Skip to main content

Foreign Workers: EU Countries

Volume 488: debated on Tuesday 24 February 2009

To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster how many migrant workers from each EU member state have (a) entered and (b) left the UK in each (i) month, (ii) quarter and (iii) year since 1997; and if he will make a statement. (250931)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the UK Statistics Authority. I have asked the authority to reply.

Letter from Karen Dunnell:

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your recent Parliamentary Question asking how many migrant workers from each EU Member State have (a) entered and (b) left the UK in each (i) month, (ii) quarter and (in) year since 1997. (250931)

The International Passenger Survey (IPS) is the only source of information on people entering and leaving the UK. The sample size of the IPS means that we cannot provide the level of detail requested; however the attached table provides estimates of migration by EU citizens, which is stated as being for work purposes, for each year since 1997. Figures for A8 citizens arc identified separately in the table.

Please note that the migration estimates provided only cover those visiting or leaving the UK for periods of twelve months or more. They do not include short-term migrants (i.e. those entering or leaving the UK for less than twelve months). Also note that not all those travelling for work related reasons will become migrant workers since they may not find work in the UK. Similarly, those who travel for other purposes may subsequently work and therefore become migrant workers.

Work related migration by EU citizens: United Kingdom

Thousand

Citizenship

British

EU15 (excluding British)

A8

Reason for migration

Estimate

Percentage

Estimate

Percentage

Estimate

Percentage

Inflow

1997

All reasons

90

8

62

15

Work related

46

11

18

17

1998

All reasons

104

8

70

11

Work related

54

11

33

17

1999

All reasons

114

8

59

14

Work related

55

10

32

17

2000

All reasons

98

9

59

12

Work related

57

11

27

18

2001

All reasons

110

8

53

15

Work related

52

11

32

21

2002

All reasons

96

10

55

15

Work related

58

14

23

19

2003

All reasons

99

9

61

15

Work related

45

12

34

22

2004

All reasons

84

8

49

17

Work related

37

11

37

20

27

2005

All reasons

91

10

68

14

Work related

48

13

61

15

2006

All reasons

77

11

81

14

Work related

31

14

63

15

2007

All reasons

71

10

Work related

32

12

Outflow

1997

All reasons

135

7

32

16

Work related

66

11

16

22

1998

All reasons

114

8

26

16

Work related

47

10

16

18

1999

All reasons

115

7

47

13

Work related

54

10

24

16

2000

All reasons

141

7

46

14

Work related

68

10

24

19

2001

All reasons

133

7

40

15

Work related

61

11

26

19

2002

All reasons

164

7

42

15

Work related

75

10

24

19

2003

All reasons

170

7

42

20

Work related

64

10

15

24

2004

All reasons

184

6

2

63

Work related

63

9

2005

All reasons

174

7

15

29

Work related

71

9

5

58

2006

All reasons

196

7

22

25

Work related

81

9

11

37

2007

All reasons

159

6

Work related

74

8

Thousand

Rest of EU25 (excluding British)

A8

Rest of EU27 (excluding British)

Reason for migration

Estimate

Percentage

Estimate

Percentage

Estimate

Percentage

Inflow

1997

All reasons

Work related

1998

All reasons

Work related

1999

All reasons

Work related

2000

All reasons

Work related

2001

All reasons

Work related

2002

All reasons

Work related

2003

All reasons

Work related

2004

All reasons

57

14

Work related

20

2005

All reasons

51

14

Work related

25

18

2006

All reasons

56

12

Work related

21

17

2007

All reasons

103

12

69

13

Work related

82

14

43

16

Outflow

1997

All reasons

Work related

1998

All reasons

Work related

1999

All reasons

Work related

2000

All reasons

Work related

2001

All reasons

Work related

2002

All reasons

Work related

2003

All reasons

Work related

2004

All reasons

32

15

Work related

17

19

2005

All reasons

32

17

Work related

16

20

2006

All reasons

37

16

Work related

14

24

2007

All reasons

25

21

40

14

Work related

12

30

22

19

Note:

Conditional formatting has been applied to the estimates and standard error percentages. A standard error of <20 per cent. has a white background, >20 per cent. but <25 per cent. has a white background but is in italics and >25 per cent. is in italics with a grey background. A migration figure with a standard error of >25 per cent. is not considered to be reliable.

standard error

% = ——— x 100

estimate