The Ministry of Defence undertakes a wide ranging research programme addressing and supporting many activities. In the last five years, research specifically targeted to counter the use of improvised explosive devices by adversaries has been undertaken to the values shown in the following:
£ million 2004-05 2.6 2005-06 2.1 2006-07 5 2007-08 14 2008-09 15
Prior to the deployment of UK forces to Afghanistan and Iraq, the MOD was carrying out research on the development and enhancement of protective capability against a wide range of threat explosive devices. This research included the enhancement of personal and vehicle protection, and means of electronically countering the IED threat.