The Home Office does not have a single crime prevention budget. Funding through the Local Area Agreements and support for Crime and Disorder Partnerships, including police funding, all contributes to locally agreed work to prevent crime.
In addition to this, the Home Office funds projects and initiatives targeted at preventing crime through: offender-based interventions (to reduce recidivism); diversion and deterrence, especially around young people and those exposed to the problems of drug and alcohol misuse, antisocial behaviour, delinquency, chaotic families and poor parenting; support for victims, particularly victims of sexual or domestic violence (to reduce repeat victimisation and encourage the reporting of crime); improved local agency responses to antisocial behaviour and crime problems; and advice and practical measures of support for members of the public.
Funding goes towards national initiatives, support for police and other crime-reduction partners in the development and use of new techniques, tools and powers, and grants for third sector organisations for the delivery of Home Office programmes or to support innovative approaches that contribute to crime reduction. In terms of national initiatives, programme and capital expenditure for 2009-10 has been planned for the following areas:
1. Preventing serious acquisitive crime, including the Safer Homes Action Against Burglary projects, the Vigilance Programme, and funding towards AVCIS (the ACPO Vehicle Crime Intelligence Service).
Public space violence
2. Tackling gang-related crime, and preventing gun and knife-related violence, including the Community Fund grant programme for voluntary and community sector organisations located in areas where gun and knife crime are a particular problem.
3. Tackling serious youth violence, including the Tackling Knives Action Programme.
4. Preventing the incidence of hate crime, including through the Government's Victims' Fund and the delivery of the hate crime action plan.
Sexual and domestic violence
5. Supporting sexual and domestic violence victims, including funding for multi-agency risk assessment conferences, and the expansion of ISVA (independent sexual violence adviser) services and sexual assault referral centres.
6. Reducing violence against women, including the Together We Can End Violence against Women and Girls public consultation.
7. The Child Sex Offender Disclosure Pilots.
8. Preventing the incidence of other forms of inter-personal violence, including funding for the Forced Marriage Unit and a cross-Government co-ordinator on female genital mutilation.
Youth crime, antisocial behaviour, and community justice
9. Youth Crime Action Plan initiatives.
10. Youth Justice Board crime prevention initiatives.
11. Supporting members of the public and local agencies in dealing with antisocial behaviour, including the Antisocial Behaviour Action Squad.
12. Piloting a community justice panel.
13. Funding towards the UK National Wildlife Crime Unit.
14. Offender-based intervention, including the Prolific and other Priority Offenders programme, Drug Interventions Programme, and encouraging the take-up of Integrated Offender Management approaches.
Alcohol and drugs misuse
15. The 2008 drug strategy delivery programme, including pilots to test new approaches to drug treatment and a national cannabis cultivation coordinator.
16. Named drug workers within youth offending teams.
17. Piloting family drug and alcohol courts.
18. Alcohol Arrest Referral pilots.
19. Improving alcohol law enforcement, including a programme of training and guidance for local practitioners.
20. The Positive Futures social inclusion programme for disadvantaged and socially marginalised young people.
21. Drugs licensing and compliance (issue of licences to companies and individuals within England, Wales and Scotland who wish to produce, supply, possess or import/export controlled drugs).
22. Grant funding support for crime third sector organisations, including the Crimestoppers Trust and the Neighbourhood Watch movement.