The Government have fully implemented the EU landfill directive which bans the disposal of whole and shredded used tyres in landfills and is therefore an important driver for tyre recycling.
The Government working closely with industry have ensured that there is sufficient recycling and recovery capacity to handle the 48 million tyres produced annually. Recycling and recovery includes the use of baled tyres in certain construction projects and the use of tyre crumb in the manufacture of sports and safety surfaces. Used tyres are also utilised as a substitute fuel in cement kilns and pyrolysis plants.
The DEFRA-funded Waste and Resources Action Programme (WRAP) ran a successful tyre programme from 2005 to 2008. This led to the development of two publicly available standards for tyre shred and crumb and for tyre bales and the development of markets for their use.
In addition the Department for Business Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (BERR) leads a Used Tyre Working Group which focuses on the re-use, recycling and recovery of used tyres. The group has a wide-ranging membership drawn from the tyre industry, the Government and WRAP.