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Immigration

Volume 497: debated on Tuesday 13 October 2009

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many overstayers have (a) been granted (i) leave to remain and (ii) settlement and (b) been deported or otherwise removed from the UK in each year since 1997. (291300)

[holding answer 16 September 2009]: The information requested could only be obtained at disproportionate cost by undertaking a search of individual case records.

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many cases dealt with under the legacy exercise in which leave to remain in the UK has been granted concerned individuals who (a) had been refused asylum and (b) had been refused leave to remain under the October 2003 family indefinite leave to remain exercise. (291302)

[holding answer 16 September 2009]: The information requested is not reported on by the Case Resolution Directorate and could be obtained only at a disproportionate cost through the examination of individual case files.

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many applications for indefinite leave to remain from those with (a) 10 years' lawful residence, (b) 14 years' lawful residence or (c) 14 years' unlawful residence are awaiting determination by the UK Border Agency. (291735)

The number of applications awaiting conclusion are:

(1) 3,136 for those with 10 years continuous lawful residence;

(2) 6,900 for those with either 14 years continued residence, lawful or unlawful.

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many applications for indefinite leave to remain from those with 14 years' unlawful residence are awaiting allocation to a caseworker by the UK Border Agency. (291736)

UKBA Management Information records applications from those with over 14 years continuous residence and does not differentiate between residence applications from lawful and unlawful applicants. To ascertain the number would therefore require examination of each application at disproportionate expense.

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many people have immigrated to the UK who were not British citizens or citizens of another EU member state in each year since 1989. (291837)

I have been asked to reply.

This information requested falls within the responsibility of the UK Statistics Authority. I have asked them to reply.

Letter from Jil Matheson, dated September 2009:

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your Parliamentary Question concerning how many people have immigrated to the UK who were not British citizens or citizens of another EU member state in each year since 1989. (291837)

Table 1, attached, gives estimates of international immigration of those who were not British citizens or citizens of another EU member state between 1989 and 2007. The estimates for 1989 and 1990 are derived from the International Passenger Survey (IPS) only. The estimates for 1991 to 2007 are IPS-based but have also been adjusted to account for asylum seekers, people migrating to and from the Republic of Ireland, and people whose intended length of stay has changed from their original intentions. The information required to make these adjustments is not available prior to 1991. Estimates of the number of immigrants by citizenship are published and can be found on the ONS website at:

http://www.statistics.gov.uk/StatBase/Product.asp?vlnk=507

Table 1: International immigration: United Kingdom: Estimates 1989 to 2007, non-EU citizens

Thousand

1989

114

19901

124

19912

167

1992

131

1993

135

1994

156

1995

167

1996

152

1997

166

1998

206

1999

272

2000

316

2001

313

2002

357

2003

344

2004

370

2005

317

2006

343

2007

305

1 Estimates from 1989 and 1990 are based on the International Passenger Survey (IPS) only.

2 Estimates from 1991 to 2007 are based on the IPS and adjusted for asylum seekers, people migrating to and from the Republic of Ireland, and people whose intended length of stay has changed from their original intentions

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many (a) employment-related grants of settlement, (b) family formation and reunion grants of settlement and (c) other grants of settlement on a discretionary basis have been made in (i) each quarter since 1 January 2006 and (ii) each year since 1992. (291838)

The latest quarterly figures were published in table 14 in the “Control of Immigration: Quarterly Statistical Summary, United Kingdom—Second Quarter 2009”. A copy of the table is as follows. Data for quarter three are scheduled for publication on 26 November 2009.

Home Office statistical publications are available from the Library of the House and from the Home Office Research, Development and Statistics website at:

http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/immigration-asylum-stats.html

The latest annual figures from 1997 are given in table 1. It is not possible to provide information in the format requested prior to 1997 as this would incur disproportionate cost.

Table 1: Grants of settlement by category of grant, excluding EEA and Swiss nationals1,2 1997 to 2008, United Kingdom

Number of persons

Broad category of grant

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

Employment7

Employment with a work permit after 4/5 years

2,840

3,150

3,280

4,445

4,335

5,845

Spouses and dependants

3,565

3,790

3,580

5,140

5,045

6,835

Permit-free employment, businessman, persons of independent means

975

1,060

835

1,685

1,050

1,095

Spouses and dependants

1,195

1,190

1,005

1,115

845

680

Commonwealth citizens with a UK-born grandparent

1,110

1,675

2,240

2,580

3,255

4,060

Spouses and dependants

225

365

540

640

725

1,290

Total employment-related grants

9,910

11,230

11,480

15,610

15,255

19,800

Asylum8

Refugees9 and persons given exceptional leave to remain

4,830

6,680

22,505

25,355

17,965

18,235

Spouses and dependants

6,950

5,955

16,155

20,600

10,555

11,705

Total asylum-related grants

11,780

12,630

38,660

45,950

28,520

29,940

Family formation and reunion10

Husbands11

10,715

13,020

14,580

14,495

16,915

15,520

Wives11

16,310

18,515

20,095

24,265

26,835

25,120

Children

3,830

3,865

4,340

6,870

6,795

6,355

Parents and grandparents

1,185

1,335

1,080

2,435

1,760

1,750

Other and unspecified dependants

945

288

2,065

5,000

4,570

4,015

Total family grants

32,985

39,615

42,155

53,065

56,875

52,760

Other grants on a discretionary basis12

4,050

6,305

4,820

11,320

7,760

10,980

Category unknown

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

2,490

Grand total

58,725

69,790

97,115

125,945

108,410

115,965

Number of persons

Broad category of grant

20033

20044, 5

20054

20064

20074, 6

20084, 6 *

Employment7

Employment with a work permit after 4/5 years

9,190

16,205

25,470

11,270

15,165

23,275

Spouses and dependants

10,620

17,050

27,340

12,340

18,065

30,580

Permit-free employment, businessman, persons of independent means

1,550

1,545

1,945

3,265

865

2,065

Spouses and dependants

1,050

1,020

1,570

2,315

700

1,790

Commonwealth citizens with a UK-born grandparent

5,275

4,755

4,795

1,900

1,675

2,090

Spouses and dependants

1,945

1,680

1,895

740

730

970

Total employment-related grants

29,635

42,260

63,015

31,830

37,210

60,770

Asylum8

Refugees9 and persons given exceptional leave to remain

12,185

19,025

33,850

19,075

10,250

2,965

Spouses and dependants

9,915

33,525

33,960

11,580

3,940

755

Total asylum-related grants

22,105

52,555

67,810

30,655

14,190

3,720

Family formation and reunion10

Husbands11

17,370

8,185

8,710

15,520

13,810

15,985

Wives11

30,790

12,920

15,585

27,200

23,175

25,335

Children

8,950

5,850

6,715

9,290

8,495

8,250

Parents and grandparents

3,090

1,985

1,450

1,470

1,000

970

Other and unspecified dependants

5,000

4,300

4,880

6,325

4,345

4,780

Total family grants

65,200

33,240

37,335

59,800

50,820

55,325

Other grants on a discretionary basis12

16,160

6,715

6,400

7,720

18,750

28,030

Category unknown

6,175

4,440

4,565

4,440

3,880

900

Grand total

139,280

139,210

179,120

134,445

124,855

148,740

* = Provisional

n/a = Not applicable

1 Nationals of EU accession countries are included or excluded according to their accession date.

2 Data from 2003 exclude dependants of EEA and Swiss nationals in confirmed relationships granted permanent residence.

3 Excludes reconsideration cases.

4 May include a small number of cases in which a decision is recorded twice, where an individual has dual nationality.

5 Includes nationals of Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia before 1 May 2004, but excludes them from this date.

6 Excludes Bulgaria and Romania.

7 In 2006 the qualifying period for settlement in all employment-related categories changed from four to five years.

8 Includes grants under the Family ILR exercise.

9 Excludes reconsideration cases and the outcome of appeals.

10 Spouses and dependants joining British citizens or persons previously granted settlement.

11 Includes civil and unmarried partners.

12 Data for 2007 and 2008 include persons granted indefinite leave outside the immigration rules under measures aimed at clearing the backlog of outstanding unresolved cases.

Data rounded to the nearest 5.

Table 14: Grants of settlement1, 2, 3 by category of grant, excluding EEA and Swiss nationals4, 5, Q1 2006 to Q2 2009

Number of persons

Broad category of grant

2006

2007

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Total

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Total

Employment6

Employment with a work permit after 4/5 years

7,210

2,670

685

710

11,270

1,350

2,880

5,550

5,385

15,165

Spouses and dependants

8,255

2,900

635

550

12,340

1,150

3,470

6,795

6,650

18,065

Permit-free employment, businessman, persons of independent means

705

1,820

620

120

3,265

90

175

340

265

865

Spouses and dependants

530

1,305

400

75

2,315

40

120

305

240

700

Commonwealth citizens with a UK-born grandparent

1,380

390

75

50

1,900

90

400

710

480

1,675

Spouses and dependants

520

160

40

20

740

30

150

325

230

730

Total employment-related grants

18,600

9,245

2,455

1,530

31,830

2,750

7,195

14,020

13,250

37,210

Asylum7

Refugees8 and persons given ELR, HP or DL9

7,460

3,770

2,365

5,480

19,075

4,350

4,630

735

540

10,250

Spouses and dependants

6,315

2,460

1,330

1,480

11,580

1,575

1,390

570

405

3,940

Total asylum-related grants

13,775

6,225

3,695

6,960

30,655

5,920

6,020

1,300

945

14,190

Family formation and reunion10

Husbands11

4,235

3,815

3,995

3,475

15,520

4,340

3,010

3,380

3,080

13,810

Wives11

7,040

6,805

7,290

6,065

27,200

7,215

5,095

5,760

5,100

23,175

Children

2,445

2,375

2,695

1,775

9,290

2,010

2,445

2,305

1,735

8,495

Parents and grandparents

400

355

360

355

1,470

285

280

215

220

1,000

Other and unspecified dependants

1,570

1,655

1,720

1,380

6,325

960

1,075

1,340

970

4,345

Total family grants

15,690

15,010

16,055

13,050

59,800

14,810

11,905

13,000

11,110

50,820

Other grants on a discretionary basis12

1,700

1,810

2,180

2,030

7,720

1,490

985

5,785

10,495

18,750

Category unknown

1,205

1,175

1,045

1,015

4,440

1,165

995

930

795

3,880

All grants of settlement

50,965

33,465

25,430

24,585

134,445

26,130

27,095

35,040

36,590

124,855

Number of persons

2008p, r

2009p

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Total

Q1

Q2

Employment6

Employment with a work permit after 4/5 years

6,210

5,765

5,585

5,715

23,275

6,565

6,565

Spouses and dependants

7,815

7,210

7,360

8,190

30,580

9,185

9,895

1,000

Permit-free employment, businessman, persons of independent means

435

470

605

555

2,065

575

Spouses and dependants

380

400

510

500

1,790

540

1,260

Commonwealth citizens with a UK-born grandparent

655

610

445

375

2,090

460

705

Spouses and dependants

280

300

225

165

970

225

369

Total employment-related grants

15,775

14,755

14,730

15,505

60,770

17,550

19,815

496

Asylum7

Refugees8 and persons given ELR, HP or DL9

480

535

1,050

900

2,965

535

111

Spouses and dependants

230

115

190

220

755

270

Total asylum-related grants

710

650

1,240

1,115

3,720

805

19,815

Family formation and reunion10

Husbands11

3,995

4,455

4,140

3,395

15,985

6,250

4,521

Wives11

6,185

7,105

6,440

5,605

25,335

10,425

8,420

Children

1,920

2,235

2,245

1,850

8,250

2,250

2,560

Parents and grandparents

240

280

245

210

970

125

Other and unspecified dependants

1,190

1,425

1,220

940

4,780

810

1,210

Total family grants

13,530

15,495

14,290

12,005

55,325

19,860

16,965

Other grants on a discretionary basis12

10,195

5,375

5,455

7,005

28,030

19,860

16,965

Category unknown

375

235

190

100

900

95

8,682

All grants of settlement

40,590

36,510

35,910

35,730

148,740

44,870

46,120

P = Provisional figures.

R = revised figures.

1 Figures rounded to the nearest 5 and may not sum to the totals shown because of independent rounding.

2 Includes reconsideration cases and the outcome of appeals.

3 May include a small number of cases in which a decision is recorded twice, where an individual has dual nationality.

4 Data exclude dependants of EEA and Swiss nationals in confirmed relationships granted permanent residence.

5 Excludes Bulgaria and Romania from 1 January 2007.

6 In April 2006, the qualifying period for settlement in all employment-related categories changed from 4 to 5 years delaying grants of settlement that would otherwise have occurred earlier.

7 Asylum-related grants of settlement were at high levels between Q1 2006 and Q2 2007 due to the Family Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) exercise and due to grants to persons given exceptional leave four years previously.

8 Excludes reconsideration cases and the outcome of appeals.

9 Exceptional leave to remain (ELR), Humanitarian Protection (HP), Discretionary Leave (DL).

10 Spouses and dependants joining British citizens or persons previously granted settlement.

11 Includes civil and unmarried partners.

12 Data from Q3 2007 include persons granted indefinite leave outside the immigration rules under measures aimed at clearing the backlog of outstanding unresolved cases.

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many grants of settlement have been made to persons granted indefinite leave outside the immigration rules under measures aimed at clearing the backlog of unresolved cases in each year since the inception of such measures. (291841)

The Case Resolution Directorate was set up in April 2007 to deal with the backlog of unresolved asylum cases. The Case Resolution Directorate grants both indefinite leave to remain and limited leave depending on the individual circumstances of the case. UKBA does not hold records of the number of individuals granted indefinite leave to remain each year and this information could be obtained only at disproportionate costs.

Lin Homer, the Chief Executive of the United Kingdom Border Agency, provides a six-monthly written update to the Home Affairs Select Committee which details the total number of concluded cases, broken down by removals, grants of status and other conclusions. Copies of these letters are available in the House of Commons Library.