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Drug Interventions Programme

Volume 498: debated on Monday 26 October 2009

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many and what proportion of people arrested and tested under the Drug Interventions Programme were positive for (a) heroin and (b) crack cocaine in each police force area in each year since 2003. (294178)

The drug testing of offenders for specified Class A drugs (heroin and cocaine/crack) in police custody came into operation from 2003 across 30 Basic Command Units (BCUs) as part of the Drug Interventions Programme (DIP). Since that time the programme has expanded in a phased approach to 66 BCUs in 2004 and some 107 BCUs in 2005. DIP currently conducts drug testing in 109 BCUs across England and Wales.

Only offenders arrested or charged with a “trigger offence”—largely acquisitive crime related offences—are required to provide a sample to be tested for specified Class A drugs.

Tables 1, 2 and 3 show the number of positive tests under the Drug Interventions Programme for heroin only, cocaine only, and heroin and cocaine combined, for each financial year since data were available.

Table 1: Heroin only

Force

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

Avon and Somerset

223

213

408

319

334

Bedfordshire

179

223

328

90

165

Cambridgeshire

164

157

277

196

244

City of London

124

84

102

Cleveland

596

516

1,073

988

1,031

Devon and Cornwall

222

160

126

79

55

Greater Manchester

1,299

1,834

2,436

1,762

1,947

Gwent

39

111

87

180

Humberside

510

545

871

663

878

Lancashire

244

278

237

217

207

Leicestershire

212

382

641

529

808

Merseyside

480

361

521

705

1,175

Metropolitan police

1,393

1,932

2,935

2,326

2,763

North Wales

220

149

122

124

145

Northamptonshire

134

186

167

206

Northumbria

591

750

1,426

1,108

1,106

Nottinghamshire

558

953

1,617

989

852

South Wales

1

499

557

532

678

South Yorkshire

823

1,446

1,710

1,392

1,427

Staffordshire

171

127

191

183

58

Thames Valley

232

170

299

356

545

West Midlands

898

2,157

3,063

2,571

2,746

West Yorkshire

817

1,229

2,184

1,854

1,890

Table 2: Cocaine only (both powder cocaine and crack cocaine)

Force

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

Avon and Somerset

310

327

610

756

920

Bedfordshire

156

333

667

429

371

Cambridgeshire

58

69

114

190

223

City of London

228

274

206

Cleveland

271

274

696

1,011

994

Devon and Cornwall

19

37

26

47

41

Greater Manchester

1,051

1,872

2,816

3,840

3,080

Gwent

58

64

90

86

Humberside

223

188

431

583

565

Lancashire

46

63

47

76

111

Leicestershire

127

143

372

408

569

Merseyside

584

516

1,401

2,781

3,396

Metropolitan police

3,327

3,700

8,469

10,084

9,450

North Wales

27

33

34

71

64

Northamptonshire

123

298

375

342

Northumbria

210

391

1,091

1,140

1,208

Nottinghamshire

355

647

1,350

1,377

1,215

South Wales

181

166

326

351

South Yorkshire

381

656

906

1,425

1,298

Staffordshire

48

39

51

66

25

Thames Valley

292

359

658

1,012

914

West Midlands

726

1,205

3,012

4,921

4,592

West Yorkshire

358

620

1,909

3,165

3,116

Table 3: Both heroin and cocaine (both powder cocaine and crack cocaine)

Force

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

Avon and Somerset

609

697

1,335

1,402

1,194

Bedfordshire

276

421

960

527

347

Cambridgeshire

67

126

179

215

272

City of London

361

350

206

Cleveland

391

457

1,048

1,166

880

Devon and Cornwall

28

46

25

33

15

Greater Manchester

1,480

2,612

3,392

3,384

2,718

Gwent

64

129

157

102

Humberside

282

316

712

850

599

Lancashire

126

123

114

156

86

Leicestershire

140

242

463

479

537

Merseyside

1,483

1,213

2,114

2,223

2,265

Metropolitan police

3,528

4,844

8,801

8,733

7,372

North Wales

77

68

66

90

58

Northamptonshire

136

254

206

169

Northumbria

142

333

553

548

537

Nottinghamshire

566

1,374

2,342

1,720

1,188

South Wales

318

235

383

339

South Yorkshire

833

1,455

2,182

1,954

1,499

Staffordshire

102

92

89

94

39

Thames Valley

528

518

919

1,152

973

West Midlands

1,235

2,816

5,268

5,677

4,647

West Yorkshire

747

1,298

3,272

3,637

2,959

Tables 4, 5 and 6 show the proportion of tests under DIP which were positive for heroin only, cocaine only, and heroin and cocaine combined, for each financial year since data were available.

Table 4: Heroin only

Percentage

Force

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

Avon and Somerset

11

10

8

6

6

Bedfordshire

16

12

7

4

7

Cambridgeshire

20

14

13

10

11

City of London

7

5

6

Cleveland

23

21

16

13

13

Devon and Cornwall

32

23

22

13

17

Greater Manchester

13

11

10

7

8

Gwent

11

17

13

18

Humberside

17

20

15

11

13

Lancashire

26

27

23

20

18

Leicestershire

16

17

13

12

14

Merseyside

11

9

6

6

7

Metropolitan police

8

9

5

4

5

North Wales

31

28

24

16

21

Northamptonshire

14

8

6

8

Northumbria

21

18

14

12

10

Nottinghamshire

18

14

11

9

8

South Wales

100

21

24

18

19

South Yorkshire

20

18

14

12

11

Staffordshire

24

25

26

22

17

Thames Valley

11

8

6

6

7

West Midlands

14

17

10

7

8

West Yorkshire

18

17

10

7

7

Table 5: Cocaine only (both powder cocaine and crack cocaine)

Percentage

Force

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

Avon and Somerset

15

16

12

15

17

Bedfordshire

14

18

14

17

15

Cambridgeshire

7

6

5

10

10

City of London

13

15

12

Cleveland

10

11

11

14

13

Devon and Cornwall

3

5

5

8

13

Greater Manchester

11

11

12

16

13

Gwent

16

10

13

9

Humberside

7

7

7

10

8

Lancashire

5

6

5

7

10

Leicestershire

10

6

8

9

10

Merseyside

13

13

17

23

21

Metropolitan police

20

17

16

19

18

North Wales

4

6

7

9

9

Northamptonshire

13

12

14

13

Northumbria

8

9

11

12

11

Nottinghamshire

11t

9

9

13

12

South Wales

0

8

7

11

10

South Yorkshire

9

8

8

12

10

Staffordshire

7

8

7

8

7

Thames Valley

14

17

14

16

12

West Midlands

11

9

10

14

13

West Yorkshire

8

9

9

13

12

Table 6: Both heroin and cocaine (both powder cocaine and crack cocaine)

Percentage

Force

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

Avon and Somerset

30

33

26

28

22

Bedfordshire

24

23

21

21

14

Cambridgeshire

8

11

8

11

12

City of London

20

19

12

Cleveland

15

19

16

16

11

Devon and Cornwall

4

7

4

5

5

Greater Manchester

15

16

14

14

11

Gwent

18

20

23

10

Humberside

9

12

12

14

9

Lancashire

14

12

11

14

8

Leicestershire

11

11

10

11

9

Merseyside

33

31

25

18

14

Metropolitan police

21

23

16

16

14

North Wales

11

13

13

11

8

Northamptonshire

14

10

8

6

Northumbria

5

8

5

6

5

Nottinghamshire

18

20

16

16

11

South Wales

0

13

10

13

9

South Yorkshire

20

18

18

16

12

Staffordshire

14

18

12

12

11

Thames Valley

26

24

19

18

13

West Midlands

19

22

17

16

13

West Yorkshire

17

18

15

15

11

The question asks for numbers testing positive for crack cocaine. It is not possible to provide data on positive tests for crack cocaine only because the drug test conducted as part of DIP does not distinguish between powder cocaine and crack cocaine.

Between 2003 and 2005 the programme operated drug testing at the point of charge. From 2005 to the present time the programme has operated drug testing at the point of arrest, which has led to an increase in the number of individuals required to be tested.