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Offences Against Children: Convictions

Volume 486: debated on Wednesday 21 January 2009

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice how many people have been convicted of (a) child abuse and (b) murdering a child in each of the last five years. (248763)

The number of persons aged 18 and over convicted at all courts for offences relating to child abuse from 2003 to 2007 in England and Wales can be viewed in the following table. As there is no specific offence of “child abuse”, statistics are only provided where the victim can be identified as a child from the description of the offence. Child abuse can be covered by a number of offences, including the Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Act 2004 S.5 which came into force on 21 March 2005.

These data are on the principal offence basis. The figures given in the table on court proceedings relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offence for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences, the offence selected is the one for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe.

Court proceedings data for 2008 will be available in the autumn of 2009.

Number of defendants aged 18 and over convicted at all courts for offences relating to child abuse and child murder in England and Wales, 2003 to 20071, 2, 3, 4

Found guilty

Statute

Offence description

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Act 2004 S.5

Causing or allowing the death of a child or vulnerable person

0

0

0

2

6

Children and Young Persons Act 1933 Sec 1.

Cruelty or neglect of children

488

537

476

487

486

Offences against the Person Act 1861 Sec 27

Abandoning children under 2 years

1

0

0

2

1

Sexual Offences Act 2003 S.1

Rape of a female aged under 16

239

261

219

207

227

Sexual Offences Act 2003 S.1

Rape of a male aged under 16

23

21

22

13

19

Sexual Offences Act 2003 S.5

Rape of a female child under 13 by a male

0

4

43

59

70

Sexual Offences Act 2003 S.5

Rape of a male child under 13 by a male

0

0

3

17

14

Sexual Offences Act 2003 S.7

Sexual assault of a female child under 13

0

25

139

192

216

Sexual Offences Act 2003 S.8(1)(2)(1)(3), S.10(1a,b,ci)(3), S.9(1a,b,cii)(2), S.9(la,b,cii)(3), S 10(1,a,b,c(ii))(2), S.10(1,a,b,c(ii))(3)

Sexual activity involving a child

0

20

113

175

170

Sexual Offences Act 2003 S16(1ei,2-5), S16(1eii,2-5), S17(1ei,2-5), S18(1fi,2-5), S19(1ei,2-5), S17(1eii,2-5)

Abuse of a position of trust: Sexual activity with children

0

3

14

16

15

Common Law. Offences against the Person Act 186i Sec 1, 9, 10.

Murder of infants under 1 year of age

4

4

4

7

6

Infanticide Act 1938 S1(1).

Infanticide

0

0

2

1

1

Total

755

875

1,035

1,178

1,231

1 These data are on the principal offence basis.

2 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts, and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

3 Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Act 2004 S.5 came into force on 21 March 2005.

4 The Sexual Offences Act 2003 came into force on 1 May 2004.

Source:

OCJR—E & A: Office for Criminal Justice Reform—Evidence and Analysis Unit