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Prisoners: Drugs

Volume 498: debated on Wednesday 28 October 2009

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice how many people were found guilty of (a) possession of and (b) drug dealing offences involving (i) cannabis, (ii) ecstasy, (iii) cocaine, (iv) crack cocaine and (v) heroin in each year since 1997; and how many received (A) a custodial sentence, (B) a community sentence, (C) a treatment order, (D) a fine and (E) another punishment. (295898)

The number of defendants found guilty at all courts for possession of, and dealing in, certain drugs, by sentence, England and Wales, from 1997 to 2007 (latest available) is shown in the following table.

The statistics given relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. For example, when a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences the principal offence is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe.

Court proceedings data for 2008 are planned for publication at the end of January 2010.

The number of defendants found guilty at all courts for possession of, and dealing in, certain drugs, by sentence, England and Wales 1997 to20071, 2, 3

Period

Offence description

Found guilty

Total sentenced

Immediate custody

Community sentence4

Drug treatment and testing order5

Fine

Otherwise dealt with

1997

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

17,275

17,227

268

1,505

n/a

11,890

3,564

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

2,499

2,475

1,129

917

n/a

212

217

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cannabis and cannabis resin.

1,414

1,400

650

493

n/a

145

112

Having possession of a controlled drug: MDMA.

1,048

1,049

62

282

n/a

564

141

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: MDMA.

544

537

410

89

n/a

15

23

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : MDMA.

310

301

228

53

n/a

9

11

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cocaine.

1,050

1,046

70

237

n/a

624

115

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cocaine.

291

287

228

32

n/a

10

17

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cocaine.

137

134

102

24

n/a

4

4

Having possession of a controlled drug: Crack cocaine.

195

194

20

38

n/a

104

32

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Crack cocaine.

38

37

32

3

n/a

1

1

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Crack cocaine.

66

67

57

4

n/a

4

2

Having possession of a controlled drug: Heroin.

3,248

3,250

319

1,078

n/a

1,138

715

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Heroin.

744

726

604

83

n/a

8

31

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Heroin.

789

779

659

90

n/a

11

19

Total

29,648

29,509

4,838

4,928

n/a

14,739

5,004

1998

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

22,643

22,616

410

2,042

n/a

15,503

4,661

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

2,648

2,713

1,284

990

n/a

244

195

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cannabis and cannabis resin.

1,442

1,458

656

509

n/a

155

138

Having possession of a controlled drug: MDMA.

753

743

51

185

n/a

408

99

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: MDMA.

304

291

217

51

n/a

11

12

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : MDMA.

246

249

179

46

n/a

5

19

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cocaine.

1,644

1,642

103

349

n/a

1,003

187

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cocaine.

334

332

260

48

n/a

9

15

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cocaine.

223

213

161

30

n/a

14

8

Having possession of a controlled drug: Crack cocaine.

369

361

48

91

n/a

192

30

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Crack cocaine.

88

85

73

8

n/a

3

1

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Crack cocaine.

91

84

68

7

n/a

6

3

Having possession of a controlled drug: Heroin.

4,331

4,311

500

1,493

n/a

1,505

813

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Heroin.

822

830

656

131

n/a

13

30

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Heroin.

892

903

737

119

n/a

7

40

Total

36,830

36,831

5,403

6,099

n/a

19,078

6,251

1999

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

22,623

22,672

451

2,148

15,215

4,858

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

2,246

2,316

1,112

789

197

218

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cannabis and cannabis resin.

1,168

1,209

573

438

116

82

Having possession of a controlled drug: MDMA.

1,262

1,253

69

344

681

159

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: MDMA.

451

454

338

84

16

16

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : MDMA.

231

227

173

39

6

9

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cocaine.

2,039

2,035

146

409

1,243

237

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cocaine.

346

345

282

42

8

13

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cocaine.

322

310

262

29

10

9

Having possession of a controlled drug: Crack cocaine.

491

483

50

119

246

68

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Crack cocaine.

74

72

62

6

2

2

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Crack cocaine.

116

122

107

10

2

3

Having possession of a controlled drug: Heroin.

4,814

4,836

591

1,626

3

1,660

956

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Heroin.

883

912

741

117

18

36

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Heroin.

1,144

1,126

953

126

1

6

40

Total

38,210

38,372

5,910

6,326

4

19,426

6,706

20006

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

20,602

20,676

361

1,967

1

13,539

4,808

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

1,802

1,859

808

725

2

150

174

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cannabis and cannabis resin.

842

870

405

318

68

79

Having possession of a controlled drug: MDMA.

1,955

1,978

108

568

1

1,014

287

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: MDMA.

736

736

520

162

20

34

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : MDMA.

327

335

234

78

10

13

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cocaine.

1,875

1,884

140

418

1,117

209

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cocaine.

364

350

295

34

1

10

10

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cocaine.

258

246

193

32

8

13

Having possession of a controlled drug: Crack cocaine.

502

506

63

124

265

54

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Crack cocaine.

90

90

83

3

1

3

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Crack cocaine.

98

109

95

10

1

3

Having possession of a controlled drug: Heroin.

5,068

5,082

605

1,698

18

1,703

1,058

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Heroin.

921

943

792

102

3

8

38

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Heroin.

1,229

1,279

1,069

169

3

6

32

Total

36,669

36,943

5,771

6,408

29

17,920

6,815

2001

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

20,752

20,736

290

1,993

21

12,960

5,472

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

1,358

1,401

618

535

8

100

140

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cannabis and cannabis resin.

613

623

265

241

2

60

55

Having possession of a controlled drug: MDMA.

2,493

2,485

151

796

7

1,201

330

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: MDMA.

960

982

690

231

4

20

37

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : MDMA.

376

377

252

87

1

14

23

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cocaine.

1,968

1,977

147

468

21

1,107

234

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cocaine.

456

444

359

53

8

9

15

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cocaine.

300

288

235

32

6

5

10

Having possession of a controlled drug: Crack cocaine.

633

626

75

170

13

281

87

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Crack cocaine.

121

118

93

12

2

5

6

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Crack cocaine.

134

136

117

13

4

2

Having possession of a controlled drug: Heroin.

5,411

5,436

635

1,651

154

1,856

1,140

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Heroin.

1,004

1,023

848

99

20

24

32

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Heroin.

1,203

1,216

1,000

130

39

5

42

Total

37,782

37,868

5,775

6,511

310

17,647

7,625

2002

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

23,655

23,627

241

2,674

28

14,123

6,561

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

1,388

1,383

547

631

1

103

101

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cannabis and cannabis resin.

592

598

258

226

3

51

60

Having possession of a controlled drug: MDMA.

2,165

2,170

100

629

7

1,078

356

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: MDMA.

830

843

578

212

3

22

28

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : MDMA.

365

364

216

113

4

13

18

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cocaine.

2,230

2,233

142

469

10

1,332

280

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cocaine.

554

538

430

73

4

13

18

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cocaine.

371

367

311

32

4

8

12

Having possession of a controlled drug: Crack cocaine.

802

786

87

181

7

394

117

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Crack cocaine.

179

161

131

24

1

2

3

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Crack cocaine.

142

133

116

13

4

Having possession of a controlled drug: Heroin.

5,042

5,040

560

1,434

150

1,758

1,138

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Heroin.

962

945

774

87

30

9

45

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Heroin.

1,234

1,243

1,044

111

38

4

46

Total

40,511

40,431

5,535

6,909

294

18,910

8,783

2003

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

25,714

25,665

288

3,103

55

15,172

7,047

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

1,470

1,462

475

748

15

111

113

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cannabis and cannabis resin.

522

514

222

213

4

33

42

Having possession of a controlled drug: MDMA.

2,009

2,001

81

569

7

1,023

321

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: MDMA.

746

743

461

212

7

24

39

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : MDMA.

219

218

127

62

4

10

15

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cocaine.

2,448

2,455

153

528

18

1,411

345

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cocaine.

687

682

564

63

11

19

25

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cocaine.

456

468

409

38

3

5

13

Having possession of a controlled drug: Crack cocaine.

868

862

109

226

11

381

135

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Crack cocaine.

238

235

195

27

5

2

6

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Crack cocaine.

227

211

180

8

13

2

8

Having possession of a controlled drug: Heroin.

4,556

4,563

484

1,173

191

1,541

1,174

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Heroin.

1,100

1,121

884

142

50

12

33

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Heroin.

1,308

1,350

1,095

126

83

7

39

Total

42,568

42,550

5,727

7,238

477

19,753

9,355

20047

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

13,320

13,302

161

2,390

45

6,972

3,734

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

1247

1210

420

604

8

79

99

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cannabis and cannabis resin.

456

444

156

204

5

43

36

Having possession of a controlled drug: MDMA.

1,853

1,849

60

598

7

840

344

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: MDMA.

603

603

394

166

10

10

23

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : MDMA.

172

165

100

54

2

5

4

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cocaine.

2,740

2,737

132

571

35

1,516

483

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cocaine.

792

796

658

92

12

14

20

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cocaine.

446

442

371

49

13

3

6

Having possession of a controlled drug: Crack cocaine.

862

846

79

202

39

328

198

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Crack cocaine.

247

232

190

31

7

3

1

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Crack cocaine.

266

239

196

25

8

10

Having possession of a controlled drug: Heroin.

4,256

4,258

428

1,113

238

1,405

1,074

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Heroin.

1,175

1,145

913

125

64

3

40

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Heroin.

1,415

1,409

1,164

121

94

7

23

Total

29,850

29,677

5,422

6,345

587

11,228

6,095

2005

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

12,095

12,050

136

2415

17

6316

3166

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

993

950

272

513

13

62

90

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cannabis and cannabis resin.

393

367

135

153

6

25

48

Having possession of a controlled drug: MDMA.

1,677

1,672

61

513

18

761

319

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: MDMA.

557

551

342

156

9

8

36

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : MDMA.

187

172

91

50

9

7

15

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cocaine.

3,183

3,161

154

727

43

1,731

506

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cocaine.

956

930

748

104

25

14

39

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cocaine.

490

451

316

62

32

14

27

Having possession of a controlled drug: Crack cocaine.

925

921

107

228

34

386

166

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Crack cocaine.

318

303

246

22

14

7

14

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Crack cocaine.

276

265

198

30

27

1

9

Having possession of a controlled drug: Heroin.

3,955

3,943

384

1,026

215

1,230

1,088

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Heroin.

1,123

1,118

848

146

79

5

40

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Heroin.

1,305

1,252

902

156

145

5

44

Total

28,433

28,106

4,940

6,301

686

10,572

5,607

2006

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

12,536

12,452

141

2526

1

6368

3416

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

957

884

240

378

29

237

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cannabis and cannabis resin.

385

352

101

118

21

112

Having possession of a controlled drug: MDMA.

1,539

1,524

62

478

672

312

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: MDMA.

434

419

256

77

1

10

75

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : MDMA.

169

164

81

45

1

14

23

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cocaine.

4,001

3,981

187

981

3

2,055

755

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cocaine.

1,006

986

774

92

2

9

109

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cocaine.

502

502

358

65

4

12

63

Having possession of a controlled drug: Crack cocaine.

975

973

86

290

2

392

203

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Crack cocaine.

300

298

231

44

1

3

19

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Crack cocaine.

278

272

202

37

4

29

Having possession of a controlled drug: Heroin.

3,961

3,939

370

1,200

8

1,159

1,202

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Heroin.

1,103

1,101

847

150

5

8

91

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Heroin.

1,181

1,166

810

192

18

146

Total

29,327

29,013

4,746

6,673

46

10,756

6,792

2007

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

14,073

14,004

162

3,009

6,839

3,994

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cannabis and cannabis resin.

958

910

232

340

32

306

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cannabis and cannabis resin.

367

354

101

120

29

104

Having possession of a controlled drug: MDMA.

1,590

1,571

70

505

618

378

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: MDMA.

513

509

276

87

7

139

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : MDMA.

169

158

73

34

2

49

Having possession of a controlled drug: Cocaine.

4,901

4,882

213

1,350

2,307

1,012

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Cocaine.

1,171

1,165

837

119

19

190

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Cocaine.

542

526

353

70

6

97

Having possession of a controlled drug: Crack cocaine.

1,236

1,211

106

368

409

328

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Crack cocaine.

369

364

276

45

1

3

39

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Crack cocaine.

255

261

206

28

1

26

Having possession of a controlled drug: Heroin.

4,664

4,628

416

1,428

1

1,335

1,448

Having possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply: Heroin.

1,144

1,138

877

136

3

6

116

Supplying or offering to supply a controlled drug, (or being concerned in) : Heroin.

1,178

1,159

829

149

4

177

Total

33,130

32,840

5,027

7,788

5

11,617

8,403

1 These data are on the principal-offence basis

2 Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

3 The ‘total sentenced' column may exceed the ‘found guilty' column, as it may be the case that a defendant was found guilty in one year and sentenced in the following year.

4 Excludes Drug Treatment and Testing Order which is given separately.

5 Following a pilot study, rolled out across England and Wales from October 2000.

6 Staffordshire police force were only able to submit sample data for persons proceeded against and convicted in the magistrates courts for the year 2000. Although sufficient to estimate higher orders of data, these data are not robust enough at a detailed level and have been excluded from the table.

7 Cannabis was re-classified to a class C drug in January 2004. Re-classification to class B was made in January 2009.

n/a not available.

Source:

Office for Criminal Justice Reform - Evidence and Analysis Unit