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Food: Prices

Volume 490: debated on Monday 30 March 2009

To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what the average UK farm-gate price for (a) milling wheat, (b) milk and milk products, (c) beef and veal, (d) pigmeat, (e) lamb and (f) apples was in each of the last 10 years; what import tariff was charged on imports of each product from each region or supporting country in each such year; and what information his Department holds on average world market prices for each product in each such year. (264782)

[holding answer 23 March 2009]: Average UK farm-gate prices for milling wheat and milk are shown in the following table. UK farm-gate prices of milk products are not available, so wholesale prices have been provided instead.

Milling wheat (£ per tonne)

Milk (Pence per litre)

Butter (unsalted) (£ per tonne)

SMP (£ per tonne)

Mild Cheddar (£ per tonne)

Mature Cheddar (£ per tonne)

Bulk cream (£ per tonne)

1999

81

18.3

2000

74

16.9

1,942

1,707

2,102

2,425

968

2001

79

19.3

1,893

1,501

2,244

2,617

919

2002

75

17.1

1,831

1,288

1,794

2,217

852

2003

76

18.0

2,044

1,407

1,985

2,121

974

2004

87

18.5

1,997

1,424

2,100

2,375

928

2005

76

18.5

1,886

1,408

2,079

2,400

868

2006

76

17.9

1,723

1,436

1,967

2,400

796

2007

108

20.7

2,283

2,136

2,427

2,717

1,051

2008

151

25.9

2,102

2,034

2,817

3,300

918

Source: HGCA, DEFRA statistics, RPA.

The average UK farm-gate prices for beef and veal, pig meat, mutton and lamb and apples can be found in the following table.

Beef and veal (Pence per kg dressed carcase weight)

Pig meat (Pence per kg dressed carcase weight)

Mutton and lamb (Pence per kg dressed carcase weight)

Dessert apples (£ per tonne)

Culinary apples (£ per tonne)

1999

161

76

152

437

249

2000

158

91

167

358

215

2001

155

95

166

352

176

2002

160

90

203

385

286

2003

167

99

226

460

472

2004

177

100

222

412

359

2005

181

100

205

419

317

2006

187

102

213

434

379

2007

188

104

194

488

373

2008

243

122

248

540

452

Source: AHDB, DEFRA Statistics and Agriculture in the United Kingdom https://statistics.defra.gov.uk/esg/publications/auk/default.asp

Annual import tariffs

Schedules of customs duties are published regularly by the EU Commission in the Official Journal of the EU. Average tariffs rates for high quality common wheat are shown in the following table. Equivalent rates for other commodities are not available.

High quality common wheat (€ per tonne)

1999

36.48

2000

9.28

2001

0

2002

0

2003

1.16

2004

0

2005

0

2006

0

2007

0

2008

0

Source: Official Journal, EU Commission.

World prices

World market prices for wheat and milk products can be found in the following table.

US$ per tonne

Milling wheat

Butter

SMP

WMP

Cheddar

1999

117

2000

107

1,453

2,063

2,002

1,919

2001

117

1,252

1,983

1,947

2,163

2002

144

1,078

1,269

1,358

1,667

2003

139

1,393

1,727

1,762

1,889

2004

151

1,860

2,063

2,129

2,564

2005

138

1,971

2,240

2,245

2,829

2006

152

1,778

2,200

2,221

2,656

2007

278

2,921

4,254

4,258

4,052

2008

353

3,396

3,038

3,729

4,721

Source: International Grains Council, DIN consultancy, DairyCo.

Indicative world market prices for beef, lamb and pork are shown in the following table. Prices for apples are not available.

US cents per pound

Beef, Australian and New Zealand 85 per cent. lean fores, FOB US import price

Swine (pork), 51-52 per cent. lean hogs, US price

Lamb, frozen carcass Smithfield London

1999

83

44

116

2000

88

59

113

2001

97

61

130

2002

95

47

146

2003

90

53

160

2004

114

71

166

2005

119

68

161

2006

116

64

154

2007

118

64

162

2008

121

65

171

Source: IMF.