901

3

Offences in relation to railways

2,591

22

12

10

2,056

1,725

1,719

1

10501

4

Common assault and battery.

2,397

401

337

4

8

1,625

1,117

68

233

4600

5

Stealing from shops and stalls.

2,024

217

207

18

3

1,259

1,194

254

344

14900

6

Criminal damage, value £5,000 or less.

1,353

368

310

3

835

709

172

43

8301

7

Failing to surrender to bail

1,152

67

31

3

925

420

208

69

12512

8

Harassment, alarm and distress.

815

121

83

20

564

507

345

806

9

Assaults occasioning actual bodily harm.

569

97

60

1

12

403

229

3

83

11606

10

Contravening the law relating to the regulation and control of fishing for salmon, trout, freshwater fish and eels etc.

534

1

525

506

497

Total

18,819

1,294

1,040

59

23

12,707

10,407

7,217

773

Number of personsFemalesAged 10-17Aged 18 and overNoOffence descriptionTotal proceedingsTotal findings of guiltFinedImmediate custodyTotal proceedingsTotal findings of guiltFinedImmediate custody170001Motor vehicle licences; failure to pay appropriate duty.————887805794—191012Television licence evasion.————1,9821,7421,741—169013Offences in relation to railways643—507418415—105014Common assault and battery.10589—226616981346005Stealing from shops and stalls.10798114414147384149006Criminal damage, value £5,000 or less. 43322—1077916183017Failing to surrender to bail189——14246194125128Harassment, alarm and distress. 4737——836535—8069Assaults occasioning actual bodily harm.149115523—21160610Contravening the law relating to the regulation and control of fishing for salmon, trout, freshwater fish and eels etc.————888—Total340278744,4783,7693,109104 1 The statistics relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences the principal offence is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe.2 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

Table A2: The 10 most common offences proceeded against at magistrates courts, by result at all courts, sex and age-group for England and Wales, 20071, 2, 3

Number of persons

Males

All persons

Aged 10-17

Aged 18 and over

No

Offence description

Total proceedings

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

Total proceedings

Total findingsof guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

19101

1

Television licence evasion.

135,508

10

6

6

0

46,427

40,033

39,715

0

17000

2

Motor vehicle licences; failure to pay appropriate duty.

86,753

60

24

24

0

69,882

61,414

60,611

1

10501

3

Common assault and battery.

75,871

10,055

7,899

88

279

54,554

36,305

4,028

5,363

4600

4

Stealing from shops and stalls.

67,641

6,186

5,676

361

142

44,745

41,567

7,514

9,103

16901

5

Offences in relation to railways.

42,588

368

250

157

0

34,078

28,896

28,476

12

8301

6

Failing to surrender to bail.

41,341

2,959

1,327

261

17

32,338

18,171

8,467

2,174

14900

7

Criminal damage, value £5,000 or less.

39,416

9,998

8,049

247

9

25,632

21,083

5,093

1,039

12512

8

Harassment, alarm and distress.

27,683

4,638

3,344

651

0

19,346

15,407

9,176

10

17313

9

Any other offences peculiar to stage carriages and public service vehicles not classified elsewhere1

27,250

24

9

7

0

17,032

14,454

14,224

0

806

10

Assaults occasioning actual bodily harm.

23,811

3,634

2,667

15

366

17,180

11,733

413

3,600

Total

567,862

37,932

29,251

1,817

813

361,214

289,063

177,717

21,302

Number of persons

Females

Aged 10-17

Aged 18 and over

No

Offence description

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

19101

1

Television licence evasion.

43

33

33

0

89,028

80,802

80,286

0

17000

2

Motor vehicle licences; failure to pay appropriate duty.

4

2

2

0

16,807

14,626

14,409

0

10501

3

Common assault and battery.

3,643

2,852

15

62

7,619

5,095

430

344

4600

4

Stealing from shops and stalls.

2,712

2,447

89

36

13,998

12,873

1,866

1,985

16901

5

Offences in relation to railways.

59

40

22

0

8,083

6,681

6,580

1

8301

6

Failing to surrender to bail.

580

281

35

3

5,464

2,734

1,083

251

14900

7

Criminal damage, value £5,000 or less.

1,373

1,109

21

1

2,413

1,860

273

61

12512

8

Harassment, alarm and distress.

1,103

795

90

0

2,596

1,979

915

0

17313

9

Any other offences peculiar to stage carriages and public service vehicles not classified elsewhere1

20

12

12

0

10,174

8,129

7,929

0

806

10

Assaults occasioning actual bodily harm.

966

718

2

61

2,031

1,282

28

178

Total

10,503

8,289

321

163

158,213

136,061

113,799

2,820

1 Includes offences under the Road Transport (International Passenger Services) Regulations 1984, sections 12, 24(2), 24(3), 25, 60, 66(a-e) of the Public Passenger Vehicles Act 1981, the Public Service Vehicles (Condition of fitness, equipment, use and certification) Regulations 1981 and the Public Service Vehicles (Lost property) Regulations 1978.

2 The statistics relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences the principal offence is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe.

3 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

Table B1: 10 most common motoring offences proceeded against at the magistrates' courts by result at all courts, sex and age-group for Essex police force area, 2007

Number of persons

Males

Persons

Aged 10-17

Aged 18 and over

No

Offence description

Total proceedings

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

1

Speed limit offences

8,568

32

27

21

6,709

5,721

5,649

2

Using motor vehicles uninsured against third party risks

6,797

293

248

111

5,713

4,846

3,696

3

Motor vehicle licence - failing to pay appropriate duty

4,631

3

2

3,689

3,310

3,246

4

Driving, or causing or permitting another person to drive other than in accordance with licence

3,816

268

222

32

3,055

2,552

1,200

5

Other vehicle registration offences (excluding fraud and forgery)1

2,193

17

9

7

1,774

1,287

1,263

6

Driving with alcohol in the blood above the prescribed limit

2,189

34

33

3

1

1,849

1,783

1,218

111

7

Other miscellaneous motoring offences3

1,620

7

5

4

1,298

871

807

8

Other offences of neglect of traffic directions2

1,491

30

22

4

1,069

973

901

9

Careless driving - without due care and attention or reasonable consideration for others

1,404

71

60

40

1,100

928

801

10

Vehicle test offences

951

30

19

3

808

603

243

Number of offences

Females

Aged 10-17

Aged 18 and over

No

Offence description

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

1

Speed limit offences

1,827

1,583

1,577

2

Using motor vehicles uninsured against third party risks

13

10

3

778

654

550

3

Motor vehicle licence - failing to pay appropriate duty

939

853

839

4

Driving, or causing or permitting another person to drive other than in accordance with licence

10

8

1

483

384

199

5

Other vehicle registration offences (excluding fraud and forgery)1

402

273

267

6

Driving with alcohol in the blood above the prescribed limit

3

3

303

298

210

8

7

Other miscellaneous motoring offences3

315

222

210

8

Other offences of neglect of traffic directions2

1

1

391

365

359

9

Careless driving - without due care and attention or reasonable consideration for others

2

1

231

199

188

10

Vehicle test offences

113

80

43

— = Nil.

1 Includes offences under SS34, 35, 37, 42, 43 46 & 59 of the Vehicle Excise and Registration Act 1994; S28A, S43C and S46A of the Vehicle Excise and Registration Act 1994 as added by the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005; Road Vehicles (Registration and Licensing) Regulations 2002; and Reg 35 of the End-of-Life Vehicles Regulations 2003.

2 Includes offences under SS35(1) & (2), 36(1) & 163(3) of the Road Traffic Act 1988; S28(3) Road Traffic Regulations Act 1984; and S6 Traffic Management Act 2004.

3 Includes offences under SS 13(1), 17(2), 18(4), 34(1), 71(1), 75(5), 76(1), 76(3), 83, 123(4), 135, 177 & Sch 1(6) of the Road Traffic Act 1988; SS 3(1)(a) & (b) of the Road Traffic (Foreign Vehicles) Act 1972; SS 35A(2),47(1), 47(3), 104, 112(4), 117 & Sch 12 Para 3(5) of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1994; Regs 3, 9, 22, 33, 83, 86 & 89 of the Road Vehicles (Construction and Use) Regulations 1986; Regs 7, 8, 23 27 & 28 of the End-of-Life Vehicle Regulations 2003; and S4BD of the Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1970.

Notes:

1. A person appearing in court can be dealt with for more than one offence at that appearance. The table shows the number of offences dealt with and not the number of persons appearing in court.

2. Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

Table B2: 10 most common motoring offences proceeded against at the magistrates courts by result at all courts, sex and age-group for England and Wales police force area, 2007

Number of persons

Males

Persons

Aged 10-17

Aged 18 and over

No

Offence description

Total proceedings

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

1

Using motor vehicles uninsured against third party risks

299,419

12,101

10,369

3,717

255,132

197,140

152,601

2

Driving, or causing or permitting another person to drive other than in accordance with licence

181,940

9,975

8,361

1,540

152,015

109,384

64,922

3

Speed limit offences

177,593

534

468

377

143,058

109,685

118,083

4

Vehicle test offences

125,596

2,518

2,518

241

109,562

119,509

27,273

5

Motor vehicle licence - failing to pay appropriate duty

90,028

102

40

25

72,463

63,477

62,340

6

Other miscellaneous motoring offences1

78,051

180

119

54

61,630

41,345

37,872

7

Driving with alcohol in the blood above the prescribed limit

77,834

1,358

1,303

198

66,248

63,693

46,514

2,849

8

Other vehicle insurance offences (except forgery etc)2

46,220

616

127

34

43

40,546

14,324

3,032

9

Failing to produce driving licence

36,145

468

120

28

31,877

15,846

5,969

10

Driving whilst disqualified from holding or obtaining a licence

34,579

1,457

1,292

21

391

31,501

28,743

1,783

10,099

Number of offences

Females

Aged 10-17

Aged 18 & over

No

Offence description

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

Total proceedings

Total findings of guilt

Fined

Immediate custody

1

Using motor vehicles uninsured against third party risks

520

452

167

31,666

24,771

21,207

2

Driving, or causing or permitting another person to drive other than in accordance with licence

467

397

79

19,483

14,268

8,537

3

Speed limit offences

23

19

17

33,978

28,568

28,356

4

Vehicle test offences

84

84

8

13,432

13,435

3,393

5

Motor vehicle licence - failing to pay appropriate duty

6

3

2

17,457

15,205

14,919

6

Other miscellaneous motoring offences1

8

5

4

16,233

10,251

8,995

7

Driving with alcohol in the blood above the prescribed limit

119

115

6

10,109

9,774

7,566

100

8

Other vehicle insurance offences (except forgery etc)(2)

22

1

5,036

1,561

272

9

Failing to produce driving licence

10

1

3,790

1,883

693

10

Driving whilst disqualified from holding or obtaining a licence

27

23

1

2

1,594

1,502

148

280

— = Nil.

1 Includes offences under SS 13(1), 17(2), 18(4), 34(1), 71(1), 75(5), 76(1), 76(3), 83, 123(4), 135, 177 & Sch 1(6) of the Road Traffic Act 1988; SS 3(1)(a) & (b) of the Road Traffic (Foreign Vehicles) Act 1972; SS 35A(2),47(1), 47(3), 104, 112(4), 117 & Sch 12 Para 3(5) of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1994; Regs 3, 9, 22, 33, 83, 86 & 89 of the Road Vehicles (Construction and Use) Regulations 1986; Regs 7, 8, 23 27 & 28 of the End-of-Life Vehicle Regulations 2003; and S4BD of the Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1970.

2 Includes offences under SS147, 154(2), 165(3), 170(7) & 171(2); and the Motor Vehicles (Third Party Risks) Regulations 1972.

Notes:

1. A person appearing in court can be dealt with for more than one offence at that appearance. The table shows the number of offences dealt with and not the number of persons appearing in court.

2. It is known that for some police force areas, the reporting of court proceedings in particular those relating to summary motoring offences are less than complete.

3. Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.