Extremism may take many forms. As regards the community-based organisations undertaking work in support of the Prevent agenda, these are funded through Communities and Local Government. However, the Office for Security and Counter-Terrorism Prevent Interventions Unit have also sponsored Prevent work with a range of community-based organisations during the past five years. This includes the funding of projects based on sports, education and mentoring in various environments.
The Government are actively engaged in multilateral and bilateral discussions to explore options available to tackle online violent extremist material. For example, we participated actively in a year-long European project which has just been completed and are currently discussing a follow-up project with European partners. The Government are also assisting with the development of a Europol hosted web portal which is available to investigating agencies across the EU, to share information on open access terrorism related websites and content. Law enforcement agencies have also engaged with partner organisations on operational matters.
The internet hate crime action plan contains actions to improve co-operation with other states in addressing internet hate crime, including prejudice motivated extremism.
Extremism takes many forms. Our assessment is that the main violent extremist threat to the UK is from al-Qaeda or al-Qaeda inspired groups. Experience here and abroad has identified a range of factors that in combination can lead to individuals supporting or becoming violent extremists. The main objectives of the Prevent strand of CONTEST are informed by this work.