Written Answers to Questions
Monday 7 December 2009
The Scotland Office does not record the number of miles travelled by taxi by Ministers or officials in the course of their official duties. The costs of taxi journeys since the Scotland Office was established on 1 July 1999 are shown in the following table:
Ministers Officials 1999-2000 366 8,153 2000-01 733 14,887 2001-02 0 7,431 2002-03 244 8,659 2003-04 147 8,172 2004-05 0 7,821 2005-06 0 8,291 2006-07 0 7,595 2007-08 1,075 7,278 2008-09 1,103 9,265
Electoral Commission Committee
Electoral Commission: Leave
The Electoral Commission informs me that the chief executive is allowed up to five days paid leave a year for service as a non-executive director of the trust, provided that there is no adverse impact on the performance of his duties at the commission. The chief executive does not receive payment from the trust for his services.
Electoral Commission: Pay
The Electoral Commission informs me that in 2009-10 the salary of the chief executive of the Electoral Commission is £121,800.
The correspondence the Wales Office has received falls into two broad categories—first, the responses received to my predecessor’s call for views on the proposed legislative competence order. Those responses which could be made public were sent to the Welsh Affairs Committee and the First Minister and were copied to the National Assembly for Wales Committee that scrutinised the LCO, on 14 May 2009, and I will place copies of that correspondence in the Library of the House.
The second category is correspondence received either before or after the call for views. This includes:
some 300 e-mails from members of the public seeking a swift publication of the Welsh Affairs Committee report. The vast majority of these were a standard text;
correspondence from members of the public and Welsh language bodies. This totals some 37 letters and e-mails;
some eight items of correspondence from parliamentary committees or committees of the National Assembly for Wales, or from individual members of those committees; and
some 10 letters from businesses or their representative bodies.
We have not sought the permission of these respondents to publish their correspondence, and to do so would incur disproportionate cost. Releasing correspondence from businesses and their representative bodies would also prejudice commercial interests.
I have regular meetings and discussions with ministerial colleagues and others including the Chief of the Defence Staff, Chief of the Naval Staff, Chief of the General Staff and Chief of the Air Staff.
I have regular meetings with ministerial colleagues, officials and others.
The Prime Minister’s Office is an integral part of the Cabinet Office and therefore the answer provided is for the whole of the Cabinet Office.
The information requested for the Cabinet Office is not readily available and could be obtained only at disproportionate cost.
The Cabinet Office has not entered into any contracts with Kellogg, Brown and Root or its subsidiaries since January 2009.
Political Honours Scrutiny Committee
(2) where the records and documents of the Political Honours Scrutiny Committee are held.
No records of the Political Honours Scrutiny Committee have been destroyed although criteria for selecting those for preservation at the National Archives (TNA) are presently being considered. Any records over 30 years old that are not selected for transfer to TNA will be destroyed.
Records of the Political Honours Scrutiny Committee are held by the Cabinet Office.
I have been asked to reply.
I refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave to the right hon. Member for Maidenhead (Mrs. May) on 1 April 2009, Official Report, column 1236W, for detail of individual awards from the Victims Fund and the Government Equalities Office Special Fund 2008-09. Details of the awards made in 2009-10 will be placed in the Commons Library.
The Supporting People programme provides the main source of public funding for housing-related support services in England. This programme is delivered at a local level. The 2008-09 national allocations for Supporting People amount to £1.686 billion.
The most recently available spend data on Supporting People is for 2007-08. Details of this data will be placed in the Commons Library. It shows that Enfield reported an annual spend of £397,817 on housing-related support services with a primary client group of women at risk of domestic violence.
The Government have invested around £11 million over the last five years in specialist services for victims of sexual violence; this is in addition to funding provided locally. Most of this funding has come from the Victims Fund. We do not have a breakdown by local authority area of funding to rape crisis centres.
The Government do not collect information centrally on what services are available for victims of rape and sexual abuse or domestic violence. Information is held on the following central Government funding:
organisations which have received awards from the Government Equalities Office Special Funds in 2008-09 and 2009-10;
organisations which have received awards from the Victims Fund in the last three financial years (2007-08, 2008-09 and 2009-10);
total Supporting People spend by Administering Authority per Client Group (£), per financial year.
The provision of services to victims of these terrible crimes is an issue for local authorities; decision makers in these authorities are best placed to assess the needs of their area. The majority of services are delivered through local providers who are supported and funded by local bodies, such as councils and health organisations.
Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Financial penalties are applied by the European Commission if member states fail to make 96.154 per cent. of payments, by value, under the Single Payment Scheme (SPS) by 30 June of the year following each scheme year. To date, such penalties, totalling some £64 million, have only been applied to the UK in respect of the 2005 SPS.
The SPS payments still due are estimated at £9,628 for the 2005 SPS scheme year and £6,440 for the 2006 scheme year. Most of the nine outstanding claims are cases where probate issues still need to be resolved. Some additional sums may become due as a result of changes to claim values following, for example, appeals by farmers.
In England, for the 2009 Single Payment Scheme, the Rural Payments Agency received 3,748 claims for less than £300 and 4,223 claims for between £300 and £499.99. These reflect the value claimed; the value paid may differ.
Based on the information contained within the NAO Value for Money Report by the Comptroller and Auditor General, HC 880 Session 2008-09, published on 15 October 2009 and titled “A Second Progress Update on the Administration of the Single Payment Scheme by the Rural Payments Agency”, the average staff time taken to process single payment scheme (SPS) claims in England for each year is set out as follows:
2005 2006 2007 2008 Number of claimants 116,474 109,100 106,700 106,500 Number of staff 3,077 2,993 2,879 2,527 Average time per claim (hours) 43.00 44.66 43.93 38.62
Number of claimants
Number of staff
Average time per claim (hours)
The number of staff shown includes staff employed in shared service and corporate service roles, indirectly supporting processing, as well as those employed directly in processing.
Figures are not yet available for processing 2009 scheme claims.
The number of Single Payment Scheme (SPS) cheque payments issued by the Rural Payments Agency (RPA) for the bands and scheme years specified in the question are as follows:
Band SPS 2005 SPS 2006 SPS 2007 SPS 20081 £40.01 to £60.00 4,356 2,417 807 299 £20.01 to £40.00 4,920 1,861 492 122 £10.01 to £20.00 1,812 546 69 14 £1.01 to £10.00 639 80 14 3 £0.01 to £1.00 58 2 6 3 1 A change in EU regulations meant that the RPA stopped making payments by cheque on 15 October 2008. All payments are now made via BACS.
£40.01 to £60.00
£20.01 to £40.00
£10.01 to £20.00
£1.01 to £10.00
£0.01 to £1.00
1 A change in EU regulations meant that the RPA stopped making payments by cheque on 15 October 2008. All payments are now made via BACS.
Payments for the 2009 SPS scheme year only began on 1 December so we cannot provide equivalent figures at this stage.
For Single Payment Scheme claims up to and including the 2009 scheme year, the Rural Payments Agency has been using existing Ordnance Survey base-data information on Rural Land Register (RLR) maps.
The mapping update currently in progress uses the most recent Ordnance Survey data available in conjunction with aerial photography to update the RLR maps. This includes improving the positional accuracy of our map data and reflecting any real world change recorded by Ordnance Survey.
The transitional arrangements for agri-environment schemes prior to the introduction of Glastir will be funded under the Rural Development Plan (RDP) for Wales 2007-13. The RDP for Wales is the responsibility of the Welsh Assembly Government (WAG). Therefore, there has been no need to discuss these arrangements with either WAG or the European Commission, nor has it been necessary to make an assessment of the scheme’s compliance with European Commission rules.
None. DEFRA does not receive formal reports about the numbers of abandoned animals.
Animal Welfare: Circuses
During the passage of the Animal Welfare Bill through Parliament a Circus Working Group was established consisting of representatives of welfare organisations and the circus industry, together with an academic panel from the scientific community. The group was charged with examining the issues relating to the transportation and housing needs of wild animals (i.e. animals not normally domesticated in the British Isles) used for performance in travelling circuses. The conclusions were that there was not enough evidence to show that the welfare of wild animals in circuses is any better or worse than those in other captive environments and that available scientific evidence was insufficient to justify regulations being introduced to ban wild animals being used in circus performance.
In the light of these conclusions we commenced a feasibility study on the possibility of introducing regulations. The first element, a report and recommendations from two zoo inspectors who have undertaken visits to both travelling circuses and winter quarters, has now been completed. The findings of the first element have been discussed with representatives of welfare and industry organisations and we are aiming for completion by the end of the year.
DEFRA is not responsible for the policy on determining licences for the purpose of development under the Protection of Badgers Act 1992; this falls to Natural England. However, DEFRA has an agreement with Natural England that it will consult DEFRA if a proposed licensed operation might pose a TB risk. Licences for development can only be issued for interference with badger setts; this is normally by closing down whole or part setts. The taking, and therefore translocation, of badgers, for the purpose of development is not allowed under the Act.
Information on the number of queen bees imported into England from countries within and outside the European Community is available on the Food and Environment Research Agency's National Bee Unit's Beebase website.
The information requested is set out in the table:
Number of queen bees imported 2009 10,829 2008 9,575 2007 10,549 2006 4,074 2005 12,256 1 Imports from outside the European Community only. More reliable data on imports from within the European Community became available from 2006.
Number of queen bees imported
1 Imports from outside the European Community only. More reliable data on imports from within the European Community became available from 2006.
We have not made an annual assessment of the total number of species that have become extinct in England in each of the last 10 years. In the 2008 UK Biodiversity Action Plan reporting round, seven priority species were reported as having been lost from England in the last 10 years. Natural England is currently carrying out a systematic review of species extinctions in England, which is due to be published in March 2010.
I have been asked to reply.
Currently, there is no agreed methodology for accurately accounting for the emissions from land currently used for food production, or set aside, if displaced by biofuel production. As such, the guidelines for reporting under the Renewable TransportFuels Obligation do not account for these emissions.
Under the recently adopted Renewable Energy Directive, the European Commission is required to review the impact of indirect land use change from biofuel production on green house gas emissions, and, if necessary, come forward with a methodology for addressing ways to minimise that impact by the end of 2010.
The Department for Transport has commissioned the development of an indirect land use change methodology through expert stakeholder input and will be making its findings available to the Commission in order to feed into the above-mentioned review.
Bovine Tuberculosis: Disease Control
Bovine tuberculosis (TB) statistics are collated and reported in the animal health database down to county level. Therefore it is not possible to distinguish the number of herds under restriction in individual constituencies.
The following table shows the number of herds under bovine TB movement restrictions at the end of the last 5 years for the East Midlands (Derbyshire, Lincolnshire, Leicestershire, Nottinghamshire, Northamptonshire), as well as individual figures for Derbyshire. Data for 2009 are to the end of August. The numbers include herds that were under restrictions for any reason related to bovine TB controls, including for instance a new TB breakdown or an overdue TB test.
2005 2006 2007 2008 August 2009 Derbyshire 154 190 143 129 98 East Midlands 199 257 226 247 247 Note: Information is taken from DEFRA VetNet Animal Health Database.
Information is taken from DEFRA VetNet Animal Health Database.
The following table shows the number of cattle slaughtered under bovine tuberculosis (TB) control measures in Great Britain over the last five years, and the number of these animals with demonstrable post-mortem evidence of infection having tested positive for bovine TB in each of the last five years.
Number of cattle slaughtered1 Number of “confirmed” cases Number of “unconfirmed” cases2 20083 39,973 13,283 26,690 20073 28,200 9,145 19,055 20063 22,282 7,697 14,585 20053 30,093 8,715 21,378 20043 19,938 6,355 13,583 1 Includes cattle slaughtered as skin and gamma-interferon test reactors, skin test inconclusive reactors and direct contacts. 2 Number of cattle slaughtered—number of confirmed cases 3 2004-08 figures are provisional, subject to change as more data become available. Source: Data are sourced from DEFRA's VetNet Animal Health database, downloaded in December 2009.
Number of cattle slaughtered1
Number of “confirmed” cases
Number of “unconfirmed” cases2
1 Includes cattle slaughtered as skin and gamma-interferon test reactors, skin test inconclusive reactors and direct contacts.
2 Number of cattle slaughtered—number of confirmed cases
3 2004-08 figures are provisional, subject to change as more data become available.
Data are sourced from DEFRA's VetNet Animal Health database, downloaded in December 2009.
Following a TB breakdown we aim to carry out post-mortem inspections of all the slaughtered cattle and to take tissue samples from the reactor (or if several animals must be removed, from a representative subset of those), to attempt isolation and molecular typing of the causative organism in the laboratory. This is done to support epidemiological investigations and management of the incident, rather than to validate the ante-mortem test results.
Failure to detect lesions of TB by post-mortem examination, or to culture M. bovis in the laboratory, does not imply that a test reactor was not infected with bovine TB. Indeed, in the early stages of this disease it is not always possible to observe lesions during abattoir post-mortem examination and, due to the fastidious nature of this organism, it is very difficult to isolate it from tissue samples without visible lesions. Meaningful proportions that subsequently did not confirm disease at culture for TB test reactors cannot be provided, as substantial numbers of skin and gIFN positive animals are not subject to laboratory culture—e.g. once infection has already been identified in other cattle from the same herd.
Bovine Tuberculosis: Vaccination
The following table provides a summary of TB vaccines research cost to the Department for each of the last five years.
£000 Cattle vaccine Badger vaccine Total 2004-05 343 200 543 2005-06 1,083 918 2,001 2006-07 2,562 2,406 4,968 2007-08 3,074 2,497 5,571 2008-09 3,207 2,184 5,391
These figures do not include the costs of projects concerning the development of cattle and badger diagnostics which are relevant to the development of TB vaccines, therefore the total expenditure on TB vaccines research for each year represents a slight underestimate.
Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science: Shipping
The following table sets out details of the number of days at sea for the CEFAS Endeavour in support of CEFAS managed projects.
Financial year Days at sea 2008-09 1273 2009-10 2284 2010-11 3275 1 Completed. 2 Committed. 3 Forecast.
Days at sea
The days at sea figures shown do not take into consideration the time required for mobilisation and demobilisation of scientific equipment before and after each scientific campaign (approximately 40 days per annum). They also exclude the time associated with essential vessel maintenance (approximately 20 days per annum rising to 40 days per annum where scheduled dry docking is required).
Sea trips are increasingly planned to integrate a number of projects with objectives which can be achieved during the same campaign. This typically requires 24 hour operations, so maximising the scientific returns from a single day of sea time.
The annual cost of operating the CEFAS Endeavour include, vessel operations and management, technical support, capital charges, fuel and costs and allowances for CEFAS staff on board the vessel during scientific campaigns. The annual services agreement to operate and maintain the vessel was recently let via open competition with a six year contract signed in March 2009. The agreement is subject to terms of confidentiality, hence annual budgets are not included in this response.
The CEFAS Endeavour is available 365 days per annum for the scheduling of sea trips. Schedule planning must allow time for non-sea going activities such as mobilisation, demobilisation and planned maintenance. These non-sea going activities require between approximately 60 and 80 days per year.
The CEFAS Endeavour programme in 2008-09 was 100 per cent. dedicated to CEFAS managed projects and no chartering of the vessel to other organisations took place. The committed programme for 2009-10 is also 100 per cent. dedicated to CEFAS managed projects with no chartering of the vessel to other organisations planned. The forecast programme for 2010-11 is based upon the same premise.
CEFAS managed projects are undertaken on behalf of a range of customers such as DEFRA, the Marine Environmental Protection Fund (MEPF), Joint Nature Conservation Committee and Natural England. In addition, on a project basis, visiting scientists, observers and organisations collaborating with CEFAS (for project delivery) will also be present on the vessel.
Dairy Farming: Cooperatives
DEFRA has provided over £5 million in grant funding to English Farming and Food Partnerships since 2003 to promote collaboration throughout the food supply chain, including amongst dairy producers. There is also funding available under the Rural Development Programme for England to support co-operation between farmers, including dairy farmers, and between farmers and food processors. So far, approximately £12 million has been committed to this measure. DEFRA has not spent any additional money on specific incentives for dairy farmers to establish supplier co-operatives.
Departmental Fixed Penalties
In answering this question we have taken ‘non-compliance penalties’ to mean all cases where a reduction has been made to farmers’ payments under the single payment scheme. The figures in the following table therefore include minor over-declarations of land area, which in a regulatory sense do not qualify as a ‘penalty’, as well as regulatory penalties for late claims and breaches of both eligibility and cross compliance rules.
SPS scheme year Number of penalties Largest penalty imposed (£) Smallest penalty imposed (£) Median penalty imposed (£) Mean penalty imposed (£) 2005 17,777 59,490.79 0.02 28.91 449.70 2006 12,921 105,263.17 0.06 46.14 529.11 2007 13,719 67,391.91 0.08 54.00 551.84 2008 7,748 135,645.54 0.38 77.88 548.90
SPS scheme year
Number of penalties
Largest penalty imposed (£)
Smallest penalty imposed (£)
Median penalty imposed (£)
Mean penalty imposed (£)
We do not yet have data for 2009 as processing checks and inspections have not been completed.
The most common reason for ‘penalties’ being imposed is through over-declared land areas.
Departmental Official Cars
I refer the hon. Member to the written ministerial statement made by my hon. Friend the Under-Secretary of State for Transport (Paul Clark) on 16 July 2009, Official Report, column 80WS.
No special advisers are provided with an allocated Government car and driver. As with all civil servants, special advisers may use an official car or taxi in certain circumstances. Information on such use is not held centrally and could be provided only at disproportionate cost.
The Secretary of State last travelled by taxi in the course of his official duties on 5 November 2009. He has made no journeys by bus in the course of his official duties.
Drinking Water: Crime
The Drinking Water Inspectorate has brought 64 prosecutions (including cautions) against water companies in England and Wales since 1995 for offences relating to drinking water quality. All but one of these were successful. There have been no custodial sentences.
Number Regions Prosecutions (successful) 1995 2 (2) Central, Wales 1996 1 (1) Thames 1997 4 (3) Wales (3), Western 1998 9 (9) Central, Northern (3), Southern, Thames, Wales (3) 1999 10 (10) Central, Eastern (3), Northern (2), Southern (2), Western (2), 2000 5 (5) Northern (4), Thames, 2001 3 (3) Eastern, Southern, Wales 2002 1 (1) Northern 2003 0 — 2004 1 (1) Eastern 2005 0 — 2006 3 (3) Northern (2), Thames 2007 2 (2) Western, Wales 2008 1 (1) Thames Cautions 1995 1 Western 1996 0 — 1997 0 — 1998 2 Northern 1999 0 — 2000 9 Northern (5), Thames (2), Western (2) 2001 3 Northern (2), Southern 2002 2 Northern (2) 2003 2 Northern, Wales 2004 1 Thames 2005 2 Northern, Southern 2006 0 — 2007 0 — 2008 0 —
Wales (3), Western
Central, Northern (3), Southern, Thames, Wales (3)
Central, Eastern (3), Northern (2), Southern (2), Western (2),
Northern (4), Thames,
Eastern, Southern, Wales
Northern (2), Thames
Northern (5), Thames (2), Western (2)
Northern (2), Southern
The Drinking Water Inspectorate has initiated enforcement action 1,084 times since 1995. It has not been possible to divide these figures by region.
Enforcements 1995 143 1996 148 1997 189 1998 156 1999 129 2000 81 2001 45 2002 28 2003 29 2004 21 2005 23 2006 8 2007 29 2008 55
Flood Control: Finance
The Environment Agency does not hold the information required to answer this question in a format that could be completed without incurring disproportionate costs.
The Environment Agency is on track to deliver a programme of flood and coastal risk management schemes that over three years is set to exceed the challenging target to provide increased protection to 145,000 households.
The Environment Agency continuously strives to improve its procurement and management of construction and engineering projects. Since 2007 it has completed 102 major flood defence schemes that have protected over 63,000 properties from flooding in England.
Through the Environment Agency's Streamlining project it has been able to reduce the cost of project development, meaning that a greater proportion of the money is actually spent on constructing defences than ever before.
Flood Control: Water Companies
It is for individual water and sewerage companies to decide how best to protect their infrastructure from the effects of flooding. Companies have a duty to provide safe and secure water and sewerage services to their customers.
In its final determinations Ofwat has allowed water companies to invest £414 million on improving the resilience of their water and sewerage services against external hazards such as flooding.
We are working closely with the Department of Health and the Food Standards Agency on the development of the Healthier Food Mark, an award scheme for public sector catering services offering healthier and more sustainable food. Criteria on sustainable seafood are included at all three levels of the scheme, which is currently being tested in a pre-consultation pilot.
The 2007 June Survey data suggest that the number of holdings in the English uplands (Severely Disadvantaged Areas) has increased by approximately 3,000 since 2000. This increase has largely been driven by an increase in small (less than 10 hectares) holdings. There appears to be no change in the number of holdings greater than 10 hectares in size over the same period.
DEFRA recognises the vital role which upland farmers can play in delivering landscape and environmental benefits, and will, therefore, introduce the new Uplands Entry Level Scheme (Uplands ELS) in 2010. Uplands ELS will reward those upland farmers who deliver existing good practice, as well as encouraging positive change. Unlike the current Hill Farm Allowance scheme, Uplands ELS will be open to all farmers in the English uplands, provided they meet the rules.
(2) what funding his Department has provided for horticultural research and development in the last 12 months;
(3) how much funding his Department provided for agricultural and horticultural research in (a) 2008 and (b) 2009 to date.
Funding for DEFRA's farming and food research and development programme is allocated in line with the Department's strategic priorities and policy evidence requirements. DEFRA is currently developing a new Evidence Investment Strategy which will inform priorities for future years.
Research investment in the farming and food area is within cross-cutting programmes, for example agriculture and climate change and sustainable farming systems, and these programmes include activity relevant to the horticulture sector.
Within these programmes, in the current financial year, DEFRA has committed approximately £4.5 million on research relevant to horticulture. £6.7 million was spent on similar work in the 2008-09 financial year.
Overall, DEFRA invested £63 million in 2008-09 on food and agricultural (including horticultural) research. It is anticipated that funding will be similar in 2009-10.
Nature Conservation: Crime
Information from the court proceedings database held by the Ministry of Justice showing the number of defendants proceeded against at magistrates courts and found guilty at all courts for offences under the Badgers Act 1911, Deer Act 1991 and Wild Mammals Protection Act 1996, in England and Wales in 2007 is given in the following table:
Offence description Statute Proceeded against Found guilty Offence of cruelty to badgers and special protection for badgers and their setts Badgers Act 1973, as amended by Criminal Justice Act 1991 and Badgers Act 1991 20 6 Killing or injuring deer by shooting, trap, snares etc. Deer Act 1991 3 1 Offences under this act Wild Mammals Protection Act 1996 7 3 1The statistics relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences the principal offence is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe. 2Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used. Source: Justice Statistics Analytical Services—Ministry of Justice. (Job ref: 573-09).
Offence of cruelty to badgers and special protection for badgers and their setts
Badgers Act 1973, as amended by Criminal Justice Act 1991 and Badgers Act 1991
Killing or injuring deer by shooting, trap, snares etc.
Deer Act 1991
Offences under this act
Wild Mammals Protection Act 1996
1The statistics relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences the principal offence is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe. 2Every effort is made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data are used. Source: Justice Statistics Analytical Services—Ministry of Justice. (Job ref: 573-09).
Nitrate Vulnerable Zones
The partial impact assessment accompanying the August 2007 consultation on the implementation of the nitrates directive in England estimated the number of farms in the NVZ in each region of the UK on the basis of the 2005 agricultural census.
Number North East 1,078 North West 15,144 Yorkshire and the Humber 14,980 East Midlands 20,431 West Midlands 20,350 Eastern 22,777 South East 20,328 South West 24,514 Total 139,601
Yorkshire and the Humber
Details of the size and location of each farm could be provided only at disproportionate cost.
(2) what recent discussions he has had with British Waterways on the development of marinas on canals.
DEFRA is not responsible for issuing guidance on the construction or location of marinas and there have not been any recent discussions with British Waterways on this issue. Developers of new marinas must comply with the relevant planning requirements. Planning controls are a matter for the Department of Communities and Local Government.
Marinas are however an essential facility to support the use of the waterways network and its significant contribution to the wider visitor economy. Offline marinas prevent congestion along our historic waterways and so free up the navigation for leisure and commercial use. This is particularly important in the light of substantial growth in boat numbers over the past 10 years.
DEFRA does not record information on turkey sales in the UK.
This Department does not use any criteria—it is the responsibility of the appropriate local authority to consider all the relevant factors relating to each individual case. Factors to be considered would include the number of animals being sold and the potential value of sales.
The Department does not define too early an age. When determining whether to grant a licence for a pet shop, local authorities must have regard to the need for ensuring that no mammal will be sold at too early an age. Local authorities should be making such decisions based on advice from professional people such as appropriate veterinary surgeons or other suitable experts.
The Government have no plans to end the trade in primates as pets.
In July 2003 DEFRA published the Review of Existing Private Sewers and Drains in England and Wales consultation paper that sought views on a range of strategic options to deal with the problems of private sewers. The Government published a response to this consultation in October 2004. 81 per cent. of stakeholders favoured a change of ownership, and of these, 90 per cent. held the view that sewerage undertakers should take over responsibility. DEFRA acknowledged the strength of support for this solution and undertook to look at it in more depth.
Subsequently, representatives of 50 stakeholder groups were invited to a private sewers seminar in January 2005. This included a workshop looking at the potential impacts on small businesses. DEFRA undertook a telephone survey of over 130 drainage contractors to identify the potential impacts of any transfer on them and also commissioned qualitative customer research to investigate customers' potential views on transfer to water and sewerage companies.
In February 2007 the Government published their decision paper and committed to consult on options for the implementation of transfer. A consultation paper on implementation options was published in July 2007 and The Secretary of State announced on 15 December 2008 the Government's decision to proceed with transfer from 2011.
Copies of the 2003 and 2007 consultation papers and the Government's 2004 response to the review were placed in the Library of the House on publication. A Summary of Responses to the 2007 Consultation on Implementation Options was published in March 2008 and is available from DEFRA. Further consultation on the content of regulations to implement transfer will be published this winter.
My right hon. Friend, the Secretary of State, has received representations from a range of interested stakeholders during the course of the Review. DEFRA continues to consult with key stakeholders through working groups and meetings in developing proposals for implementation.
In 2001, DEFRA granted £10,000 to create the Heritage Gene Bank which was set up to preserve semen and embryos from breeds considered to be at risk due to the foot and mouth disease (FMD) outbreak of the time. The Herdwick was one of the breeds considered to be at risk because the majority of its breeding population were in or near to areas heavily affected by FMD.
DEFRA recognises the need to have a long term view on managing the genetic health of our livestock breeding population and the need for a co-ordinated effort to support initiatives that will encourage the characterisation, conservation and utilisation of our livestock genetic resources—which includes rare, mainstream and heritage livestock breeds. The National Standing Committee on Farm Animal Genetic Resources is currently advising Ministers on implementing the UK's national action plan on farm animal genetic resources which was published in 2006.
In England, from next year, the use of hardy native sheep breeds will be one of the factors contributing points towards eligibility for payments under the new Uplands Entry Level Stewardship Scheme. Although not confined to Herdwicks, those with Herdwick sheep may be able to gain benefits under the scheme which will thereby provide indirect support for the breed.
Waste Disposal: Hazardous Substances
There are 224 sites that treat hazardous waste. I have arranged for a list of these sites to be placed in the Library of the House.
The centrally available distance data in this list are derived from the system that the Environment Agency uses as part of the risk assessment it carries out before authorising permits for sites. The permitting system is intended to ensure that the waste operations it authorises are carried out in a way that protects human health and the environment. The distances are not limited to residential buildings and cover a far wider range of potential receptors such as commercial and industrial premises, playing fields and parks as well as housing.
Hazardous waste is defined by reference to the European Commission’s definition of hazardous waste which is based on the list set out in EC Decision 2000/532/EC. Essentially hazardous waste displays one or more of the hazardous properties that are set out in EC legislation at above specified thresholds and which may cause harm to human health or the environment if not managed in an appropriately controlled manner.
Toxicity is one of the properties that may make a waste hazardous. Toxic substances and preparations are those which, if they are inhaled or ingested, or if they penetrate the skin, may involve serious acute or chronic health risks or even death.
In DEFRA's view, it would be premature to carry out a review of the requirements of the Environmental Permitting Regulations that apply to fuel manufactured from waste before the conclusion of the procedures necessary to comply with the Technical Standards Directive (TSD) (98/34/EC) in relation to the draft end-of-waste protocol for fuel produced from waste lubricating oils, developed in response to the Appeal Court's judgment in the OSS case. The European Commission and Austria have now commented on that draft protocol under Article 8(2) of the TSD. The UK is required to take such comments into account and this legal obligation is currently being fulfilled. On conclusion of our consideration of the comments made under Article 8(2) of the TSD, we will consider further a review of the requirements of the Environmental Permitting Regulations that apply to fuel manufactured from waste.
Water: EU Law
The most recent estimate of cost to the water industry across England and Wales of achieving water quality targets determined under the first planning round of the Water Framework Directive is £174,000,000. This includes £117,000,000 in one-off costs and £57,000,000 average annual costs over the six years of the first River Basin Management Plans from 2009-2015. These figures include the costs of investigations which are essential to progressing work within the future planning rounds of the Directive.
The Northern Ireland Office (NIO), including its arms length bodies and the Public Prosecution Service Northern Ireland, but excluding its agencies and NDPBs, has no record of any contracts awarded to Capita Group plc since 1997.
The NIO departmental disposal policy states that records of contracts do not have to be held longer than six years and financial records seven years. Central Procurement Directorate (CPD) records go back to 2001. No records are available beyond this year.
The information provided is based on contracts which have been conducted through the NIO central procurement unit prior to November 2003 and the Department of Finance and Personnel’s CPD since November 2003.
Departmental Information Officers
There are a total of 8.5 press officers employed by, and work for, my Department.
The primary legislation made by the Northern Ireland Office since 1 May 2008 which abolished or created criminal offences is as follows:
The Sexual Offences (NI) Order 2008, implemented in February 2009, reformed the body of law on sexual offences. The order contains all criminal offences in relation to sexual offending behaviour. Articles 81 and 83 and schedules 1 and 3 to the order list the old offences which were repealed and article 5 abolished the common law offence of rape.
The Criminal Justice (Northern Ireland) Order 2008, made in May 2008, created nine new offences. Articles 52, 53, 65(6) and 91(4) contain four new driving-related offences; article 68 created one new offence in relation to alcohol consumption in designated public places; and the remaining offences relate to prison security. Article 71, a single offence of assisting or permitting a person to escape from lawful custody has replaced the separate offences of rescuing, or assisting or permitting the escape of, a person sentenced to death or for life, and rescuing or assisting or permitting the escape of other prisoners, formerly in sections 29 and 30 of the Prison Act (NI) 1953. Articles 77 and 78 create offences in relation to conveying articles into or out of prison. These replace the offences of conveying spirits or alcohol or other articles into prison (formerly in sections 34 and 35 of the Prison (NI) Act) with a more extensive prohibition. No offences were repealed by the order.
Non-consolidated performance payments are made to staff in the senior civil service in line with Cabinet Office Guidance and also to staff at grades D2 to A in line with HM Treasury Guidance. These payments are made at the end of the reporting year to reward performance throughout the year retrospectively.
Under a separate scheme special performance payments are awarded to staff at grades D2 to A.
Figures for the last two years are set out in the following tables.
2007-08 2008-09 Number of staff 1409 563 Proportion (percentage) 26 28 Total amount (£) 609,875.00 599,048.50 Largest payment (£) 18,000 11,000 1 The details for the 2007-08 non-consolidated performance payments do not include payments made by the Northern Ireland Prison Service to staff below senior civil service.
Number of staff
Total amount (£)
Largest payment (£)
1 The details for the 2007-08 non-consolidated performance payments do not include payments made by the Northern Ireland Prison Service to staff below senior civil service.
2007-08 2008-09 Number of staff 809 996 Proportion (percentage) 40 49 Total amount(£) 227,349.48 260,865.00 Largest payment (£) 750 900
Number of staff
Largest payment (£)
Departmental Public Expenditure
Northern Ireland Office (NIO) special advisers and press officers are located alongside other NIO staff in a number of buildings. Rent, rates and utilities, etc., are charged on the basis of the entire building, and the cost of specific areas of the building or accommodation for groups or individuals within the building could not be separated from the overall running costs of the entire building.
I have not met directly with any of the disability organisations since my appointment as Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.
Iraq Committee of Inquiry
I refer the hon. Gentleman to the answer given by the Minister for the Cabinet Office, my right hon. Friend the Member for Dulwich and West Norwood (Tessa Jowell) on 3 December 2009, Official Report, columns 974-75W.
Prisoners: Foreign Nationality
In 2008, the Northern Ireland Prison Service discharged 188 sentenced foreign national prisoners.
From 1 January to 30 November 2009, the service discharged 234 sentenced foreign national prisoners, as shown in the following table.
Number discharged January 13 February 11 March 25 April 24 May 22 June 21 July 26 August 24 September 13 October 30 November 25 Total 234
(2) how many sex offenders have been moved to open type accommodation at Foyleview in the last three months; and what steps have been taken to inform the local population of the matter.
In the nine months up to August 2009 there was an average of 55 sex offenders held in dormitory type accommodation; at 3 December 2009 there were 47 sex offenders held in this accommodation unit. Staff at Magilligan are in the process of reallocating prisoner accommodation, following the refurbishment of H blocks, which will reduce the numbers in dormitory accommodation to 32, with the intention of introducing partitions to provide for increased privacy.
All prisoners, regardless of offence, may occupy cellular accommodation, single rooms or dormitories.
On 24 September 2009 five sex offenders were transferred to Foyleview semi-open accommodation unit (a low supervision unit within the Magilligan prison complex) and as of 3 December 2009 nine sex offenders were located there. This is part of our strategy to make the most effective use of prisoner accommodation, based on prisoners satisfactorily completing a risk assessment and meeting the strict criteria necessary for their placement.
Before being transferred to Foyleview, prisoners must be assessed at category C level—the lowest category of risk assessment. Each prisoner accepted to Foyleview has been admitted as a result of his progression through the prison regime, though where a prisoner fails to comply with the requirements of the unit, they may be returned to the main prison complex.
There is no obligation on NIPS to inform the public.
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
When I visited Colombia, I issued a joint statement with President Uribe and the Foreign Minister declaring that
“the defence of human rights is necessary and legitimate for democracy, in a country like Colombia which is proud of being fully open and ready for international Scrutiny on this subject”.
We work closely with EU partners, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and human rights defenders on implementation of the EU guidelines on human rights defenders. For example, we have made visits to rural communities, including the Curvarado River Basin, and more recently Popoyan, to visit communities and human rights defenders that are under threat, and we are planning further visits in conjunction with EU partners.
We also make representations to the Colombian authorities in specific cases of violence or threats against individual or collective human rights defenders. Our ambassador recently wrote to the Colombian Director of Human Rights, Carlos Franco, to request a greater level of protection for a human rights defender under threat. We also make our support clearly visible by visiting those under threat at their places of work.
We undertake a range of project work alongside Colombian and international NGOs aimed at supporting the work of human rights defenders. For example, we run two projects on tackling impunity in the criminal justice system, and three specifically aimed at promoting and strengthening the position of human rights defenders in Colombia.
Yes, we will follow this trial with interest.
We are involved in a number of activities to help human rights defenders in Colombia, and to support their cause. In October 2009 I visited Colombia, where I urged President Uribe to ensure that human rights defenders were properly supported and protected.
My right hon. Friend the Foreign Secretary recently met Eduardo Carreno, a Colombian human rights lawyer, to discuss the problems human rights defenders face, and to express the UK’s support for their cause. Our ambassador in Bogota and his officials make representations to the Colombian Government in specific cases of violence or threats against human rights defenders, and visit them at their offices to demonstrate the UK’s support.
In addition to our lobbying activities, we also provide practical support through our project work in the areas of freedom of expression, tackling impunity, equality and promoting civil society.
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office owns 1,391 residential properties throughout our overseas network. This includes the official residences of our heads of post and other staff accommodation. We do not own any residential properties in the UK.
Monitoring the occupancy of our residential properties is not done centrally, as the day-to-day management of the estate is carried out by our overseas missions.
Within the last 12 months, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office has advertised for 211 vacancies in the national press and on our website. Online application forms were used for 164 (78 per cent.) of these vacancies. The remaining 47 vacancies (22 per cent.) were advertised inviting applications via email and hard copy. Alternative application methods are considered on request for all our vacancies.
EC Law: Agriculture
I have been asked to reply.
Two legislative instruments containing criminal law provisions in the first pillar were adopted under the provisions of the treaty establishing the European Community other than those of Title IV of Part III of the treaty. Directive 2008/99/EC on the protection of the environment through criminal law was adopted on 19 November 2008. The instrument is in force and the deadline for transposition is December 2010. The amending directive 2005/35/EC on ship source pollution and on the introduction of penalties for infringements was adopted in March 2009. The instrument is not yet in force.
European Union: Fines
The UK has never incurred a financial penalty for failure to comply with a European Court of Justice judgment under Article 228 (ex Article 171) of the treaty establishing the European Community.
Following the military coup in December 2006, Fiji was suspended from the Councils of the Commonwealth. The situation deteriorated further in April 2009, with the abrogation of the constitution, suspension of the courts, censorship of the press and re-establishment of Public Emergency Regulations. In July, Military Commander and interim PM, Voreqe Bainimarama, announced a ‘Roadmap for Change’, which ruled out holding democratic elections until 2014. As a member of the Commonwealth Ministerial Action Group, the UK took a full role in discussions which led to Fiji's full suspension from the Commonwealth on 1 September 2009. The regime can be erratic: the Australian and New Zealand Heads of Mission were suddenly expelled on 3 November 2009. This was the third New Zealand Head of Mission expulsion since the coup.
Full suspension from the Commonwealth means Fiji is no longer eligible for Commonwealth technical assistance, and can no longer participate in Commonwealth sporting events. While the Commonwealth Games Federation has voted to exclude Fiji from the Commonwealth Games, Fiji officials continue to lobby for Fiji participation. The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) reinforced suspension from the Commonwealth calling for an early return to democracy, respect for human rights and respect for the rule of law. CHOGM also made clear that sporting ties under the Commonwealth name are inseparable from the values of the association.
The Commonwealth is keen to readmit Fiji, but only when the regime demonstrates a clear and committed willingness to return to democracy and adhere to the principles of the Harare Declaration, which includes a commitment to the respect for fundamental human rights. The UK continues in its policy of engagement with the regime to work towards these common objectives, both in Suva and in other capitals, and works closely with the EU, UN and regional partners in encouraging Fiji towards an early return to democratic principles and the rule of law.
Holidays Abroad: Death
Figures collated by consular directorate in previous years related only to deaths that required action by our staff. Since April 2008, we have updated our guidance to include cases where we have been notified of a death even if no action has been necessary.
Based on the above criteria, the number of deaths recorded by consular staff overseas over the last five years are as follows:
April to March each year Number of deaths 2004-05 3,925 2005-06 4,071 2006-07 4,577 2007-08 4,157 2008-09 5,629
April to March each year
Number of deaths
Mr. Fitzsimons is being held at a police station in the International Zone in Baghdad where he is visited regularly by our consular staff. He has not raised any concerns with us about the conditions in which he is being held.
The judicial process is a matter for the Iraqi authorities. However, we will make representations to the authorities should it become clear that there are concerns around the ongoing legal proceedings in comparison with internationally recognised standards or local procedure.
Foreign and Commonwealth Office consular staff have been in regular contact with the deceased British national's family to ensure he was repatriated to the UK as soon as was practicably possible and to discuss any other ongoing concerns they have.
[holding answer 30 November 2009]: I have been asked to reply.
Our assessment is that there is some extremist activity happening in Higher Education Institutions within the UK. The problem is not widespread but where it does occur it is serious. For national security reasons, we cannot release details of which institutions.
Arriva: Government Assistance
The Government subsidises bus services in England through the Department for Transport’s Bus Service Operators Grant (BSOG) which is paid to operators of local bus services.
In 2008-09, Arriva England were paid £66,753,127.18 and Arriva Yorkshire West Ltd. were paid £2,042,380.03.
Aviation: Greater London
These are operational matters for NATS and the Department for Transport does not hold the information in the form and detail requested. Assistance may be available from the chief executive of NATS with his inquiries. His address is:
Corporate and Technical Centre
Hants PO15 7FL
The Secretary of State for Transport publishes annual aircraft noise contour maps for Heathrow airport which are designated under section 80 for the purposes of section 78 of the Civil Aviation Act 1982 for noise control purposes. These follow the standard UK practice of producing aircraft noise contours for the average summer’s day (Leq 16 hour, 07.00 to 23.00) where ‘summer’ is the 92 day period from 16 June to 15 September.
The contours are produced in three dB bands starting at 57 Leq which the Department for Transport regards as the approximate onset of significant community annoyance. Therefore the contours will encompass those areas of London exposed to 57 Leq or more. Contour details are available on the Department’s website at:
The Secretary of State is not responsible for the production of noise contour maps at non designated airports. However London City airport also produces annual noise contours on a similar basis which are available on the London City Airport Consultative Committee’s website at
Modelling aircraft levels at lower levels becomes increasingly uncertain as the noise level decreases, primarily because of difficulties in obtaining aircraft noise measurements that are not contaminated with other sources of noise, such as traffic noise.
The Department for Transport is providing considerable support for projects to increase cycling, through Cycling England. Cycling England was established by the Department to get more people cycling, more safely, more often. We have increased their budget to £140 million over three years (running from 2008-09 to 2010-11).
Current cycling projects include the Cycling Demonstration Towns and Cycling City (we are investing £48 million in these) and ‘Bikeability’ cycle training. The first six cycle demonstration towns showed an average increase in cycling of 27 per cent. Our grants for Bikeability will enable an extra 500,000 children to take part in cycle training which meets the National Standard by 20121. This year, we are providing almost £10 million to train around 200,000 children.
In September of this year, the Secretary of State for Transport, announced a major £14 million package to transform facilities for cyclists at rail stations (£4 million of which is from Cycling England’s budget).
In October of this year, the Department set up the Cycle to Work Guarantee. Signing up to the guarantee commits employers to helping their employees cycle to work, by providing them with improved cycle facilities, and giving them access to the Government’s tax break scheme for new bicycles and equipment.
The Department is also developing the evidence base for the outcomes and benefits of cycling, and provides guidance on increasing cycling to local authorities. For example, in November this year, we produced guidance to local authorities on delivering sustainable low carbon travel2.
We have also invested £10 million from 2004-09 on the ‘Sustainable Travel Towns’, initial results of which indicate cycling increases of at least 12 per cent.
1 The ‘National Standard’ for cycle training (for children and adults) was launched by us in 2005.
2 Delivering Sustainable Low Carbon Travel: An Essential Guide for Local Authorities (November 2009).
The Department for Transport has taken a number of steps to increase the level of safety for cyclists. We are aware that safety concerns are a deterrent for many people to cycle more, or to allow their children to cycle, and so it is an important aspect of our cycling promotion work.
To this end we have:
Developed a new National Standard for Cycle Training suitable for children and adults. We provided grants to local authorities to enable an extra 500,000 children to take part in Bikeability training by 2012. (Our Bikeability training meets the National Standard.) This year, we are providing almost £10 million to train around 200,000 children.
Through Cycling England’s Links to Schools Programme, funded improvements to infrastructure which will include at least 250 safer routes to approximately 500 schools.
Launched a new THINK! education website with resources for primary school teachers, pupils and parents covering the themes of cycle training, wearing the correct clothes, cycle maintenance and using the Highway Code.
Proposed, in our consultation on a new road safety strategy, to provide greater encouragement for local authorities to introduce 20 mph limits and zones in streets which are primarily residential in nature.
Commissioned a two-year research project looking at a range of road safety and cycling issues including casualty data, infrastructure, attitudes and cycle helmets.
We have recently completed a study considering the safety aspects of a range of supplementary devices on large goods vehicles, including the Fresnel lens, in order to reduce blind spots which can be particularly dangerous to cyclists.
I expect to make an announcement about Quality Contracts Schemes shortly.
The information requested is in the following table:
England Wales Scotland 2004 10 3 4 2005 10 3 4 2006 10 3 6 2007 10 3 6 2008 10 3 6 2009 10 3 6
The Vehicle and Operator Services Agency does not fund bus monitoring officer posts.
The Department for Transport has commissioned no research projects in the 2009-10 financial year to assess the likely effects on bus services of changes to the Bus Service Operators Grant.
Bus Services: Lincolnshire
£522,067 has been paid to North East Lincolnshire council in kickstart grants to improve bus services.
There have been no meetings between the Secretary of State for Transport, other Ministers or officials in the Department and Mr. Paul in the last three years.
There is one contract with AP Braking Limited of the Caparo Group where the Department for Transport provides services for approval of vehicle brakes.
The Government were a strong supporter of the New Car CO2 regulation adopted in April 2009. The regulation aims to reduce CO2 emissions by setting manufacturers average CO2 targets based on the new cars they produce that are registered in the EU. In particular, the Government played a successful leading role, in calling for an ambitious long-term target in the regulation. This target of 95g/km means that, on average, new cars will emit 40 per cent. less CO2 in 2020 compared to 2007. In the UK alone, this is expected to save 7.6MtC02 per year by 2020.
In addition, the Government have allocated over £400 million to deliver policies, through the new cross Whitehall Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV), aiming to place the UK at the global forefront of ultra-low carbon vehicle development, demonstration, manufacture and us. Details of OLEV's work can be found here:
The Department for Transport does not hold the information centrally and it could be provided only by incurring disproportionate cost. However, following a search across the Department's Human Resources systems, it is known that 146 external consultants work for the Department. The following table provides a breakdown of the number of consultants:
Number of consultants Department for Transport Central 95 Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency 140 Vehicle Certification Agency 0 Vehicle and Operator Services Agency 10 Government Car and Despatch Agency 1 Total 146 1 The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency figure only includes the number of consultants appointed through their Consultancy and Interim Management Services (CIMS) Framework Agreement. The total number could only be provided at disproportionate cost.
Number of consultants
Department for Transport Central
Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency
Vehicle Certification Agency
Vehicle and Operator Services Agency
Government Car and Despatch Agency
1 The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency figure only includes the number of consultants appointed through their Consultancy and Interim Management Services (CIMS) Framework Agreement. The total number could only be provided at disproportionate cost.
The Driving Standards Agency, Highways Agency and Marine and Coastguard Agency could provide the information requested only at disproportionate cost.
The Department for Transport contributes annually towards the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) Procurement of Food and Catering Services Report which can be found at:
The report gives details of the proportion of domestically produced meat, fruit and vegetable purchased. The figures for 2008-09 will be published by DEFRA at the end of 2009.
No criminal offences have been abolished by primary legislation falling within the scope of the question.
A number of criminal offences have been created by the Crossrail Act 2008 and the Local Transport Act 2008. These are:
Crossrail Act 2008 (c. 18)
1. Schedule 4, paragraph 2(2) - creates an offence of installing an electric line above ground without prior consent.
2. Schedule 12, Part 4, paragraph 18(6) - creates an offence of intentionally altering, suppressing or destroying a document which has been required to be produced by a notice served by the Secretary of State for Transport where a transfer scheme is proposed (such schemes provide for the transfer of property, rights and liabilities).
Local Transport Act 2008 (c.26)
1. Section 44 - will, when in force, insert a new section 134B(11) into the Transport Act 2000 (c. 38). Section 134(B)(11) will create an offence in relation to the provision of information that is false or misleading by a person operating local services. It is expected that section 44 will be brought into force in January 2010.
2. Section 55 - amended section 36 of the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (c.50) to impose new duties on the drivers of certain taxis and private hire vehicles. Breach of the duties is a criminal offence and so the effect of section 55 is to expand the scope of an existing offence.
3. Section 115 - amended section 174 of the Transport Act 2000 and paragraph 25 of Schedule 23 to the Greater London Authority Act 1999 (c.29) to make it an offence, in particular circumstances, to interfere with the functioning of any equipment to do with road user charging. It was already an offence to interfere with the equipment itself.
The following have not been included in this answer as they are not considered to be covered by the scope of the question:
(a) provisions in primary legislation which enable secondary legislation to be made (and offences to be included in that legislation); and
(b) provisions which change the penalties for contravening existing offences (including in particular circumstances, for instance where the offence is Crossrail related).
The Department for Transport (DfT) allocates integrated transport block and highways maintenance funding to local transport authorities for capital investment in transport. Funding provided by the Department to local authorities is not generally ring-fenced and local authorities have discretion to spend their allocations in line with their priorities, such as the provision of improved cycle, lorry and car parking.
Total allocations provided to English local transport authorities (outside London) since 1997 are shown in the following table.
Allocation (£ million) 2009-10 1,345.000 2008-09 1,280.000 2007-08 1,254.000 2006-07 1,218.871 2005-06 1,215.285 2004-05 1,308.411 2003-04 1,178.476 2002-03 1,123.443 2001-02 1,074.045 2000-01 514.393 1999-2000 535.325 1998-99 479.060 1997-98 584.151 Note: Since 2000 the allocations comprise integrated transport block grant and highways maintenance. Prior to 2000 the allocations are in the form of gross approved spending.
Allocation (£ million)
Since 2000 the allocations comprise integrated transport block grant and highways maintenance. Prior to 2000 the allocations are in the form of gross approved spending.
Revenue expenditure on transport is generally supported through the Department for Communities and Local Government’s Formula Grant.
In addition to this funding, the Government have made some funding available specifically to improve the provision of cycle parking. In 2009-10 and 2010-11, a total of £14 million is being provided by the Department to improve cycle facilities at rail stations, including the provision of 10,000 extra cycle parking spaces. A further £62.7 million has been committed between 2005-06 and 2010-11 to provide cycling infrastructure in 17 English towns and cities, as part of the Department’s Cycling Towns initiative.
The Department published a new action plan to improve lorry parking in England on 24 November 2009, available at:
The action plan will help to raise standards at existing truck stops and tackle shortages of lorry parking facilities but retains the principle that the financing and delivery of lorry parking is for the private sector. DfT Circular 01/2008 on Policy on Service Areas and Other Roadside Facilities on Motorways and All-Purpose Trunk Roads in England includes information on the role that the Highways Agency has in lorry parking.
Cumbria county council are the local highway authority for Cumbria. According to records held by Cumbria county council there are 1,764 bridges in Cumbria which are managed by the authority, of which 1,240 are over or near water. Other bridges in Cumbria will be the responsibility of other bodies.
The Prime Minister announced on 25 November 2009 that the Government will provide funding to Cumbria county council to assist them to carry out repairs to their bridges and roads damaged by the recent floods. Surveys of all damage will be required before it will be possible to estimate the cost of the damage to the local highway network in Cumbria. The flood water will need to recede before all surveys can be carried out. The Department for Transport will work with Cumbria county council to assist them to estimate the cost of the damage to their highway network.
The Ministry of Defence and the Department have worked together to finalise arrangements for a temporary bridge at Workington over the River Derwent. The Department will provide funding for other temporary bridges as and when required by Cumbria county council.
The Highways Agency is the highway authority for trunk roads and motorways in England and has inspected 92 roads over water bridges and three retaining walls on its road network in Cumbria, following the floods. No structural faults were found during those inspections. Further assessments of these structures and earthwork embankments near watercourses in Cumbria, will be made over the coming days.
The structural integrity of the remainder of the trunk road and motorway network in Cumbria was not affected by the floods. However, in the interests of safety for the travelling public, the network is being monitored daily.
Invalid Vehicles: Insurance
The Department for Transport strongly recommends that mobility scooter users take out insurance. A survey performed for the Department in 2005 suggested that around 72 per cent. of them do so.
Recent estimates from the national travel survey suggest that there could be 316,000 of these vehicles in the UK, so therefore somewhat over 200,000 of these individuals might be expected to be covered by some form of insurance.
The Department for Transport does not hold this information centrally and it could be provided only by incurring disproportionate cost due to the very many number of subsidiaries that Kellogg, Brown and Root have.
London City Airport
The Department for Transport’s latest published forecasts of aircraft movements and terminal passenger numbers at airports in the UK are presented in “UK Air Passenger Demand and CO2 Forecasts”, January 2009. This is available at:
The Department’s latest forecasts of air transport movements are given in table G8, page 141 of “UK Air Passenger Demand and CO2 Forecasts”. The central estimate for the number of air transport movements at London City airport in 2015 is 92,000 an increase of 28,000, or 44 per cent., over the 2010 estimate.
The Department’s latest forecasts for airport terminal passengers are given in table G3, page 135 of “UK Air Passenger Demand and CO2 Forecasts”. The central estimate from the Department’s forecasts for the number of passengers using London City airport in 2015 is 3.7 million passengers per annum (mppa), an increase of 1.4 million passengers, or 68 per cent., over the 2010 estimate.
The above estimates only include scheduled passenger services. The Department has not modelled unscheduled business jet charters and air taxis at London City airport. The model currently underestimates scheduled air traffic movements at London City airport. Table 2.4, page 34 of “UK Air Passenger Demand and CO2 Forecasts” provides a comparison of modelled and actual air transport movements. For larger airports, such as Heathrow and Gatwick, modelled and actual figures are within a couple of per cent. of each other. Moreover, the forecasts in “UK Air Passenger Demand and CO2 Forecasts” fulfil their intended purpose—to inform and monitor long term strategic aviation policy. We currently expect to publish updated aviation forecasts in 2010.
No formal representations have been received on aircraft noise at London City airport. However early next year, the airport will be required to submit a draft strategic noise action plan to the Secretary of State for consideration for formal adoption under the European Environmental Noise Directive (2002/49/EC). If the requirements are met, the Secretary of State for Transport will recommend to the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs that the action plan should be adopted. The airport is currently conducting a public consultation on its draft noise action plan. This consultation closes on 15 January 2010.
Responsibility for monitoring the noise levels of aircraft operating at London City airport rests with the airport operator. Under local planning agreements with the London borough of Newham, the airport is required to produce noise exposure contours on an annual basis. These are published on the London City airport consultative committee’s website.
The following tables show the number of jet and propeller aircraft arriving and departing London City airport from 1999 to 2008:
Number Jets Propellers Total 1999 8,993 11,746 20,739 2000 8,049 16,460 24,509 2001 7,769 19,123 26,892 2002 6,552 19,932 26,484 2003 6,227 17,800 24,027 2004 7,469 19,134 26,603 2005 10,907 19,448 30,355 2006 12,358 20,728 33,086 2007 19,163 19,475 38,638 2008 24,502 17,514 42,016 Total 111,989 181,360 293,349
Number Jets Propellers Total 1999 8,988 11,758 20,746 2000 8,033 16,462 24,495 2001 7,749 19,122 26,871 2002 6,537 19,935 26,472 2003 6,205 17,787 23,992 2004 7,465 19,131 26,596 2005 10,892 19,446 30,338 2006 12,336 20,707 33,043 2007 19,180 19,456 38,636 2008 24,560 17,498 42,058 Total 111,945 181,302 293,247 Source: Civil Aviation Authority.
Source: Civil Aviation Authority.
The Department for Transport has not had any such discussions.
The chief executive of the Highways Agency is planning to visit the Managed Motorway works on the M6 within the next three weeks. A firm date has yet to be finalised and my hon. Friend will be notified when this is confirmed.
Public Transport: Crimes of Violence
The Department for Transport does not hold records of crime on public transport. Details of crime on the railways can be obtained from the British Transport police at 25 Camden road, London, NW1 9LN, e-mail
We are committed to improving the personal security of passengers on public transport. For example, new rail franchises now specify minimum levels of investment in public safety and we are encouraging Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships to work with the transport industry to help tackle transport crime.
The following railway lines were opened or reopened on the national network in the last 20 years:
Paisley Canal Line
Manchester Airport Line
Blackburn-Clitheroe (regular passenger services)
Jewellery Line (Smethwick-Birmingham Snow Hill)
Robin Hood Line
Heathrow Airport (Heathrow Express/Heathrow Connect)
Eastleigh to Romsey (via Chandlers Ford)
Channel Tunnel rail link
Vale of Glamorgan
Ebbw Vale Line
Kettering to Corby.
This list excludes freight only, London Underground, tramways, Docklands Light Railway, heritage and other independent railways.
New and reopened lines in Scotland and Wales are included in this list even though for part of the period openings and re-openings have been a devolved matter.
The Department for Transport does not hold information on the number of jobs created in each project or the cost of each project.
The Department for Transport holds information only on the passenger stations that were opened and reopened in the last 15 years. These are as follows:
Barrow upon Soar (1994)
Cam and Dursley (1994)
Ramsgreave and Wilpshire (1994)
Briton Ferry (1994)
Prestwick International Airport (1994)
Eastham Rake (1995)
Digby and Sowton (1995)
Chafford Hundred (1995)
Jewellery Quarter (1995)
The Hawthorns (1995)
Smethwick Galton Bridge (1995)
Sutton Parkway (1995)
Mansfield Woodhouse (1995)
Filton Abbey Wood (1996)
Kirby in Ashfield (1996)
Ashchurch for Tewkesbury (1997)
Rugeley Town (1997)
Euxton Balshaw Lane (1997)
Dalgety Bay (1998)
Langwith—Whaley Thorns (1998)
Heathrow Terminals 1, 2, 3 (1998)
Heathrow Terminal 4 (1998)
Conway Park (1998)
West Brompton (1999)
Horwich Parkway (1999)
Braintree Freeport (1999)
Luton Airport Parkway (1999)
Dunfermline Queen Margaret (2000)
Wavertree Technology Park (2000)
Lea Green (2000)
Warwick Parkway (2000)
Edinburgh Park (2003)
Chandlers Ford (2003)
Rhoose Cardiff International Airport (2005)
Llantwit Major (2005)
Liverpool South Parkway (2006)
Coleshill Parkway (2007)
St. Pancras International (2007)
Ebbsfleet International (2007)
Ebbw Vale Parkway (2008)
Risca and Pontymister (2008)
Heathrow Terminal 5 (2008)
Mitcham Eastfields (2008)
Shepherds Bush (2008)
Aylesbury Vale Parkway (2008)
East Midlands Parkway (2009)
Imperial Wharf (2009).
New and reopened stations in Scotland and Wales are included in this list, even though for part of the period openings and re-openings have been a devolved matter.
This list excludes London Underground, tramways, Docklands Light Railway and heritage and other independent railways.
The Department for Transport does not hold information on the number of jobs created in each project and the cost of each project.
Railway Stations: Greater London
Stations in the programme were announced in three lists with indicative delivery time scales, but are now part of an integrated delivery plan which is a live document owned by Network Rail.
There are 35 stations in London boroughs, representing a third of the total programme, and of these seven are completed and six are started on site. The remainder are at the design stage and I understand from Network Rail that seven are due to start on site in 2010-11, nine in 2011-12 and six from 2012-13 onwards. I therefore suggest that the hon. Member contact Network Rail’s chief executive at the following address for a response to her questions:
90 York Way
London N1 9AG
Stations in the programme were announced in three lists with indicative delivery time scales but are now part of a detailed delivery plan which is a live document owned by Network Rail.
There are 35 stations in London boroughs, representing a third of the total programme, included in the programme, and the current anticipated cost for these is £121.1 million and current funding spent is £49.3 million.
Information on actual spend and future years’ forecast spend for individual sites is held by Network Rail and not the Department for Transport. I suggest the hon. Member therefore contact Network Rail’s chief executive at the following address for a response to her questions:
90 York Way
London N1 9AG
(2) how much of the planned expenditure under the National Stations Improvement Plan has been (a) allocated and (b) spent on each station located within Greater London in 2009-10; and how much has been allocated for each such station in (i) 2010-11, (ii) 2011-12, (iii) 2012-13 and (iv) 2013-14.
This information is held by Network Rail as the owner and operator of the national rail network. The hon. Member should therefore contact Network Rail’s chief executive at the following address for a response to her questions:
90 York Way
London N1 9AG
(2) if he will take steps to ensure that railway industry managers and staff are aware of official guidelines for railway enthusiasts, with particular reference to the guidelines on photography.
Network Rail, many train operators and the British Transport police all have policies in place that recognise the security benefits that the presence of enthusiasts can bring to the railway. The Government, too, recognise this and believe that security measures at stations should not prevent enthusiasts from pursuing their legitimate interest. Responsibility for ensuring that staff are aware of these policies rests with train and station operators and police commanders.
Railways: East of England
The Office of Rail Regulation is responsible for the publication of National Rail Trends which includes customer complaint statistics. National Rail Trends can be accessed from the Office of Rail Regulation website at:
Alternatively, the hon. Member may wish to contact the Office of Rail Regulation at the following address:
The Office of Rail Regulation
One Kemble Street
London WC2B 4AN.
On 23 July the Department for Transport announced the electrification of the Great Western Main Line between London, Reading, Oxford, Newbury, Bristol, Cardiff and Swansea at an estimated cost of £1 billion, including contingency and optimism bias. The total length of track being electrified is around 640 single track miles, so the estimated cost is around £1.6 million per single track mile.
On the Midland Main Line, a clear scope of electrification work and timescale for delivery has not yet been agreed, so the Department has not yet been able to make an estimate of the cost.
On 23 July the Department for Transport announced the electrification of the Great Western Main Line between London, Reading, Oxford, Newbury, Bristol, Cardiff and Swansea. Delivery of the scheme is a matter for Network Rail, and the number of jobs created will depend on the delivery mechanisms which they select. Until these are finalised, it is not possible to estimate the number of jobs which will be created.
No decision has been made on whether to take forward the electrification of the Midland Main Line or, if it is taken forward, on the timescale for delivery or the delivery mechanisms. It is therefore not possible to estimate the number of jobs which would be created.