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Remand in Custody

Volume 498: debated on Wednesday 28 October 2009

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice (1) how many people were remanded in custody in each of the last five years. (295681)

(2) how many people have been given bail by the courts in each year since 2006.

(3) what proportion of requests for remand made by the Crown Prosecution Service were granted by the courts in the latest period for which figures are available.

The estimated number of persons remanded in custody at all courts in England and Wales in each year throughout the period 2003-07 (latest available) is shown in the table following table.

The estimated number of persons granted bail by all magistrates' courts and the Crown court in England and Wales during 2006 and 2007 (latest available) was and 493,800 and 485,200 respectively.

During 2007, an estimated four percent of all defendants proceeded against at magistrates' courts and the Crown Court were remanded in custody at some point during proceedings. Remands data held on the Office for Criminal Justice Reform Court Proceedings Database do not include information on the reasons for remanding a defendant in custody and do not identify the entity responsible for bringing the prosecution.

These figures are taken from data on the use of court bail and remand presented in Chapter 4 of the publication Criminal Statistics, England and Wales, 2003 to 2007 and include those also held in custody for some but not the whole period of the proceedings. Data for 2008 are planned for publication at the end of January 2010.

The estimated numbers1of persons remanded in custody at magistrates' courts or the Crown Court2, England and Wales, 2003-07

Thousand

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Number of persons remanded in custody3

106.7

907

82.2

76.7

74.5

1 Includes estimates for those offences omitted from data supplied.

2 Crown Court cases are not necessarily concluded in the same year as the committal therefore the figures presented may include cases where defendants were remanded in custody during earlier years than under which they are presented in this table.

3 Includes those remanded for part of the time in custody and part on bail.

Notes:

1. Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used.

2. For Magistrates' courts cases, the number of remands and more importantly, the number which are in custody, are believed to be under-recorded in total. The extent of under-recording is not known, as only limited checks are available with independently collected data. However, it is clear that the breakdown of remands into bail and custody cases is not accurate for a number of forces. The accuracy of data about Crown Court remand decisions has improved as a result of data being returned directly from the Crown Court computer system.

Source:

OCJR Court proceedings Database.