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Asylum: Democratic Republic of Congo

Volume 488: debated on Monday 23 February 2009

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) nationals have been forcibly removed from the UK to the DRC in each of the last 12 months; and if she will make a statement. (257244)

The requested information is not available; however the following table shows the number of Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) nationals who were removed or departed voluntarily from the United Kingdom to the DRC in each of the last 12 months for which published information is available (October 2007-September 2008).

Figures for the fourth quarter of 2008 will be published on 24 February 2009.

Published statistics on immigration and asylum are available from the Library of the House and from the Home Office Research, Development and Statistics Directorate website at:

http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/immigration-asylum-stats.html

Enforced removals and voluntary departures after enforcement action had been initiated1, Nationals of Democratic Republic of Congo to the Democratic Republic of Congo, October 2007 to September 20082,5

Number of removals

Asylum cases3,4

Non-asylum cases

2007

October

5

November

10

December

5

5

2008

January

5

*

February

10

*

March

5

5

April

5

5

May

*

*

June

*

*

July

*

5

August

*

*

September

*

Total October 2007-September 2008

45

25

1 Figures include persons departing voluntarily after enforcement action had been initiated against them, persons who it has been established have left the UK without informing the immigration authorities, persons leaving under Facilitated Return Schemes and removals performed by Immigration Officers using port powers of removal and a small number of cases dealt with at juxtaposed controls.

2 Figures rounded to the nearest 5 (— = 0, * = 1 or 2) and may not sum to the totals shown because of independent rounding.

3 Persons who had sought asylum at some stage, including dependants.

4 Due to a reclassification of removal categories, figures include asylum removals which have been performed by Enforcement Officers using port powers of removal and a small number of cases dealt with at juxtaposed controls.

5 Provisional figures.

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many Democratic Republic of Congo nationals have been refused asylum but have not left the UK whilst exercising a right of appeal to remain. (257245)

Information on how many Democratic Republic of Congo nationals have been refused asylum is published annually and quarterly. Annual figures are available in Table 3.3 of Asylum Statistics United Kingdom.

Information on how many people have not left the UK while exercising a right of appeal is not available. This is due to the fact that an appellant may leave the UK voluntarily without informing the UK Border Agency. While an appellant is exercising their right of appeal they are not a failed asylum seeker and therefore are not removable until their appeal rights are exhausted.

Information on persons who it has been established left the UK without informing the immigration authorities in 2005-08 will be published in Tables 7 a-c of the “Control of Immigration: Quarterly Statistical Summary, United Kingdom—Q4 2008” bulletin on 24 February 2009. It is not possible to say what stage in the asylum process the returnees have reached at the time they have left the UK.

Copies of these publications are/will be available from the Library of the House and from the Home Office’s Research, Development and Statistics website at:

http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/immigration-asylum-stats.html

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many Democratic Republic of Congo nationals are being held in detention pending possible deportation; and how many were being so held in each of the last 12 months. (257247)

As at 11 February there were 33 Democratic Republic of Congo nationals being held in immigration detention pending their removal from the UK.

Numbers for those held in each of the last 12 months is not recorded centrally and could be provided only by checking individual records which would be at disproportionate cost.