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Reoffenders

Volume 498: debated on Thursday 29 October 2009

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice what the reconviction rate of offenders (a) under and (b) over the age of 18 following (i) a non-custodial sentence and (ii) each successive custodial sentence up to and including the tenth was in the most recent period for which figures are available. (295212)

Tables 1 and 2 following show the one year reoffending rates for adult offenders released from custody or commencing a court order in the first quarter of 2007; table 1 by custodial and court orders and table 2 by previous custodial sentences. The tables show the proportion of offenders that committed at least one further offence and the number of further offences committed per 100 offenders.

Table 1: Actual reoffending rate and frequency rate per 100 offenders from the 2007 adult cohort

Sentence type

Number of offenders released from prison or commencing a court order

Actual reoffending rate

Number of offences per 100 offenders

Custody

12,810

47.2

223.2

Court orders under probation supervision1

37,275

36.1

121.3

1 Court orders include community sentences, community orders and suspended sentence orders supervised by the probation service. They do not include any pre or post release supervision.

Further information on adult rates of reoffending can be found in:

http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/reoffendingofadults.htm

Table 2: Actual reoffending rate and frequency rate per 100 offenders, by number of previous custodial sentences, from the 2007 adult cohort

Number of previous custodial sentences

Number of offenders released from prison or commencing a court order

Actual reoffending rate

Number of offences per 100 offenders

No previous

26,819

25.2

72.6

One previous

6,225

40.3

131.4

Two previous

3,629

48.9

179.9

Three previous

2,491

52.4

198.2

Four previous

1,883

56.6

236.3

Five previous

1,585

59.9

256.8

Between six and 10

4,516

64.5

288.7

More than 10

2,937

76.4

447.1

Total

50,085

39.0

147.3

Tables 3 and 4 following show the one year reoffending rates for juvenile offenders released from custody, commencing a non-custodial court disposal or those given an out-of-court disposal in the first quarter of 2007; table 3 by custodial and non-custodial sentences and table 4 by previous custodial sentences. The table shows the proportion of juvenile offenders that committed at least one further offence and the number of further offences committed per 100 offenders.

Table 3: One year reoffending rates, offenders leaving custody by custodial and non-custodial sentences, from the 2007 juvenile cohort

Number of juvenile offenders released from custody, commencing a noncustodial court disposal or those given an out-of-court disposal

Actual reoffending rate

Number of offences per 100 offenders

Out-of-court disposal

33,318

26.4

59.7

First-tier penalty

10,869

47.4

154.5

Other disposal

822

65.2

288.0

Community penalty

6,757

69.0

280.4

Custody

778

75.3

359.0

Total

52,544

37.5

115.7

Table 4: Actual reoffending rate and frequency rate per 100 offenders, by number of previous custodial sentences, from the 2007 juvenile cohort

Number of previous custodial sentences

Number of juvenile offenders released from custody, commencing a non-custodial court disposal or those given an out-of-court disposal

Actual reoffending rate

Number of offences per 100 offenders

No previous

51,101

36.2

106.9

One previous

778

80.5

372.4

Two previous

333

85.0

452.6

Three previous

161

86.3

539.8

Four previous

78

88.5

485.9

Five previous

54

90.7

472.2

More than six previous

39

89.7

594.9

Total

52,544

37.5

115.7

Further information on rates of reoffending of juveniles can be found in:

http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/reoffendingjuveniles.htm