Poverty is a complex and multidimensional issue and, as such, there are many possible measures of poverty.
Our public service agreement “Tackle poverty and promote greater independence and wellbeing in later life” includes a range of indicators related to low income for pensioners. These are relative low income (below 50 and 60 per cent. contemporary median household income), and absolute low income (below 60 per cent. of 1998-99 median income uprated in line with prices), all measured after housing costs have been taken into account.
The estimated number of pensioners living below each of these low income thresholds by each English region in 1996-97 and 2007-08 are published in Households Below Average Income 1994-95 to 2007-08, a copy of which is available in the Library.