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Antisocial Behaviour: Fixed Penalties

Volume 493: debated on Tuesday 2 June 2009

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many penalty notices for disorder were issued in 2004; for what offences such penalties were issued; and what percentage of penalty notices for disorder were paid in each year. (276185)

I have been asked to reply.

We are not able to identify how many and the percentage of those penalty notices which remain unpaid after (a) six and (b) 12 months, as it is not possible to provide separate enforcement rates for unpaid PNDs once they have been registered as fines by the courts.

Information held by the Ministry of Justice for the number of Penalty Notices for Disorder (PND) issued to persons in England and Wales aged 16 and over, by offence type, and the number paid within the suspended enforcement period, for the years 2004 to 2007 (latest available) are shown in the following tables 1 to 4.

Under the PND Scheme, recipients have 21 days (the suspended enforcement period) in which either to pay the penalty or opt to have their case heard in court. If no action is taken a fine of one and half times the penalty amount is registered against the recipient.

PND data for 2008 will be available in the autumn of 2009.

Table 1: Number of Penalty Notices for Disorder issued to all persons aged 16 and over, by Offence and Outcome, England and Wales 20041

Of those paid

Offence description

Number issued

Total paid in full

%

Paid in full within 21 days

%

Paid in full outside 21 days

%

£80 Tickets issued

Wasting police time

1,171

512

44

362

31

150

13

Misuse of public telecommunications system

117

52

44

36

31

16

14

Giving false alarm to fire and rescue authority

44

18

41

15

34

3

7

Causing Harassment, alarm or distress

28,790

14,306

50

10,240

36

4,066

14

Throwing fireworks

177

89

50

72

41

17

10

Drunk and disorderly

26,609

14,927

56

11,050

42

3,877

15

Criminal Damage (under £500)

1,190

681

57

528

44

153

13

Theft (retail under £200)

2,072

870

42

665

32

205

10

Breach of fireworks curfew

12

10

83

9

75

1

8

Possession of category 4 firework

12

5

42

1

8

4

33

Possession by a person under 18 of adult firework

20

10

50

9

45

1

5

Sale of alcohol to person under 18

113

74

65

62

55

12

11

Purchase alcohol for person under 18

84

55

65

49

58

6

7

Delivery of alcohol to person under 18 or allowing such delivery

20

9

45

4

20

5

25

£50 Tickets issued

Trespass on a railway

96

48

50

30

31

18

19

Throwing stones at a train/railway

66

35

53

27

41

8

12

Drunk in a highway

2,497

1,233

49

860

34

373

15

Consumption of alcohol in public place

485

113

23

82

17

31

6

Depositing and leaving litter

51

25

49

19

37

6

12

Consumption of alcohol by under 18 on relevant premises

7

3

43

3

43

Allowing consumption of alcohol by under 18 on relevant premises

6

3

50

3

50

All offences

63,639

33,078

52

24,126

38

8,952

14

Other outcomes

Offence description

Fine registered

%

Court hearing requested

%

PND cancelled

%

Potential prosecution

%

Outcome unknown

%

£80 Tickets issued

Wasting police time

579

49

15

1

32

3

30

3

3

0

Misuse of public telecommunications system

58

50

2

2

5

4

Giving false alarm to fire and rescue authority

22

50

2

5

1

2

1

2

Causing Harassment, alarm or distress

13,125

46

205

1

666

2

366

1

122

0

Throwing fireworks

80

45

1

1

6

3

1

1

Drunk and disorderly

11,035

41

109

0

346

1

144

1

48

0

Criminal Damage (under £500)

481

40

5

0

14

1

5

0

4

0

Theft (retail under £200)

1,128

54

13

1

30

1

12

1

19

1

Breach of fireworks curfew

2

17

Possession of category 4 firework

6

50

1

8

Possession by a person under 18 of adult firework

7

35

2

10

1

5

Sale of alcohol to person under 18

10

9

2

2

27

24

Purchase alcohol for person under 18

21

25

8

10

Delivery of alcohol to person under 18 or allowing such delivery

10

50

1

5

£50 Tickets issued

Trespass on a railway

45

47

1

1

1

1

1

1

Throwing stones at a train/railway

25

38

5

8

1

2

Drunk in a highway

1,166

47

6

0

75

3

9

0

8

0

Consumption of alcohol in public place

349

72

2

0

15

3

4

1

2

0

Depositing and leaving litter

25

49

1

2

Consumption of alcohol by under 18 on relevant premises

4

57

Allowing consumption of alcohol by under 18 on relevant premises

2

33

1

17

All offences

28,180

44

360

1

1,237

2

575

1

209

0

— = nil.

1 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

Source:

Office for Criminal Justice Reform - Evidence & Analysis unit.

Table 2: Number of Penalty Notices for Disorder issued to all persons aged 16 and over, by Offence and Outcome, England and Wales 20051

Of those paid

Offence code and description

Number issued

Total paid in full

%

Paid in full within 21 days

%

Paid in full outside 21 days

%

£80 Tickets issued

Wasting police time

2,525

1,199

47

890

35

309

12

Misuse of public telecommunications system

405

238

59

175

43

63

16

Giving false alarm to fire and rescue authority

92

49

53

35

38

14

15

Causing Harassment, alarm or distress

64,007

33,915

53

24,357

38

9,558

15

Throwing fireworks

642

347

54

253

39

94

15

Drunk and disorderly

37,038

20,862

56

15,420

42

5,442

15

Sale of alcohol to under 18

2,058

1,805

88

1,460

71

345

17

Purchasing alcohol for under 18

170

106

62

82

48

24

14

Purchasing alcohol for under 18 for consumption on premises

83

59

71

48

58

11

13

Delivery of alcohol to under 18

209

128

61

106

51

22

11

Criminal Damage (under £500)

12,168

6,996

57

5,180

43

1,816

15

Theft (retail under £200)

21,997

9,057

41

6,965

32

2,092

10

Breach of fireworks curfew

33

18

55

13

39

5

15

Possession of category 4 firework

13

5

38

4

31

1

8

Possession by a person under 18 of adult firework

47

29

62

21

45

8

17

Sale of alcohol to drunken person

32

24

75

13

41

11

34

Supply of alcohol to person under 18

3

2

66

1

33

1

33

£50 Tickets issued

Trespass on a railway

220

97

44

75

34

22

10

Throwing stones at a train / railway

20

13

65

9

45

4

20

Drunk in a highway

3,138

1,669

53

1,255

40

414

13

Consumption of alcohol in public place

712

168

24

113

16

55

8

Depositing and leaving litter

737

368

50

274

37

94

13

Consumption of alcohol by under 18 on licensed premises

84

66

79

54

64

12

14

Allowing consumption of alcohol for under 18

27

14

52

9

33

5

19

Buying alcohol by under 18

21

13

62

11

52

2

10

Total all offences

146,481

77,247

53

56,823

39

20,424

14

Other outcomes

Offence code and description

Fine registered

%

Court hearing requested

%

PND cancelled

%

Potential prosecution

%

Outcome unknown

%

£80 Tickets issued

Wasting police time

1,161

46

41

2

50

2

44

2

30

1

Misuse of public telecommunications system

140

35

7

2

10

2

7

2

3

1

Giving false alarm to fire and rescue authority

38

41

2

2

3

3

Causing Harassment, alarm or distress

26,754

42

706

1

1,251

2

808

1

573

1

Throwing fireworks

271

42

6

1

8

1

6

1

4

1

Drunk and disorderly

14,459

39

488

1

504

1

472

1

253

1

Sale of alcohol to under 18

211

10

5

0

30

1

4

0

3

0

Purchasing alcohol for under 18

60

35

2

1

1

1

1

1

Purchasing alcohol for under 18 for consumption on premises

23

28

1

1

Delivery of alcohol to under 18

70

33

3

1

5

2

2

1

1

0

Criminal Damage (under £500)

4,702

39

107

1

161

1

123

1

79

1

Theft (retail under £200)

11,927

54

187

1

301

1

292

1

233

1

Breach of fireworks curfew

14

42

1

3

Possession of category 4 firework

8

62

Possession by a person under 18 of adult firework

15

32

1

2

1

2

1

2

Sale of alcohol to drunken person

6

19

1

3

1

3

Supply of alcohol to person under 18

1

33

£50 Tickets issued

Trespass on a railway

115

52

3

1

2

1

3

1

Throwing stones at a train / railway

5

25

1

5

1

5

Drunk in a highway

1,339

43

18

1

59

2

31

1

22

1

Consumption of alcohol in public place

499

70

7

1

26

4

3

0

9

1

Depositing and leaving litter

325

44

8

1

23

3

5

1

8

1

Consumption of alcohol by under 18 on licensed premises

16

19

2

2

Allowing consumption of alcohol for under 18

12

44

1

4

Buying alcohol by under 18

8

38

Total all offences

62,179

42

1,588

1

2,437

2

1,805

1

1,225

1

— = nil.

1 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

Source:

Office for Criminal Justice Reform - Evidence & Analysis unit.

Table 3: Number of Penalty Notices for Disorder issued to all persons aged 16 and over, by Offence and Outcome, England and Wales 20061

Of those paid

Offence description

Number issued

Total paid in full

%

Paid in full within 21 days

%

Paid in full outside 21 days

%

£80 Tickets issued

Wasting police time

3,933

1,911

49

1,355

34

556

14

Misuse of public telecommunications system

909

523

58

388

43

135

15

Giving false alarm to fire and rescue authority

106

43

41

35

33

8

8

Causing Harassment, alarm or distress

82,235

43,120

52

30,757

37

12,363

15

Throwing fireworks

682

380

56

267

39

113

17

Drunk and disorderly

43,556

24,673

57

18,123

42

6,550

15

Criminal Damage (under £500)

20,620

11,351

55

8,342

40

3,009

15

Theft (retail under £200)

38,772

16,169

42

12,370

32

3,799

10

Breach of fireworks curfew

53

34

64

27

51

7

13

Possession of category 4 firework

28

12

43

9

32

3

11

Possession by a person under 18 of adult firework

76

51

67

34

45

17

22

Sale of alcohol to drunken person

47

35

74

29

62

6

13

Supply of alcohol to person under 18

60

53

88

41

68

12

20

Sale of alcohol to person under 18

3,195

2,756

86

2,354

74

402

13

Purchase alcohol for person under 18

407

268

66

213

52

55

14

Purchase alcohol for person under 18 for consumption on premises

60

39

65

35

58

4

7

Delivery of alcohol to person under 18 or allowing such delivery

297

176

59

132

44

44

15

£50 Tickets issued

Trespass on a railway

1,042

551

53

320

31

231

22

Throwing stones at a train/railway

15

6

40

5

33

1

7

Drunk in a highway

2,712

1,433

53

1,064

39

369

14

Consumption of alcohol in public place

1,061

252

24

165

16

87

8

Depositing and leaving litter

1,169

593

51

427

37

166

14

Consumption of alcohol by under 18 on relevant premises

75

55

73

46

61

9

12

Allowing consumption of alcohol by under 18 on relevant premises

14

10

71

10

71

Buying or Attempting to buy alcohol by person under 18

73

52

71

43

59

9

12

All offences

201,197

104,546

52

76,591

38

27,955

14

Other outcomes

Offence description

Fine registered

%

Court hearing requested

%

PND cancelled

%

Potential prosecution

%

Outcome unknown

%

£80 Tickets issued

Wasting police time

1,787

45

44

1

108

3

81

2

2

0

Misuse of public telecommunications system

319

35

14

2

26

3

24

3

3

0

Giving false alarm to fire and rescue authority

52

49

6

6

5

5

Causing Harassment, alarm or distress

35,154

43

780

1

1,914

2

1,126

1

141

0

Throwing fireworks

264

39

5

1

23

3

10

1

Drunk and disorderly

16,919

39

269

1

886

2

725

2

84

0

Criminal Damage (under £500)

8,492

41

134

1

324

2

287

1

32

0

Theft (retail under £200)

21,157

55

203

1

732

2

392

1

119

0

Breach of fireworks curfew

16

30

1

2

1

2

1

2

Possession of category 4 firework

15

54

1

4

Possession by a person under 18 of adult firework

21

28

3

4

1

1

Sale of alcohol to drunken person

9

19

1

2

2

4

Supply of alcohol to person under 18

7

12

Sale of alcohol to person under 18

390

12

6

0

30

1

10

0

3

0

Purchase alcohol for person under 18

122

30

1

0

10

2

6

1

Purchase alcohol for person under 18 for consumption on premises

20

33

1

2

Delivery of alcohol to person under 18 or allowing such delivery

99

33

3

1

14

5

3

1

2

1

£50 Tickets issued

Trespass on a railway

463

44

2

0

19

2

6

1

1

0

Throwing stones at a train/railway

6

40

2

13

1

7

Drunk in a highway

1,158

43

7

0

94

3

16

1

4

0

Consumption of alcohol in public place

749

71

7

1

45

4

6

1

2

0

Depositing and leaving litter

536

46

3

0

26

2

10

1

1

0

Consumption of alcohol by under 18 on relevant premises

17

23

2

3

1

1

Allowing consumption of alcohol by under 18 on relevant premises

4

29

Buying or Attempting to buy alcohol by person under 18

20

27

1

1

All offences

87,796

44

1,480

1

4,268

2

2,710

1

397

0

— = nil.

1 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

Source:

Office for Criminal Justice Reform - Evidence & Analysis unit.

Table 4: Number of Penalty Notices for Disorder issued to all persons aged 16 and over, by Offence and Outcome, England and Wales 20071

Of those paid

Offence description

Number issued

Total paid in full

%

Paid in full within 21 days

%

Paid in full outside 21 days

%

£80 Tickets issued

Wasting police time

3,966

1,862

47

1,384

35

478

12

Misuse of public telecommunications system

1,193

670

56

526

44

144

12

Giving false alarm to fire and rescue authority

96

55

57

38

40

17

18

Causing Harassment, alarm or distress

77,827

40,357

52

30,761

40

9,596

12

Throwing fireworks

649

374

58

290

45

84

13

Drunk and disorderly

46,996

26,367

56

19,727

42

6,640

14

Criminal Damage (under £500)

19,946

11,072

56

8,401

42

2,671

13

Theft (retail under £200)

45,146

19,111

42

15,390

34

3,721

8

Breach of fireworks curfew

39

25

64

20

51

5

13

Possession of category 4 firework

22

10

45

7

32

3

14

Possession by a person under 18 of adult firework

106

67

63

57

54

10

9

Sale of alcohol to drunken person

81

64

79

50

62

14

17

Supply of alcohol to person under 18

54

41

76

31

57

10

19

Sale of alcohol to person under 18

3,583

3,074

86

2,623

73

451

13

Purchase alcohol for person under 18

555

320

58

244

44

76

14

Purchase alcohol for person under 18 for consumption on premises

64

31

48

23

36

8

13

Delivery of alcohol to person under 18 or allowing such delivery

431

268

62

219

51

49

11

£50 Tickets issued

Trespass on a railway

1,527

780

51

441

29

339

22

Throwing stones at a train/railway

25

13

52

11

44

2

8

Drunk in a highway

2,066

1,146

55

942

46

204

10

Consumption of alcohol in public place

1,544

328

21

259

17

69

4

Depositing and leaving litter

1,374

705

51

541

39

164

12

Consumption of alcohol by under 18 on relevant premises

85

67

79

55

65

12

14

Allowing consumption of alcohol by under 18 on relevant premises

11

9

82

8

73

1

9

Buying or Attempting to buy alcohol by person under 18

158

109

69

85

54

24

15

All offences

207,544

106,925

52

82,133

40

24,792

12

Other outcomes

Offence description

Fine registered

%

Court hearing requested

%

PND cancelled

%

Potential prosecution

%

Outcome unknown

%

£80 Tickets issued

Wasting police time

1,807

46

34

1

122

3

140

4

1

0

Misuse of public telecommunications system

431

36

17

1

43

4

32

3

Giving false alarm to fire and rescue authority

37

39

3

3

1

1

Causing Harassment, alarm or distress

33,021

42

626

1

2,210

3

1,577

2

36

0

Throwing fireworks

223

34

9

1

30

5

13

2

Drunk and disorderly

18,161

39

244

1

1,038

2

1,177

3

9

0

Criminal Damage (under £500)

7,979

40

112

1

384

2

393

2

6

0

Theft (retail under £200)

24,344

54

172

0

988

2

507

1

24

0

Breach of fireworks curfew

13

33

1

3

Possession of category 4 firework

10

45

2

9

Possession by a person under 18 of adult firework

31

29

1

1

5

5

2

2

Sale of alcohol to drunken person

9

11

3

4

2

2

3

4

Supply of alcohol to person under 18

11

20

1

2

1

2

Sale of alcohol to person under 18

405

11

13

0

69

2

22

1

Purchase alcohol for person under 18

211

38

4

1

14

3

5

1

1

0

Purchase alcohol for person under 18 for consumption on premises

22

34

10

16

1

2

Delivery of alcohol to person under 18 or allowing such delivery

138

32

1

0

19

4

5

1

£50 Tickets issued

Trespass on a railway

675

44

45

3

26

2

1

0

Throwing stones at a train/railway

10

40

2

8

Drunk in a highway

788

38

8

0

94

5

30

1

Consumption of alcohol in public place

1,090

71

6

0

87

6

32

2

1

0

Depositing and leaving litter

589

43

2

0

64

5

13

1

1

0

Consumption of alcohol by under 18 on relevant premises

16

19

2

2

Allowing consumption of alcohol by under 18 on relevant premises

1

9

1

9

Buying or Attempting to buy alcohol by person under 18

35

22

13

8

1

1

All offences

90,057

43

1,253

1

5,249

3

3,980

2

80

0

— = nil.

1 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

Source:

Office for Criminal Justice Reform - Evidence & Analysis unit.