Skip to main content

Death: Malnutrition

Volume 490: debated on Monday 30 March 2009

To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster for how many deaths of people in each age group malnutrition was given as a cause of death in each of the last 10 years. (267439)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the UK Statistics Authority. I have asked the Authority to reply.

Letter from Karen Dunnell, dated March 2009:

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your recent question asking for how many deaths of people in each age group malnutrition was given as a cause of death in each of the last 10 years. (267439)

The attached table provides the numbers of deaths in each age group where malnutrition or effects of hunger were mentioned on the death certificate, in England and Wales, for the years 1998 to 2007 (the latest year available).

Table 1. Deaths from malnutrition and effects of hunger1, by age group, England and Wales2, 1998 to 20073

Deaths (persons)

Age group

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Under 1

1

2

5

3

2

2

2

0

2

1

01-04

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

05-09

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

10-14

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

2

15-19

3

0

2

4

1

2

0

0

2

1

20-24

1

3

2

2

1

2

1

0

0

0

25-29

3

2

3

3

3

1

2

2

0

3

30-34

5

4

3

2

4

6

1

4

2

5

35-39

3

2

7

6

6

2

5

4

7

8

40-44

8

5

5

5

5

8

4

4

7

8

45-49

9

12

10

6

9

12

14

11

9

22

50-54

12

10

9

10

11

15

14

12

21

14

55-59

10

16

13

8

18

14

12

16

22

25

60-64

11

20

22

8

9

26

15

20

17

27

65-69

27

28

27

17

23

15

21

16

32

24

70-74

32

43

32

19

31

24

24

36

35

22

75-79

46

44

55

49

38

44

46

30

52

49

80-84

60

66

41

42

53

36

50

55

48

60

85+

102

93

88

72

80

71

70

69

88

82

Total

334

351

325

256

294

280

282

280

344

353

1 Cause of death was defined using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes 260-269 (malnutrition) and E904.1 (effects of hunger) for the years 1998 to 2000, and the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes E40-E46 (malnutrition) and T73.0 (effects of hunger) for 2001 onwards. Deaths were included where one of these causes was mentioned anywhere on the death certificate. The introduction of ICD-10 in 2001 means that the numbers of deaths from each cause before 2001 are not completely comparable with later years.

2 Figures include deaths of non-residents.

3 Figures are for deaths registered in each calendar year.