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Population

Volume 498: debated on Wednesday 28 October 2009

To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office what the population of the UK is; how many UK citizens there were in (a) 1992, (b) 1997, (c) 2002 and (d) 2007; and how many citizens there were of (i) another EU member state, (ii) Australia, Canada or New Zealand, (iii) the USA and (iv) other countries who did not also hold UK citizenship were resident in the UK in each such year. (295951)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the UK Statistics Authority. I have asked the authority to reply.

Letter from Jil Matheson, dated October 2009:

As National Statistician, I have been asked to reply to your Parliamentary Question concerning what the population of the UK is; how many UK citizens there were in (a) 1992, (b) 1997, (c) 2002 and (d) 2007; and how many citizens of (i) another EU member state, (ii) Australia, Canada or New Zealand, (iii) the USA and (iv) other countries, who did not also hold UK citizenship, were resident in the UK in each such year. (295951)

Table 1, attached, gives mid-year population estimates in 1992, 1997, 2002 and 2007. Tables 2, 3 and 4, attached, give the UK population broken down by nationality groupings in 1997, 2002 and 2007 respectively. No data are available for 1992.

These figures are based on survey data and as with any sample survey are subject to margins of error which are shown on the tables. A person’s nationality is self-defined and may not coincide with administrative definitions of citizenship. It is not possible to identify which residents hold dual nationality, as the Labour Force Survey on which the figures are based records only the first nationality given by the respondent.

Please note that the number of people of all nationalities in these tables will not sum to the mid-year population estimates in Table 1, as the survey excludes people in most types of communal establishment.

Table 1: Mid-year population estimates: United Kingdom; estimated resident population

Thousand

Mid-1992

57,584.5

Mid-1997

58,314.2

Mid-2002

59,323.5

Mid-2007

60,975.4

Note:

Figures for the United Kingdom do not include the population of the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man.

Sources:

Office for National Statistics, General Register Office for Scotland, Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency.

Table 2: Estimated population resident in the United Kingdom, by foreign nationality—1997

Thousand

Nationality

Estimate

CI +/-

All nationalities

57,537

471

British

55,420

462

European Union (EU15)1

834

57

Australia, Canada or New Zealand2

127

22

United States of America2

102

20

Rest of the world

1,054

64

1 Estimates are shown for the European Union 15, that is: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Republic of Ireland, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and Sweden. Those with British nationality are not included in this grouping, but are shown separately in this table.

2 Statistical Robustness—Estimates are reasonably precise

Note on Statistical Robustness:

Sample surveys have a necessary margin of error. CI +/- gives the range in which it is possible to be 95 per cent. confident the true value lies.

Notes:

1. It should be noted that the LFS:

excludes students in halls who do not have a UK resident parent

excludes people in most other types of communal establishments (eg hotels, boarding houses, hostels, mobile home sites, etc.)

is grossed to population estimates of those living in private households that only include migrants staying for 12 months or more.

2. The LFS weighting does not adjust for non-response bias by the nationality variable.

Source:

Labour Force Survey (LFS), ONS

Table 3: Estimated population resident in the United Kingdom, by foreign nationality—2002

Thousand

Nationality

Estimate

CI +/-

All nationalities

58,261

303

British

55,585

296

European Union (EU15)1

890

37

Australia, Canada or New Zealand2

147

15

United States of America2

104

13

Rest of the world

1,535

49

1 Estimates are shown for the European Union 15, that is: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Republic of Ireland, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and Sweden. Those with British nationality are not included in this grouping, but are shown separately in this table.

2 Statistical Robustness—Estimates are reasonably precise

Note on Statistical Robustness:

Sample surveys have a necessary margin of error. CI +/- gives the range in which it is possible to be 95 per cent. confident the true value lies.

Notes:

1. Estimates are based on the Annual Local Area Labour Force Survey (ALALFS) which is the Labour Force Survey (LFS) plus various sample boosts.

2. It should be noted that the LFS:

excludes students in halls who do not have a UK resident parent

excludes people in most other types of communal establishments (eg hotels, boarding houses, hostels, mobile home sites, etc.)

is grossed to population estimates of those living in private households that only include migrants staying for 12 months or more.

3. The LFS weighting does not adjust for non-response bias by the nationality variable.

Source:

Annual Local Area Labour Force Survey (ALALFS), ONS

Table 4: Estimated population resident in the United Kingdom, by foreign nationality—2007

Thousand

Nationality

Estimate

CI +/-

All nationalities

60,145

318

British

56,192

307

European Union (EU15)1

1,588

52

Australia, Canada or New Zealand

193

18

United States of America2

137

15

Rest of the world

2,036

58

1 Estimates are shown for the European Union 27, that is: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Republic of Ireland, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Czech Republic, Estonia, Poland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia and Slovenia, Bulgaria and Romania. Those with British nationality are not included in this grouping, but are shown separately in this table.

2 Statistical Robustness—Estimates are reasonably precise

Note on Statistical Robustness:

Sample surveys have a necessary margin of error. CI +/- gives the range in which it is possible to be 95 per cent. confident the true value lies.

Notes:

1. Estimates are based on the Annual Local Area Labour Force Survey (ALALFS) which is the Labour Force Survey (LFS) plus various sample boosts.

2. It should be noted that the LFS:

excludes students in halls who do not have a UK resident parent

excludes people in most other types of communal establishments (eg hotels, boarding houses, hostels, mobile home sites, etc.)

is grossed to population estimates of those living in private households that only include migrants staying for 12 months or more.

3. The LFS weighting does not adjust for non-response bias by the nationality variable.

Source:

Annual Population Survey (APS)/Labour Force Survey (LFS), ONS