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Malnutrition: Death

Volume 491: debated on Wednesday 22 April 2009

To ask the Secretary of State for Health how many deaths were caused by malnutrition among those in each age group over 65 years in each region in the last 10 years; and if he will make a statement. (267440)

I have been asked to reply.

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the UK Statistics Authority. I have asked the Authority to reply.

Letter from Karen Dunnell, dated 20 April 2009:

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your recent question asking how many deaths were caused by malnutrition among those in each age group over 65 years in each region in the last 10 years. (267440)

The attached table provides the numbers of deaths where malnutrition or effects of hunger were mentioned on the death certificate, by age group for persons aged over 65 years, for each government office region in England, for the years 1998 to 2007 (the latest year available).

Table 1: Deaths from malnutrition and effects of hunger1 persons aged over 65 years by age group, government office regions in England2 1998-20073

Deaths (persons)

Government office region

Year

66-70

71-75

76-80

81-85

Over 85

North East

1998

2

1

0

3

6

1999

1

2

3

3

5

2000

4

6

1

5

4

2001

2

3

5

1

8

2002

1

3

8

1

5

2003

1

1

1

4

6

2004

2

0

3

4

1

2005

1

1

3

2

4

2006

1

4

2

6

6

2007

2

1

4

3

2

North West

1998

4

2

3

8

9

1999

6

6

4

4

6

2000

4

5

3

2

8

2001

2

0

5

7

6

2002

2

3

3

8

8

2003

3

7

5

3

7

2004

4

3

10

8

7

2005

1

8

5

7

5

2006

2

0

5

6

6

2007

2

2

11

5

10

Yorkshire and The Humber

1998

3

1

4

7

7

1999

4

3

1

7

4

2000

0

2

3

3

6

2001

2

4

2

3

4

2002

3

4

3

0

5

2003

3

3

4

6

8

2004

3

2

4

0

4

2005

1

3

1

2

4

2006

3

2

1

3

6

2007

2

2

6

4

4

East Midlands

1998

2

4

7

8

8

1999

3

2

2

7

8

2000

3

3

6

4

8

2001

1

4

2

3

4

2002

3

3

2

6

1

2003

1

2

4

0

7

2004

4

3

3

4

4

2005

3

4

4

6

6

2006

2

2

8

4

7

2007

7

2

2

3

6

West Midlands

1998

3

8

6

5

10

1999

2

8

6

11

18

2000

6

6

12

4

8

2001

4

2

7

3

8

2002

3

4

5

10

12

2003

2

4

5

7

7

2004

1

5

12

7

10

2005

4

2

1

7

3

2006

2

11

7

4

4

2007

2

3

7

6

7

East of England

1998

3

2

3

5

7

1999

3

6

2

7

10

2000

2

1

3

5

9

2001

1

3

10

4

6

2002

3

5

3

8

8

2003

0

2

1

5

2

2004

3

1

2

3

6

2005

1

4

4

9

15

2006

4

5

3

3

7

2007

1

2

5

6

5

London

1998

1

6

7

6

7

1999

4

4

7

10

9

2000

2

1

6

4

10

2001

0

0

10

1

6

2002

2

1

7

4

4

2003

4

1

4

3

5

2004

2

2

1

2

3

2005

1

2

1

2

5

2006

6

2

1

3

6

2007

1

2

3

2

7

South East

1998

2

7

4

6

8

1999

2

9.

5

7

12

2000

5

2

11

4

10

2001

1

2

6

5

7

2002

2

3

3

6

13

2003

2

2

7

4

8

2004

3

3

4

7

11

2005

5

4

6

8

9

2006

4

8

9

10

16

2007

3

4

4

9

10

South West

1998

4

3

11

5

21

1999

5

2

8

6

4

2000

5

4

8

5

13

2001

3

2

4

3

8

2002

1

3

5

4

7

2003

1

3

4

5

4

2004

3

2

5

8

13

2005

3

3

5

6

5

2006

4

3

7

5

10

2007

1

3

7

4

8

1 Cause of death was defined using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes 260-269 (malnutrition) and E904.1 (effects of hunger) for the years 1998 to 2000, and the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes E40-E46 (malnutrition) and T73.0 (effects of hunger) for 2001 onwards. Deaths were included where one of these causes was mentioned anywhere on the death certificate. The introduction of fCD-10 in 2001 means that the numbers of deaths from each cause before 2001 are not completely comparable with later years.

2 Based on boundaries as of 2009.

3 Figures are for deaths registered in each calendar year.