[holding answer 21 October 2009]: A combination of military and non-military pressure on the Democratic Liberation Forces of Rwanda (FDLR), and political co-operation between the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Rwanda, remains the most likely way of tackling the FDLR.
Both countries recently announced their ambassadors, and Congolese President Kabila and Rwandan President Kagame held their first ever bilateral summit in August. We continue to encourage DRC and Rwanda to work on other key areas, such as border security, trade and the return of refugees.
[holding answer 21 October 2009]: The UK has stressed on various occasions to the UN that the UN Mission in the Democratic of Congo (DRC) (MONUC) should not provide such support, including to operations which involve Bosco Ntadanga, an International Criminal Court indictee. MONUC has assured the international community that it takes every effort to avoid doing so.
The UK continues to push for implementation of this policy. DRC President Kabila recently announced a policy of “Zero Tolerance” for abuses, including those committed by the security forces. We continue to urge the DRC Government to fully implement this policy.