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Foreign Workers

Volume 487: debated on Thursday 5 February 2009

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many non-UK born individuals have been in (a) public and (b) private sector employment in each year since 1978; and how many such individuals were in employment in each year. (253923)

I have been asked to reply.

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the UK Statistics Authority. I have asked the authority to reply.

Letter from Karen Dunnell, dated February 2009:

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your Parliamentary Question asking how many non-UK born individuals have been in (a) public and (b) private sector employment in each year since 1978; and how many such individuals were in employment in each year. 253923

The available information is provided in the attached table. Comparable estimates prior to 1995 are not available.

The estimates are derived from the Labour Force Survey (LFS). The distinction between public and private sector is based on respondents' views about the organisation for which they work. The public sector estimates provided do not correspond to official Public Sector Employment estimates. Those are derived directly from employers and are based on National Accounts definitions, but do not include this detailed age breakdown.

As with any sample survey, estimates from the LFS are subject to a margin of uncertainty.

The figures have been derived from the LFS microdata which are weighted using the official population estimates published in autumn 2007. Consequently the estimates from Q3 2006 onwards are not entirely consistent with the figures published in the monthly Labour Market Statistics First Release, or the migrant worker figures published every quarter, which are weighted using more up-to-date population estimates.

Non-UK born people aged 16 and over in employment by public and private sector, three month period ending September, 1995 to 2008, United Kingdom, not seasonally adjustedThousandPrivate sector1, 3Public sector1, 2Total419951,3484491,81819961,3934461,86419971,5394371,99119981,5944642,06519991,6364712,11420001,7384892,23720011,8105062.32720021,9415462,49920031,9965772,59120042,0836282,72820052,2506712.93520062,5616793,25420072,8207063,54920085*2,985*723*3,727 1 It should be noted that public and private sector estimates:are based on survey respondents' views about the organisation for which they work;do not correspond to the National Accounts definition used for Public Sector Employment estimates.2 Includes nationalised industry or state corporation, central government, civil service, local government or council (including police, fire services and local authority controlled schools or colleges), university or other grant-funded educational establishment, health authority or NHS trust and armed forces.3 Includes self-employed and unpaid family workers.4 Includes those whose type of employer was not known.5 Coefficients of Variation have been calculated as an indication of the quality of the estimates, as described below:Guide to Quality:The Coefficient of Variation (CV) indicates the quality of an estimate, the smaller the CV value the higher the quality. The true value is likely to lie within +/- twice the CV—for example, for an estimate of 200 with a CV of 5% we would expect the population total to be within the range 180-220.Key Coefficient of Variation (CV) (%) Statistical robustness * 0 = CV <5 Estimates are considered precise.** 5 = CV <10 Estimates are considered reasonably precise.*** 10 = CV < 20 Estimates are considered acceptable.**** CV = 20 Estimates are considered too unreliable for practical purposes.It should be noted that the above estimates exclude people in most types of communal establishment (e.g. hotels, boarding houses, hostels, mobile home sites etc.)Source:Labour Force Survey