A revenue share/support mechanism means that where a train operating company generates revenue in excess of those agreed in their winning bid, the Government are entitled to a share, and similarly where revenue is lower, the Government supports the train operating company. The following train operating companies have a revenue share/support mechanism in their franchise agreement:
Arriva Cross Country (AXC)
East Midland Trains (EMT)
First Capital Connect FCC)
First Great Western (FGW)
London Midland (LOM)
London South Eastern Railway
National Express East Anglia (NXEA)
National Express East Coast (NXEC)
Stagecoach South Western (SSW)
Virgin West Coast (VWC).
The recently let South Central, to begin in September of this year, has a revenue share/support mechanism.
Arriva Train Wales is part funded by the Department for Transport but is managed by the Welsh Assembly.