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Poverty

Volume 488: debated on Monday 23 February 2009

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions pursuant to the answer to the hon. Member for Epsom and Ewell of 2 February 2009, Official Report, column 849W, on jobseeker’s allowance, if he will estimate the (a) number and (b) proportion of households who have someone in work but where the household was in poverty in each of the last five years. (256113)

[holding answer 10 February 2009]: The information is shown in the following table.

Number and proportion of households who have someone in work and have a household income below 60 per cent. of contemporary median income, 2002-03 to 2006-07, before and after housing costs

Before housing costs

After housing costs

Number (million)

Proportion (percentage)

Number (million)

Proportion (percentage)

2002-03

1.5

9

2.1

13

2003-04

1.5

9

2.0

12

2004-05

1.5

9

2.1

13

2005-06

1.6

10

2.3

14

2006-07

1.6

9

2.3

14

Notes:

1. These statistics are based on Households Below Average Income, sourced from the Family Resources Survey.

2. Small changes should be treated with caution as these will be affected by sampling error and variability in non-response.

3. The reference period for Households Below Average Income figures is single financial years.

4. The income measures used to derive the estimates shown employ the same methodology as the Department for Work and Pensions publication “Households Below Average Income” series, which uses disposable household income, adjusted (or ‘equivalised’) for household size and composition, as an income measure as a proxy for standard of living.

5. For the Households Below Average Income series, incomes have been equivalised using OECD equivalisation factors.

6. Numbers of households have been rounded to the nearest hundred thousand households and proportions have been rounded to the nearest percentage.

Source:

Households Below Average Income

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions pursuant to the answer to the hon. Member for Cardiff Central of 20 January 2009, Official Report, columns 1406-07W, on poverty, if he will provide the same information for 1998-99. (256155)

[holding answer 10 February 2009]: The information is shown in the following table.

Number and risk of working age adults who are not in work living in households with incomes less than 60 per cent. of contemporary median household income, before and after housing costs, Great Britain, 1998-99

Number/percentage

Before housing costs

Number (million)

3.2

Proportion (percentage)

35

After housing costs

Number (million)

4.2

Proportion (percentage)

46

Notes:

1. These statistics are based on Households Below Average Income, sourced from the Family Resources Survey.

2. Small changes should be treated with caution as these will be affected by sampling error and variability in non-response.

3. The reference period for Households Below Average Income figures is single financial years.

4. The income measures used to derive the estimates shown employ the same methodology as the Department for Work and Pensions publication “Households Below Average Income” series, which uses disposable household income, adjusted (or ‘equivalised’) for household size and composition, as an income measure as a proxy for standard of living.

5. For the Households Below Average Income series, incomes have been equivalised using OECD equivalisation factors.

6. Numbers of adults have been rounded to the nearest hundred thousand adults and proportions have been rounded to the nearest percentage.

7. Adults have been classified as workless if they are unemployed or economically inactive.

8. Adults have been classified as being of working age if they are 64 or below for men or 59 or below for women.

Source:

Households Below Average Income

The risk of a working age adult who is working being in a low income household in Great Britain in 1998-99 is much lower at 7 per cent., before housing costs and 10 per cent., after housing costs than for workless working age adults, where the equivalent proportions are 35 per cent. (before housing costs) and 46 per cent. (after housing costs) as shown in the aforementioned table.