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Democratic Republic of Congo: Armed Conflict

Volume 498: debated on Monday 26 October 2009

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what steps he is taking to promote full implementation by the Governments of Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo of their commitments to non-military policies to disarm, demobilise and repatriate members of the FDLR, as agreed in the 2007 Nairobi Communiqué; and if he will make a statement. (294737)

[holding answer 21 October 2009]: A combination of military and non-military pressure on the Democratic Liberation Forces of Rwanda (FDLR), and political co-operation between the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Rwanda, remains the most likely way of tackling the FDLR.

Both countries recently announced their ambassadors, and Congolese President Kabila and Rwandan President Kagame held their first ever bilateral summit in August. We continue to encourage DRC and Rwanda to work on other key areas, such as border security, trade and the return of refugees.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what steps he is taking to ensure that, in the course of Operation Kimia 2, MONUC is not directly or indirectly supporting FARDC members who have been accused of war crimes; and if he will make a statement. (294738)

[holding answer 21 October 2009]: The UK has stressed on various occasions to the UN that the UN Mission in the Democratic of Congo (DRC) (MONUC) should not provide such support, including to operations which involve Bosco Ntadanga, an International Criminal Court indictee. MONUC has assured the international community that it takes every effort to avoid doing so.

The UK continues to push for implementation of this policy. DRC President Kabila recently announced a policy of “Zero Tolerance” for abuses, including those committed by the security forces. We continue to urge the DRC Government to fully implement this policy.